• Long House in autumn


    National Monument New Mexico

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  • Access by Shuttle Bus Only

    Through October 27, 2014 all access to the most visited part of the park, Frijoles Canyon, will be via a mandatory shuttle bus from the nearby community of White Rock from 9 AM - 3 PM daily. Private cars may drive in before 9 AM or after 3 PM. More »

Archaic Hunter-Gatherers


Smaller game such as rabbits and deer became the hunted when larger game such as bison and mammoths became extinct.

photo by sally king

During the Archaic Period (6000 BCE - 1150 CE), nomadic groups of people continued to adapt to a changing climate by eating a more diverse diet of smaller game and many varieties of edible plants, fruits, and nuts.

Fruits and nuts were also an important food source for the Archaic people.

photo by sally king

Archaic peoples moved less than their Paleoindian predecessors, but still followed the seasonal availability of important food sources. Here at Bandelier, rabbits, deer, piñon nuts, and wild grass seeds played a major role in Archaic people’s survival. The use of pottery would not have been practical for these nomadic people. Hand-woven yucca and willow baskets were probably used for gathering and storing plants, nuts and other wild foods. Around 1150, the Ancestral Pueblo people began to move into this area from other locations.

Did You Know?

Pinon cone with nuts

Pinon nuts are rich in vitamins, flavor, and calories (3,000 per pound). Although produced in abundance only every 7 to 10 years, these nuts were a valuable native food source for the Ancestral Pueblo people. More...