• Red cliffs descend into the water of Bighorn Canyon

    Bighorn Canyon

    National Recreation Area MT,WY

Historic Ranches

Photos of the Bighorn Canyon Historic Ranches

Clockwise, Ewing-Snell, Mason-Lovell, Caroline Lockhart ranches and Hillsboro

NPS Photos

Bighorn Canyon has four historic ranches. They are each different, but have several similarities.

  • Each ranch was remote and tucked away in a valley or near a hillside, sheltered from the harsh climate.
  • Water ran through the sites making orchards and vegetable gardens common place.
  • Cattle and horses roamed the surrounding pasture lands while milk cows and chickens were kept closer.
    It all sounds wonderful, but if you could ask the inhabitants, they would tell you it was a lot of hard work. The individuals that lived at these ranches had their own goals and ideas behind moving to the remote area of Bighorn Canyon.

(Disabled Access: For those who have a permanent disability and would like to access one of the historic ranches, please contact the front desk at the Bighorn Canyon Visitor Center at 307-548-5406 at least 48 hours in advance to arrange your visit.)

Henry Clay Lovell was drawn to the area in 1883 by the open range. With the backing of Anthony L. Mason, Lovell established what was to be called the ML Ranch. During its heyday, the ranch ran an estimate 24,000 cattle as far south as Thermopolis and as far north as the Crow Reservation in Montana. Although the harsh winter of 1886-87 cut the herd in half, Lovell continued to ranch until his death in 1903.

Erastus T. Ewing came in 1896 with his family and his partners in search of gold. After finding only a minimal amount of gold, the partners left, but the Ewing family stayed and turned to ranching. After changing hands a couple of times, Philip and Alma Snell purchased the ranch in 1920. The Ewing/Snell Ranch is now named after the man who established it and the family that lived there the longest.

Grosvener W. Barry was drawn to the canyon by gold in 1903 and realized that he wasn't going to get rich. Being a promoter at heart, Barry and his family turned to dude ranching. He advertised his Cedarvale Ranch at Hillsboro, Montana as a sportsman's paradise, where guests could stay all summer. Barry is credited with being the first person to recognize and exploit the recreational opportunities of Bighorn Canyon.

Caroline Lockhart came later and was not the first resident at her ranch. She purchased what is now the Lockhart Ranch in 1926 as a retreat. By this point she had been a correspondent for the Boston Post, the Philadelphia Bulletin, and the Denver Post, and had published six novels. She had hoped that the pace of ranch life would allow her time to write more. She found, however, that ranching was hard work. When three loads of her steers topped the market in Omaha in 1953, Caroline must have felt that her hard work had paid off. In 1955 she sold the ranch and moved back to Cody, Wyoming.

Now abandoned by their previous tenants, these ranches are an important part of the Bighorn Canyon story. Visitors are invited to walk around and imagine how life was for the hardy folks that called these places home.


Did You Know?

View of the monocline looking north from Dryhead

Over the past 65 million years, with a dramatic increase the last 5 million years, 5800 to 7500 feet of rock layers have eroded off the top of Bighorn Canyon. More...