• Long House in Frijoles Canyon

    Bandelier

    National Monument New Mexico

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  • Access by Shuttle Bus Only

    Through October 27, 2014 all access to the most visited part of the park, Frijoles Canyon, will be via a mandatory shuttle bus from the nearby community of White Rock from 9 AM - 3 PM daily. Private cars may drive in before 9 AM or after 3 PM. More »

Stone Tools

obsidian quarry

Obsidian was quarried in the local area.

Photo by Sally King

OBSIDIAN
Obsidian, a form of volcanic glass, was mined in the local area. Obsidian is very hard and breaks in very sharp edges, making it an excellent choice for arrowpoints and scrappers. The local obsidian is good quality for tool making and was traded far and wide.
 
basalt axe

Basalt was used mostly for pounding and cutting tools.

NPS Collection

BASALT
Basalt is also a very hard, dark rock. It was used mostly for pounding and cutting tools such as hammers and axes. Like obsidian, basalt is found locally mostly in the southern section of the monument.

Did You Know?

Dog Petroglyph from Long House

The Ancestral Pueblo people carved petroglyphs into the soft tuff rock above many of the dwellings built along the cliffs.