• Two-wheeled carretas carried goods up El Camino from Mexico City in 1598; walking the trail in the Jornada del Muerto, a scorching 90-mile stretch of El Camino wherein colonists had to leave the cool Rio Grande to continue their journey north

    El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro

    National Historic Trail NM,TX

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Traces of a dirt road, El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, stretch across a southern New Mexico desert landscape

There are two national wildlife refuges along El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro. Tens of thousands of sandhill cranes, arctic greese, and ducks spend winters at Bosque del Apache, while Sevilleta provides habitat for bighorn sheep, pronghorn, mule deer, mountain lion, and bear, as well as for birds.