• Purple, yellow, gold and orange sponges and soft corals wave against a turquioise sea.

    Biscayne

    National Park Florida

There are park alerts in effect.
hide Alerts »
  • Boat Tours, Paddle-craft Rentals and Select Conveniences Temporarily Unavailable

    Glass-bottom, snorkel, diving and island boat tours, and rentals for canoes and other paddle-craft, are temporarily unavailable. The park is working to resolve the issue as soon as possible and regrets the inconvenience. Limited snack items are available.

Crustaceans

Nature and Science

Giant land crabs can grow to a clawtip-to-clawtip measurement of 12 inches!

The following crustaceans have been documented in Biscayne National Park. The table below is not exhaustive, and documented sightings of species not on this list are welcome. Submit your sightings to the webmaster.

Category

Scientific Name

Common Name, if available

Amphipod

Bemlos unicornis

Dulichiella appendiculata

Shoemakerella cubensis

Barnacle

Lepas anatifera

smooth gooseneck barnacle

Tetraclita squamosa

Crab

Aranaeus cribrarius

speckled crab

Aratus pisonii

mangrove tree crab

Arenaeus cribrarius

speckled crab

Calappa gallus

rough box crab

Callinectes ornatus

blue crab

Callinectes sapidus

blue crab

Callinectes similis

blue crab

Cardisoma guanhumi

Giant land crab

Cataleptodius floridanus

spoonfinger rubble crab

Clibanarius tricolor

blue-legged hermit crab

Coenobita clypeatus

Caribbean hermit crab

Cryptodromiopsis antillensis

Decorator Crab

Cyclograpsus integer

globose shore crab

Glyptoxanthus erosus

eroded mud crab

Menippe mercenaria

stone crab

Microphrys bicornutus

speck-claw decorator crab

Mithraculus forceps

red-ridged clinging crab

Mithrax forceps

red-ridged clinging crab

Mithrax verrucosus

paved clinging crab

Neopanope packardii

Florida grassflat crab

Pachygrapsus transversus

mottled shore crab

Panopeus herbstii

black-fingered mud crab

Petrochirus bahamensis

giant hermit crab

Petrochirus diogenes

giant hermit crab

Portunus sayi

sargassum swimming crab

Portunus spinimanus

blotched swimming crab

Stenocionops furcatus

spider crab

Stenorhynchus seticornis

yellowline arrow crab

Cumacean

Leucon americanus

Isopod

Amakusanthura magnifica

Erichsonella attenuata

Ligia baudiniana

Paracerceis caudata

Lobster

Panulirus argus

Caribbean spiny lobster

Panulirus guttatus

spotted spiny lobster

Scyllarides aequinoctialis

shovel-nose slipper lobster

Scyllarides nodifer

slipper lobster

Mantis shrimp

Neogonodactylus oerstedii

swollen-claw mantis

Pseudosquilla ciliata

ciliated false squilla

Shrimp

Alpheus edwardsi

Snapping shrimp

Farfantepenaeus duorarum

pink shrimp

Hippolyte zostericola

zostera shrimp

Latreutes fucorum

slender sargassum shrimp

Penaeus aztecus

brown shrimp

Periclimenes pedersoni

symbiotic cleaner shrimp

Thor amboinensis

Squat Anemone Shrimp

Tozeuma carolinense

arrow shrimp

Tanaidacean

Hoplomachus propinquus

Leptochelia savignyi



 
undefined
Spiny Lobsters utilize Biscayne National Park for its variety of habitats.  Adults such as this one prefer patch reefs, ledges and rocky hardbottoms
NPS

Did You Know?

Wreck of the <i>Mandalay</i>

Biscayne National Park's Maritime Heritage Trail is the only underwater archaeological trail in the National Park System. The "Shipwreck Trail" includes six wrecks spanning a century of maritime history. More...