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Vanclevea stylosa

Vanclevea stylosa

Family: Asteraceae (A Utah Flora – Compositae) – Sunflower Family

Shrubs; 1.6' to 3.9' (5 to 12 dm) tall; branchlets and bracts are sticky (resinous)

Leaves: alternate; simple; entire; 0.24” to 1.4” (0.6 to 3.5 cm) long, 0.04” to 0.36” (1 to 9 mm) wide

Flowers: yellow disk flowers; flower head appears to be a single flower, but is composed of several flowers (a composite). Flowers are perfect and 0.24” to 0.28” (6 to 7 mm) long

Pollinators: other genera in this family are pollinated by insects

Fruits: achene – 1 seeded with hard shell

Blooms in Arches National Park: June, July, August, September, October, November

Habitat in Arches National Park: sandy sites in desert shrub and pinyon-juniper communities

Location seen: Visitor Center area, Windows primitive trailhead, Broken Arch trail, Devils Garden campground, Devils Garden trail

Other: The genus name, “Vanclevea”, honors J. W. Van Cleve, a botanist of Dayton, Ohio, who died in 1860 or 1861. The species name, “stylosa”, means “with a prominent or well-developed style”.

This plant is a Colorado Plateau endemic and occurs in Emery, Garfield, Grand, Kane, San Juan and Wayne Counties in Utah and Coconino and Navajo Counties in Arizona.

This family is the most advanced and complex of the dicots. The family is rich in oils and resins and is found in every part of the world, but is infrequent in the tropical rainforest. Aquatic or semi-aquatic species are also uncommon.

Did You Know?

Detail of petroglyph panel

Native Americans never inhabited Arches on a year-round basis, though they certainly roamed the area searching for wild game, useful plants and rocks for tool-making. Petroglyphs near Wolfe Ranch are thought to have been created by Indians from the Ute/Paiute cultures. More...