• Fort Parade Ground and Officers Quarters as seen from Guardhouse

    Fort Scott

    National Historic Site Kansas

Weapons-Tools of the Trade

Infantry soldier with accoutrements
The accouterments and weapons of the infantry soldier are as follows:
  • Bayonet Sling-made of white leather. Holds the bayonet. Used by the infantry.
  • Cartridge Box-made of black leather. Used to hold cartridges. Cartridges were cylindrical tubes of paper that contained a charge of black powder and a bullet or ball.
  • Cartridge Sling-made of white leather. Used by the infantry to carry their cartridge boxes.
  • Waist Belt-made of white leather. Goes around the waist and has a belt buckle attached. Used by the infantry.
  • Whisk and Pick-used to clean black powder residue out of the pan and the touchhole of the musket.
  • Bayonet-A metal spearlike weapon, detachable, and affixes to the ends of muskets and
    rifles. Used in hand-to-hand combat.
  • Musket-a long smoothbore weapon. The muskets used at Fort Scott were flintlocks.

 
Dragoon soldier with accoutrements
The accouterments and weapons of the dragoon soldier are as follows:
  • Carbine Sling-made of white leather. It hooked on to a ring that was on the carbine and musketoon. Used to hold the dragoon's weapon, leaving both hands free to hold the reins of the horses.
  • Saber Belt-Made of white leather. It was really a waist belt and a saber sling combined into one.
  • Cap Box-made of black leather. Used to hold percussion caps.
  • Carbine-a smoothbore weapon used by the dragoons. It had a shorter barrel than the musket. Most carbines were breechloaders and were also percussion weapons.
  • Musketoon- similar to the carbine, but it was a muzzleloader. Used by the dragoons.
  • Saber-like a sword, but with a curved blade. Used by the dragoons in mounted combat.
  • Pistol-single shot weapons used by the dragoons in mounted combat. It was a weapon of last resort. It was holstered on the saddle of the horse.
  • Walker-Colt Revolver-used by mounted troops in the late 1840s and early 1850s. It was capable of having six rounds loaded in it at once.
 
 
Soldier Shouldering Weapons
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Did You Know?

Park volunteer, Anatika Timmons-Lee (now deceased) portrays Anna in a dramatic presentation.

Many officers at Fort Scott in the 1840s owned slaves. One particular slave, Anna, was rented to Hiero Wilson, post sutler. Born free and educated, she was kidnapped into slavery in 1820, In 1849, she regained her freedom, married, operated a hotel in Eastern Kansas, and later became a pioneer.