• Purple, yellow, gold and orange sponges and soft corals wave against a turquioise sea.

    Biscayne

    National Park Florida

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  • Boat Tours, Paddle-craft Rentals and Select Conveniences Temporarily Unavailable

    Glass-bottom, snorkel, diving and island boat tours, and rentals for canoes and other paddle-craft, are temporarily unavailable. The park is working to resolve the issue as soon as possible and regrets the inconvenience. Limited snack items are available.

Threatened and Endangered Plants in Biscayne National Park

A rare Semaphore cactus from Biscayne National Park

The Semaphore Cactus occurs naturally in only two places on earth, one of which is Biscayne National Park

National Park Service

The following plants are listed as threatened or endangered under the Federal and/or State classification system and have confirmed or suspected occurrence in Biscayne National Park. Any take, harvest, harm, or any other form of interference with these species is strictly prohibited. If you are lucky enough to observe any of these species during your visit to Biscayne National Park, cherish the sighting but please do not engage in any activities that will result in harm to the plant.

The list below pertains only to the plant species that are likely to be observed in Biscayne National Park. Park managers document sightings of threatened and endangered species in the park, and visitors are encouraged to report their sightings (click here to report your sighting). Please provide as much information as possible (such as the date, specific location, and number and size(s), of observed plants, as well as your level of certainty of species identification). Photographs documenting your observation are strongly encouraged, particularly with very rare species.

To visit Biscayne's threatened and endangered animals page, please click here. For a complete list of federally listed threatened and endangered species, please click here. For a complete list of state listed threatened and endangered species, please click here.

Common Name(s)

Federal Classification Listing

State Classification Listing

Bahama ladder brake

-

Threatened

Banded wild-pine (Twisted airplant)

-

Threatened

Beach jacquemontia

Endangered

Endangered

Beach peanut

-

Endangered

Blacktorch

-

Threatened

Brown’s Indian rosewood

-

Endangered

Butterflybush (Curacao bush)

-

Endangered

Caribbean princewood

-

Endangered

Cinnamon bark (Pepper cinnamon)

-

Endangered

Cinnecord

-

Endangered

Climbing vine fern

-

Endangered

Coffee colubrina (Greenheart)

-

Endangered

Coral pancium

-

Endangered

Darlingplum

-

Threatened

Dildoe cactus

-

Threatened

Dollar orchid

-

Endangered

Erect pricklypear

-

Threatened

Florida boxwood

-

Endangered

Florida Keys blackbead

-

Threatened

Florida mayten

-

Threatened

Giant wild-pine (Giant airplant)

-

Endangered

Golden leather fern

-

Threatened

Green thatch palm (Florida thatch palm)

-

Endangered

Guiana plum

-

Threatened

Havana greenbrier (Everglades greenbrier)

-

Threatened

Ironwood (Redberry stopper)

-

Endangered

Joewood

-

Threatened

Johnson’s seagrass

Threatened

-

Lignumvitae

-

Endangered

Locustberry

-

Threatened

Mahogany mistletoe

-

Endangered

Manchineel

-

Endangered

Mangrove mallow (Swampbush)

-

Endangered

Marsh’s dutchman’s pipe

-

Endangered

Milkbark (Whitewood)

-

Endangered

Mullein nightshade

-

Threatened

Nakedwood (Soldierwood)

-

Endangered

Parasitic ghostplant

-

Endangered

Paurotis palm

-

Threatened

Pearlberry (Tearshrub)

-

Endangered

Pinepink

-

Threatened

Porter’s sandmat

-

Endangered

Prickly applecactus

-

Endangered

Red stopper

-

Endangered

Reflexed wild-pine (Northern needleleaf)

-

Threatened

Sargent’s cherry palm (Buccaneer palm)

-

Endangered

Satinleaf

-

Threatened

Sea lavendar

-

Endangered

Semaphore cactus

Candidate

Endangered

Silver palm

-

Threatened

Silver thatch palm (Brittle thatch palm)

-

Endangered

Simpson’s applecactus

-

Endangered

Smooth strongback (Bahama strongbark)

-

Endangered

Southern fogfruit

-

Endangered

Spicewood

-

Threatened

Stiff-leaved wild-pine (Cardinal airplant)

-

Endangered

Swartz’s snoutbean

-

Endangered

Twindberry (Simpson’s stopper)

-

Threatened

West Indian cock’s comb

-

Endangered

West Indian mahogany

-

Threatened

West Indian trema (Pain-in-the-back)

-

Endangered

Whiteflower passionflower

-

Endangered

Wild cotton (upland cotton)

-

Endangered

Wild dilly

-

Threatened

Yellow nicker bean

-

Endangered

Did You Know?

A fishing rod and reel await use at sunset.

Biscayne National Park offers a FREE educational fishing clinic! Learn more about angling on Biscayne's aquamarine waters, refresh your fish ID skills, get updates on regulations and why they're important, and learn about choosing and maintaining tackle and gear from long-time local fishing guides. More...