Showy Stoneseed (Puccoon; Fringed Gromwell)
Family: Boraginaceae – Borage Family
Perennial herbs from a taproot; stems 3.9” to 1.6' (1 to 5 dm) tall
Leaves: alternate; simple; hairy; linear; entire margins; 0.4” to 2” (10 to 50 mm) long
Flowers: 5 united yellow tubular trumpet-shaped petals with wavy lobes; 5 sepals; 5 stamens; 2 carpels; flowers in racemes; bisexual; flowers 0.4” to 1.2” (10 to 30 mm) long
Fruits: 4 nutlets
Blooms in Arches National Park: March, April, May
Habitat in Arches National Park: desert shrub and pinyon-juniper communities
Location seen: Fiery Furnace
Other: The genus name, “Lithospermum”, means “stone seed” which refers to the hard nutlet. The species name, “incisum”, means “somewhat cut or toothed” which refers to the lobes of the flower.
The classification of this family is based primarily upon the structure of the fruit.
Did You Know?
Pinyon trees do not produce pine nuts every year. These delicious nuts can only be harvested every three to seven years. This irregular schedule prevents animals from adapting to an abundance of pine nuts and guarantees that at least some nuts will become new trees instead of a quick meal.