Wijiji Bike Trail
Tom Lyttle & Donna Smith
Trailhead: Located opposite the campground. (1 1/4 miles east of the Visitor Center).
Distance: 3 miles roundtrip
Elevation gain: Mostly level
Time: 1 to 2 hours
Note: This trail provides a short easy ride to a Chacoan great house
Permit required: Obtain a free permit at the Visitor Center, from a campground host, or self register at trailhead.
Wijiji is the most symmetrical of all the great houses in Chaco Canyon. The building contained about 225 uniformly-sized rooms, arranged compactly around two kivas. The rear row of rooms was three stories high; stair-stepping down to two stories; with one-story rooms surrounding the plaza. The uniform construction at this great house suggests that it was built in a single, brief constructions surge between AD 1110 and 1115.
Several features typical of Chacoan great houses are missing at Wijiji. There is no great kiva in the plaza, although one is located 1/2 mile away. Wijiji lacks a midden (trash deposit). Another typical great house feature missing at Wijiji is the arc of connected rooms enclosing the plaza. Some researchers think the people never completed Wijiji, which would explain the lack of refuse, great kiva, and enclosed plaza.
Did You Know?
Among their many accomplishments, the CCC camp at Chaco planted 80,000 trees and 80,000 shrubs at Chaco between 1939 and 1941. They also cut poles and surveyed 375 miles for telephone line, built 1018 small dikes to control erosion, and constructed 3.2 miles of entrance road. More...