USGS Volcano Observatories

photo of a person wearing a flight suit and helmet working in a lava field with a helicopter on the ground in the distance
USGS scientists deploying temporary seismic instruments at Kīlauea on 1/1/2021. Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, Hawaii.

USGS photo.


There are five volcano observatories operated by USGS Volcano Hazards Program. The Volcano Hazards Program's mission is, "to enhance public safety and minimize social and economic disruption from eruptions through delivery of effective forecasts, warnings, and information of volcano hazards based on scientific understanding of volcanic processes." Activities include:

  • Monitoring active volcanoes,

  • Evaluating volcanic hazards,

  • Conducting scientific investigations, and

  • Providing public information and warnings.

Volcano Observatories

Last updated: August 23, 2022