NPS Photo by Tom Lyttle
The Lewis Shale is an olive-gray marine shale thinly interbedded with claystone, siltstone and sandstone as well as scattered beds of limestone. It overlies the Cliff House Sandstone and is exposed only near the northern boundary of the park. This unit was deposited at water depths greater than the Cliff House Sandstone and represents the last significant transgression of the Western Interior Seaway into northwestern New Mexico. Few fossils have been found in the Lewis Shale unit within the park.
Did You Know?
Beginning in 1937 the CCC funded an experimental Mobil Unit to work on ruins stabilization. The crew was mostly Navajo and even had one female member. They passed their knowledge to future generations, and many members of the preservation crew today are related to the original team. More...