• Double O Arch

    Arches

    National Park Utah

Scarlet Monkey-flower (Eastwood's Monkey-flower)

Mimulus eastwoodiae

Mimulus eastwoodiae

Family: Scrophulariaceae - Figwort Family

Perennial herbs; stems 2.8” to 1.4' (7 to 43 cm) tall

Leaves: opposite; simple; toothed; fan shaped; lower leaves 0.2” to 0.8” (0.5 to 2 cm) long; upper leaves larger 0.8” to 2.8” (2 to 7 cm) long

Flowers: 5 united lobed scarlet/orange-red tubular petals (irregular flowers with upper lip 2 lobed, lower lip 3 lobed), 5 angled sepals; 4 stamens; showy flowers; bilaterally symmetrical; bisexual; flowers 1” to 1.8” (25 to 45 mm) long

Pollinators: other Mimulus species are pollinated by insects and hummingbirds

Fruits: 2 chambered capsule (dry fruit)

Blooms in Arches National Park: September, October

Habitat in Arches National Park: seeps and hanging gardens

Location seen: outside Arches National Park in hanging garden on Corona Arch trail

Other: The genus name, “Mimulus”, is from the Latin “mimus” meaning “mimic” referring to the flowers mimicking a monkey's face or possibly to the monkey-like resemblance of the plant hanging from alcove ceilings. The species name, “eastwoodiae”, honors Alice Eastwood (1859-1953), a curator of botany at the California Academy of Sciences.

The family is of important because of many ornamentals and cardiac glycosides can be derived from foxglove.

Did You Know?

Pinyon Pine

Pinyon trees do not produce pine nuts every year. These delicious nuts can only be harvested every three to seven years. This irregular schedule prevents animals from adapting to an abundance of pine nuts and guarantees that at least some nuts will become new trees instead of a quick meal.