Children's Activities - Historical Background
Army children seem to have thrived by virtue of the isolation of frontier posts. They rarely suffered from the ailments common to children of towns and cities but rather became hardy youths and maidens, sturdy and independent. Unfortunately, one byproduct of their prolonged contact with enlisted men was a penchant for profanity.
School life, then as now, occupied a major portion of the child's day. At Fort Atkinson, "The children of the soldiers were educated at no expense to their parents. However, the officers, because of higher pay, were required to pay the sum of 50 cents a month to the Council of Administration for each child attending the Post School. These funds were used to buy books, paper, ink, quill pens and slates for the Post School, or to help pay a minuscule salary to the soldier-teacher.
Educational achievement was normally limited to the traditional "3 R's". Discipline was severe and it may be assumed that children learned a early fear of cane switches.
Outside of school, children turned, of course, to various amusements. Popular games of the period include marbles, horseshoes, tag, hide-and-seek, hoop rolling, jump rope, and tipcat. This last is played with a stick bat and a double-pointed wooden peg. A little imagination (just think back a few years) should suggest additional possibilities tailored to the fort's setting (fishing, berry picking, etc.)
Despite the availability of such amusements, children were often forced to curtail their enjoyment of them. There was work to be done and each member of the family had a part to play. Children typically helped with chores such as:
From Living History Interpretation of Women's Roles at Fort Snelling
Did You Know?
From 1869-73, soldiers were stationed near Fort Scott to protect a railroad being built through this area. Soldiers fought squatters who had formed an armed resistance to the railroad. This was one of few times in U.S. history that the army took up arms against civilians.