The Delicate Arch Viewpoint Road is closed. All other roads and trails remain open, but many trails are snowy, icy, and dangerous. Please inquire at the visitor center for the most up-to-date conditions.
Construction Update - 11/25/2013
Construction work continues at the Devils Garden parking lot, limiting parking and causing occasional delays. Visitors can avoid the area by turning around at Sand Dune Arch. More »
Fremont's Mahonia (Fremont's Barberry)
Family: Berberidaceae – Barberry Family
Evergreen shrubs. Mahonia is the only genus from this family represented at Arches National Park. This plant is 5' to 9.8' (15 to 30 dm) tall; the inner bark is yellow.
Leaves: alternate; pinnately compound; spiny-toothed bluish green thick evergreen leaves that look like holly leaves, but not related to holly; 3 to 9 leaflets; no hairs; 0.4” to 1.2” (1 to 3 cm) long, 0.24” to 1.2” (0.6 to 3 cm) wide
Flowers: 6 yellow petals (approximately 0.5 inch wide); 3 sepals closely subtended by 3 bracts or 6; 6 stamens; 1 pistil; fragrant
Fruits: purplish or reddish berry, hollow
Blooms in Arches National Park: April, May
Habitat in Arches National Park: desert shrub and pinyon-juniper communities
Location seen: Fiery Furnace, outside Arches National Park in Negro Bill Canyon, outside Arches National Park on Portal trail
Other: The genus name, “Mahonia”, honors Benard McMahon (1755-1816), an American horticulturist. The species name, “fremontii”, honors explorer John Charles Fremont (1813-1890).
Did You Know?
In the late 1800s, John Wesley Wolfe, a disabled Civil War veteran, and his son, Fred, built a homestead in what is now Arches National Park. A weathered log cabin, root cellar, and corral remain as evidence of the primitive ranch they operated for more than 10 years.