• Purple, yellow, gold and orange sponges and soft corals wave against a turquioise sea.

    Biscayne

    National Park Florida

Threatened and Endangered Animals in Biscayne National Park

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An endangered Hawksbill sea turtle finds refuge in a reef.

NPS

The following animals are listed as threatened or endangered under the Federal and/or State classification system. Therefore any take, harvest, harassment, harm, or any other interference with these species is strictly prohibited. If you are lucky enough to observe any of these animals during your visit to Biscayne National Park, cherish the sighting but please do not interfere with the animal's natural behavior and activities. Park managers document sightings of threatened and endangered species in the park, and visitors are encouraged to report their sightings (click here to report your sighting). Please provide as much information as possible (such as the date, specific location, and number and size(s), of observed plants, as well as your level of certainty of species identification). Photographs documenting your observation are strongly encouraged, particularly with very rare species.

This list includes animal species that are likely to be observed in Biscayne National Park. For a complete list of federally listed threatened and endangered species, please click here. For a complete list of state listed threatened and endangered animals species, please click here. To learn about threatened and endangered plants in Biscayne National Park, please click here.

Occurrence in Biscayne National Park

Federal Classification Listing

State Classification Listing

MARINE INVERTEBRATES

Pillar coral

Rare

-

Endangered

Elkhorn coral

Common

Threatened

-

Staghorn coral

Common

Threatened

-

TERRESTRIAL INVERTEBRATES

Florida tree snail

Occasional

-

Special Concern

Miami blue butterfly

Rare

Endangered

Endangered

Schaus swallowtail butterfly

Rare

Endangered

Endangered

FISH

Smalltooth sawfish

Rare

Endangered

-

REPTILES

American alligator

Uncommon

Similarity of appearance

Special Concern

American crocodile

Occasional

Threatened

Endangered

Eastern indigo snake

Rare

Threatened

Endangered

Sea Turtle- green

Common

Endangered

Endangered

Sea Turtle- hawksbill

Common

Endangered

Endangered

Sea Turtle- Kemp's ridley

Rare

Endangered

Endangered

Sea Turtle- leatherback

Rare

Endangered

Endangered

Sea Turtle- loggerhead

Common

Threatened

Threatened

BIRDS

Brown Pelican

Common

Delisted- recovery

Special Concern

Least tern

Common

-

Threatened

Little blue heron

Common

-

Special Concern

Osprey

Common

Special Concern

Special Concern

Piping plover

Uncommon

Threatened

Threatened

Reddish egret

Occasional

Special Concern

Special Concern

Roseate spoonbill

Uncommon

-

Special Concern

Snowy egret

Common

-

Special Concern

Southeastern American kestrel

Uncommon

Special Concern

Threatened

Tricolored heron

Common

-

Special Concern

White ibis

Common

-

Special Concern

White-crowned pigeon

Common

Special Concern

Threatened

Wood stork

Occasional

Endangered

Endangered

MARINE MAMMALS

Fin (finback) whale

Rare, if at all

Endangered

Endangered

Florida manatee

Common

Endangered

Endangered

Humpback whale

Rare, if at all

Endangered

Endangered

North Atlantic right whale

Rare, if at all

Endangered

Endangered

Sei whale

Rare, if at all

Endangered

Endangered

Sperm whale

Rare, if at all

Endangered

Endangered

TERRESTRIAL MAMMALS

Key Largo woodrat

Historical, not known to occur presently

Endangered

Endangered

Key Largo cotton mouse

Historical, not known to occur presently

Endangered

Endangered



Additionally, the following animal species which occur in Biscayne National Park are protected from harvest by state, federal, or international regulations. These species are not classified as threatened or endangered, but the special protection measures ensure the long term survival and sustainability of these species.

· All stony corals
· Fire corals
· Sea fans
· Queen conch
· Bahama starfish
· Longspine sea urchin (Diadema)
· Nassau grouper
· Goliath grouper
· Manta ray
· Spotted eagle ray
· Spearfish- Longbill, Mediterranean, and Roundscale
· Sturgeon
· Sharks - many species are protected. Visit www.myfwc.com for a complete list.
· All marine mammals
· All ornamental tropical fish, plants & invertebrates (regulation applies to Biscayne National Park)
· Sponges (regulation applies to Biscayne National Park)
· Lobsters (within the Biscayne Bay Lobster Sanctuary- click here for more details)

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