Dwarf Evening-primrose (Tufted Evening-primrose; White Tufted Evening-primrose; Morning-lily; Handkerchief Plant)
Family: Onagraceae (Evening-primrose Family)
Perennial herbs from taproots; stems to 2' (6 dm) long
Leaves: leaves in a basal rosette with some leaves possibly alternate along stem; simple; margin entire, toothed, lobed or cleft to the midline; 0.6” to 12” (1.5 to 30 cm) long, 0.2” to 1.6” (0.5 to 4 cm) wide
Flowers: 4 white petals, 4 sepals; 8 stamens; stigma 4 lobed; bisexual; usually radially symmetrical; fragrant; petals 0.8” to 2.4” (2 to 6 cm) long; flowers are usually open in late afternoon or evening; petals fade to pink after pollination
Pollinators: hawkmoths (White-lined sphinx moth - Hyles ), and bees (specifically Lasioglossum, Centris, Xylocopa, Andrena)
Fruits: 4 chambered capsule
Blooms in Arches National Park: March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, early November
Habitat in Arches National Par : desert shrub, grassland and pinyon-juniper communities
Location seen: park road mile 0 to 8
Other: The genus name, “Oenothera”, means “wine-scented” and refers to the use of the roots in winemaking. The species name, “caespitosa”, means “low growing” and refers to the stature of the plant flowers.
Did You Know?
Pinyon trees do not produce pine nuts every year. These delicious nuts can only be harvested every three to seven years. This irregular schedule prevents animals from adapting to an abundance of pine nuts and guarantees that at least some nuts will become new trees instead of a quick meal.