Lesson Plan

The O'odham

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Grade Level:
Upper Elementary: Third Grade through Fifth Grade
Literacy and Language Arts,Social Studies
Lesson Duration:
90 Minutes
Common Core Standards:
4.RI.1, 4.RI.2, 4.RI.3, 4.RI.4, 5.RI.1, 5.RI.2, 5.RI.3, 5.RI.4, 3.RI.1, 3.RI.2, 3.RI.3, 3.RI.4, K.SL.1, K.SL.2, K.SL.3, K.SL.4, 1.SL.1, 1.SL.1.a, 1.SL.1.b, 1.SL.1.c, 2.SL.1, 2.SL.1.a, 2.SL.2, 1.SL.4, 1.SL.2, 1.SL.3, 3.SL.1, 3.SL.1.c, 3.SL.2, 3.SL.3, 3.SL.4
State Standards:
Arizona State Standards
Social Studies
S1 C2 PO1
S1 C2 PO2
S1 C3 PO3
S4 C5 PO1
S1 C4 PO2
S1 C4 PO3
S1 C6 PO1
S1 C6 PO2
S2 C1 PO1
S2 C1 PO5
S1 C1 PO1
S1 C1 PO5
S4 C1 PO2
S4 C3 PO1
Thinking Skills:
Remembering: Recalling or recognizing information ideas, and principles. Understanding: Understand the main idea of material heard, viewed, or read. Interpret or summarize the ideas in own words.


Students will read short articles and then participate in simulated O'odham cultural activities to include an O’odham language lesson and role-playing various daily tasks such as food preparation, games, weaving and pot making.

Students will place a fictional O'odham village along a Santa Cruz River map while using their knowledge of cultural needs and climate restrictions. They will describe the advantages of their chosen site and draw a sketch of their village


These lessons explore the history and traditions of a tribe in the Arizona region and can be used as a nation-wide enrichment resource for Native American Studies, typically in kindergarten and fourth grade curriculums. All states and curriculums can use the reading materials for guided reading (grades 3-5) or read aloud (grades K-3) to supplement their own regional studies of Native American history.

There are two activities, basket weaving with paper and clay pot molding that can be used as independent center activities, while the others require teacher-led instruction or guidance.


Follow the procedures listed in the lesson plan document. You may use the art activities as centers after read aloud/guided reading.


metate, mano, ki, ramada, Indian, Oodham, village, traditional games, language, weaving, pottery, stick game, stories

Enrichment Activities

 -Use the O’odham recording from the Encounters Box, red section, to teach “An O’odham Language Lesson,” Consider expanding the O’odham language lesson to include counting and colors.

- Have students make their own name tags including a sketch of their O’odham name.

- Invite an O’odham person from San Xavier, Sells or the Gila River Reservation to speak to your class or school.

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Last updated: August 18, 2015