• The tidepools of Cabrillo National Monument

    Cabrillo

    National Monument California

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  • Lighthouse Will Be Closed for Seismic Retrofit April 7 through May 16

    The Lighthouse is undergoing a Seismic retrofit and will be closed from April 7 - May 16. Visitors can still access the Assistant Keepers Quarters exhibit from the south door, Lighthouse Comfort Station, and Kelp Forest Overlook. Call 619-557-5450.

  • Visitor Center Scheduled to be Closed May 19 through June 16

    The Visitor Center will be undergoing a Seismic Retrofit and will be closed. Visitors will still be able to access the Auditorium, Ballast View and the East Patio. These dates are subject to change. Please call 619 557-5450 for updated information

  • National Parks Week

    Come Join us during National Parks Week April 19-27. You can see the schedule here. More »

Military History and Coastal Defense

Bunker
For soldiers stationed here, Point Loma was an isolated and lonely sentinel.
NPS Photo
 

Military History – Lonely Sentinels

The Point Loma peninsula forms a natural protective barrier at the entrance to San Diego Bay, rising 422 feet to provide strategic views of the harbor and ocean. In 1852, the government of the United States recognized the importance of this sandstone rampart and designated the area as a military reserve. In 1899, the War Department dedicated Fort Rosecrans and built a series of gun batteries over the years. During World War I and II, military facilities on the Point provided vital coastal and harbor defense systems. Between 1918 and 1943, the Army constructed searchlight bunkers, fire control stations, and gun batteries. The largest guns were at Battery Ashburn, adjacent to the park entrance station, where two 16-inch guns could fire 2,300 pound shells nearly 30 miles out to sea.

 
Battery Ashburn
Massive 16-inch gun formerly at Battery Ashburn.  After the war, it was dismantled and sold for scrap.
NPS Photo
 

The military also painted the Old Point Loma Lighthouse olive green and used it as a command post and radio station.

Along the paths of Cabrillo National Monument sit the remains of coastal defenses built to protect the approaches to San Diego Bay. While visiting the park, you will find base-end stations, fire control stations, searchlight bunkers, a radio station which now houses an exhibit, and other remains of troubled times; lonely sentinels that now serve to guard our memories of the past.

 
Bunker
Relic coastal defense systems dot the Point Loma peninsula, including Cabrillo National Monument.
NPS Photo
 

Housed in an old radio station, the exhibit, “They Stood the Watch,” shares the story behind these remains, and ranger talks are often given on weekends. For those who wish to learn more, the Cabrillo National Monument Foundation bookstore, located in the Visitor Center, offers several titles about Fort Rosecrans and the military history of Point Loma.

 
Military History Exhibit
The exhibit, "They Stood the Watch," is housed in an old military radio station.
NPS Photo
 
Military History Exhibit
Interactive exhibits tell the story of Point Loma's coastal defense.
NPS Photo
 
Military History Exhibit
Our nation's history is revisited in "They Stood the Watch."
NPS Photo
 
A Harbor Worth Defending - Book
Authored by a former Cabrillo National Monument Park Ranger, "A Harbor Worth Defending" offers a detailed account of Point Loma's coastal defense.
NPS Photo
 

Photographic Tour of the Base End Station

View a photographic tour of the Base End Station at Cabrillo National Monument here.

Did You Know?

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Did you know that Cabrillo National Monument has joined with the other federal and City landowners on the Point Loma peninsula to form the Point Loma Ecological Conservation Area (PLECA)? The five agencies collaborate to manage nearly 700 acres of protected and endangered habitat.