• Long House in autumn


    National Monument New Mexico

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  • Access by Shuttle Bus Only

    Through October 27, 2014 all access to the most visited part of the park, Frijoles Canyon, will be via a mandatory shuttle bus from the nearby community of White Rock from 9 AM - 3 PM daily. Private cars may drive in before 9 AM or after 3 PM. More »

Stone Tools

obsidian quarry

Obsidian was quarried in the local area.

Photo by Sally King

Obsidian, a form of volcanic glass, was mined in the local area. Obsidian is very hard and breaks in very sharp edges, making it an excellent choice for arrowpoints and scrappers. The local obsidian is good quality for tool making and was traded far and wide.
basalt axe

Basalt was used mostly for pounding and cutting tools.

NPS Collection

Basalt is also a very hard, dark rock. It was used mostly for pounding and cutting tools such as hammers and axes. Like obsidian, basalt is found locally mostly in the southern section of the monument.

Did You Know?

Upper Falls

Frijoles Creek drops approximately 80 feet over the Upper Falls. The falls occur where the waters of Frijoles Creek hit the more resistant, dense basalt rock from the neck of an ancient volcano.