Parry's Biscuitroot (Parry's Lomatium)
Family: Apiaceae (A Utah Flora – Umbelliferae) - Carrot or Parsley Family
Perennial herbs from taproots; some strongly aromatic; stems usually stout, furrowed, with hollow internodes; 3.2” to 1.3' (8 to 40 cm) tall
Leaves: basal; compound; can have hairs; leaflet including leaf stalk is 4” to 16” (10 to 40 cm) long
Flowers: 5 small yellow (turn white with age) petals; 5 sepals or lacking; 5 stamens; 1 pistil; 2 styles; bisexual; small yellow flowers in clusters (compound umbel); flower cluster 0.6” to 1.2” (1.5 to 3 cm) wide.
Pollinators: other Lomatium species are pollinated by insects
Fruits: schizocarp; flat and wide with lateral wings – splits into 2 halves, each 1 seeded
Blooms in Arches National Park: February, March, April
Habitat in Arches National Park: desert shrub and pinyon-juniper communities
Location seen: Devils Garden trail on primitive loop, Fiery Furnace
Other: The genus name, “Lomatium”, comes from the Greek "loma" for "bordered or fringed" and refers to the prominent winged fruits. The species name, “parryi”, honors Charles Christopher Parry (1823-1890), the first official botanist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture and a collector with the Pacific Railway Survey.
The family identification depends on anatomical details of fruits and seeds.
Did You Know?
Lizards, including the colorful collared lizard, are one of the most frequently seen animals at Arches. When not chasing flies or basking in the sun, they are often seen doing what appears to be push-ups. This odd dance might enhance their stereoscopic vision, helping them see what's looking back at them.