• Pa-Hay-okee Overlook

    Everglades

    National Park Florida

Reptiles

Many of the best-known Everglades residents fall within this fascinating class of animals. More than 50 distinct kinds of reptiles inhabit the park. These species range from the formidable American crocodile to the diminutive green anole.

 

Reptile Species List for Everglades National Park¹
E = Federally Endangered
T = Federally Threatened
I = Invasive/Exotic
U = Unknown

 

Order Crocodilia (crocodiles, caimens, and alligators)

Common Name Scientific Name Status
American alligator

Alligator mississippiensis

T

Caiman²

Caiman crocodilus

U

American crocodile Crocodylus acutus

T

Order Squamata (lizards and snakes)

Florida cottonmouth Agkistrodon piscivorous
Green anole Anolis caroliniensis
Knight anole² Anolis equestris

I,U

Brown anole Anolis sagrei

I

Florida scarlet snake Cemophora coccinea
Eastern racer Coluber constrictor
Boa constrictor² Constrictor constrictor

I,U

Eastern diamondback Crotalus adamanteus
Southern ringneck snake Diadophis punctatus
Eastern indigo snake Drymarchon corais

E

Corn snake Elaphae guttata
Yellow rat snake Elaphae obsoleta quadrivitatta
Everglades rat snake Elaphae obsoleta rossalleni
Southeastern five-lined skink Eumeces inexpectatus
Eastern mud snake Farancia abacura
Tokay gecko Gekko gecko

I

Indopacific gecko

Hemidactylus garnotii

I

Tropical house gecko Hemidactylus mabouia

I

Eastern hognose snake² Heterodon platyrhinos

U

Common iguana² Iguana iguana

I,U

Florida kingsnake Lempropeltis getulus
Scarlet kingsnake Lempropeltis triangulum
Eastern coachwhip² Masticophis flagellum

U

Eastern coral snake Micrurus fulvius
Mangrove salt marsh snake Nerodia clarkii

Florida water snake Nerodia fasciata
Florida green water snake Nerodia floridana

Brown water snake Nerodia taxispilota

Rough green snake Opheodrys aestivus
Island glass lizard Ophisaurus compressus
Eastern glass lizard² Ophisaurus ventralis

U

Burmese python Python molurus bivittatus

I

Brahminy blind snake Ramphotyphlops braminus

I

Striped crayfish snake Regina alleni
Ground skink Scincella lateralis
South florida swamp snake Seminatrix pygaea
Dusky pygmy rattlesnake Sistrurus miliarius
Florida geef gecko Sphaerodactylus notatus
Florida brown snake Storeia dekayi
Peninsula ribbon snake Thamnophis sauritus
Eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis

Order Testudines (turtles and tortoises)

Florida softshell Apalone ferox
Loggerhead Caretta caretta

T

Green turtle

Chelonia mydas

E

Florida snapping turtle

Chelydra serpentina

Florida chicken turtle Deirochelys reticularia
Atlantic leatherback Dermochelys coriacea

E

Atlantic hawksbill Eretmochelys imbricata

E

Gopher tortoise Gopherus ployphemus
Striped mud turtle

Kinosternon baurii

Florida mud turtle

Kinosternon subrubrum

Atlantic ridley Lepidochelys kempii

E

Diamondback terrapin

Malaclemys terrapin

Peninsula cooter

Pseudemys floridana

Floirda redbelly turtle

Pseudemys nelsoni

Stinkpot

Sternotherus ordoratus

Florida box turtle

Terrapene carolina

 

¹Meshaka, W.E., Loftus, W.F., and Steiner, T. (2000) The Herpetofauna of Everglades National Park. Florida Scientist, 63 (2), 84-103.

²Steiner, T., and Loftus, W.F. (1991) Amphibians & Reptiles of Everglades National Park. Miami: Everglades Association.

Did You Know?

Prescribed Fire in Everglades National Park

On April 21, 1958, Everglades National Park conducted the first prescribed fire for ecological management in both the Park and the National Park Service. This burn pioneered using fire as a resource management tool nationwide.