• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

Places To Go

aerial view of Arkansas River with foundation remains of first fort in foreground

Arkansas River and foundation remains of First Fort Smith

NPS

Belle Point - Site of First Fort Smith

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A short walk from the parking lot is the site of the first Fort Smith, established in 1817. The area overlooking the confluence of the Arkansas and Poteau Rivers was named Belle Point, French for "beautiful place," by French fur trappers traveling along the rivers in the 18th century. Today visitors can enjoy the scenic view of the rivers and see the foundation remains of the first Fort Smith (1817-1824).

 
Scenic overlook on Arkansas River with exhibit panels on five southeastern tribes removed on Trail of Tears

Trail of Tears Overlook along Arkansas River

NPS

Trail of Tears Overlook and River Walk

A 3/4 mile paved walking trail begins from the parking lot and follows along the Arkansas River, where the first fort was built in 1817.

Fort Smith National Historic Site commemorates the forced removal of the five southeastern tribes from their homelands to Indian Territory, present day Oklahoma. You can stand on the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail where thousands of Cherokees entered Indian Territory in the 1830s. Choctaw, Chickasaw, Muscogee Creek, and Seminole made this same journey and are also recognized at the park's Trail of Tears Overlook.

 
Garrison flag flies in middle of parade ground with commissary in distance

Military parade ground and 37 star flag with Commissary in distance

NPS

Commissary and Second Fort Smith Grounds

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The oldest building still standing in Fort Smith is the Commissary. In 1838 the U.S. Army started working on the building that would eventually become a military supply warehouse. During the federal court period, Judge Parker had his chambers upstairs. Today you can visit it as it looked in the 1850s when it supplied military troops with food items.

At Fort Smith National Historic Site you can walk where Mexican War and Civil War soldiers drilled and have your photo taken standing next to a cannon or a military supply wagon. In the center of the military parade ground a 37 star flag flies from the top of a 100' flagpole and would have dominated the Fort Smith skyline in the mid-19th century.

 
Visitor Center

Visitor Center

NPS

Visitor Center - Historic Barracks/Courthouse/Jail Buildings

The Visitor Center is located in the historic barracks/courthouse/jail building. The barracks was built by the army in 1851 and converted into a courthouse and jail in 1872 by the Federal Court for the Western District of Arkansas. In 1888 a new jail building was built adjacent to the barracks/courthouse. Visitors touring these buildings can see Judge Parker's restored courtroom, the "Hell on the Border" jail, a partial reconstruction of the 1888s jail cells, as well as exhibits and videos on military history, Native Americans, the Trail of Tears, the operation of the federal court and its impact on Indian Territory, and U.S. Deputy Marshals and outlaws.

An orientation film in the Visitor Center provides an overview of the history of the site. After touring the exhibits you can find more information in the Eastern National bookstore on early Arkansas history, the Trail of Tears, the Civil War, westward expansion, women's history, Native Americans, genealogy, and western lawmen and outlaws. There are also many books for children on the same topics.

Did You Know?

Portrait of Anna Dawes

A woman was responsible for the building of a modern federal jail at Fort Smith, AR, in 1888. Anna Dawes, daughter of Sen. Dawes of MA, visited the "Hell on the Border" jail in 1885 and wrote an article describing its conditions. When read in Congress, money was quickly approved for a new jail.