Southeast and Caribbean Islands
Millennial-Scale Sustainability of the Chesapeake Bay Native American Oyster Fishery
by: Torben C. Rick, Leslie A. Reeder-Myers, Courtney A. Hofman, Denise Brietburg, Rowan Lockwood, Gregory Henkes, Lisa Kellogg, Darrin Lowery, Mark W. Luckenbach, Roger Mann, Matthew B. Ogburn, Melissa Southworth, John Wah, James Wesson, & Anson H. Hines
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2016) 113(23): 6568-6573
Key words: Historical Baseline, Archaeological Shellfish, Fossil Shellfish, Marine Fisheries, Environmental Management
Estuaries around the world are in a state of decline following decades or more of overfishing, pollution, and climate change. Oysters (Ostreidae), ecosystem engineers in many estuaries, influence water quality, construct habitat, and provide food for humans and wildlife. In North America’s Chesapeake Bay, once-thriving eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) populations have declined dramatically, making their restoration and conservation extremely challenging. Here authors present data on oyster size and human harvest from Chesapeake Bay archaeological sites spanning ∼3,500 y of Native American, colonial, and historical occupation.
Sci-TEK: A GIS-Based Multidisciplinary Method for Incorporating Traditional Ecological Knowledge into Louisiana’s Coastal Restoration Decision-Making Process
by: Matthew B. Bethel, Lynn F. Brien, Michelle M. Esposito, Corey T. Miller, Honora S. Buras, Shirley B. Laska, Rosina Philippe, Kristina J. Peterson, & Carol Parsons Richards
Journal of Coastal Research (2014) 30(5):1081-1099
Key words: Remote sensing, Restoration prioritization, Spatial multicriteria decision analysis, Stakeholder engagement
Making more informed coastal restoration and protection decisions has become increasingly important given limited resources available for ecosystem restoration projects and the increasing magnitude of marsh and barrier island degradation, and associated land loss, across Louisiana’s coast. An interdisciplinary team investigated the feasibility and benefits of integrating the traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of a coastal population with geospatial technology and scientific data sets to assess how the resulting knowledge might inform project planning and implementation for coastal restoration.
Blending Geospacial Technology and Traditional Ecological Knowledge to Enhance Restoration Decision-Support Processes in Coastal Louisiana
by: Matthew B. Bethel, Lynn F. Brien, Emily J. Danielson, Shirley B. Laska, John P. Troutman, William M. Boshart, Marco J. Giardino, & Maurice A. Phillips.
Journal of Coastal Research (2011) 27(3):555-571
Key words: Restoration, GIS, Land Loss, Marsh Health, Community Vulnerability, Grand Bayou
More informed coastal restoration decisions have become increasingly important given limited resources available for restoration projects and the increasing magnitude of marsh degradation and loss across the Gulf Coast. This research investigated the feasibility and benefits of integrating geospatial technology with the traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of an indigenous Louisiana coastal population to assess the impacts of current and historical ecosystem change on community viability.
A Climate Change Adaptation Plan in response to sea-level rise for the Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana
United States Geological Survey (USGS)
This project will use existing climate change scenarios and sea-level rise projections to create a Climate Change Adaptation Plan in collaboration with the Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana. This Plan can be used as a model for climate adaptation in other small communities, in addition to engaging the Chitimacha through educational opportunities for children and adults, including an internship at the university- or professional-level; by providing data transfer of historic aerial photography, land loss maps, and other geospatial tools and assistance; and by facilitating Chitimacha attendance at Traditional Ecological Knowledge workshops at Oklahoma University and the South Central Climate Science Center.
Piedmont-South Atlantic Coast
Southern Appalachian Mountains
Is Local Ecological Knowledge A Useful Conservation Tool for Small Mammals in a Caribbean Multicultural Landscape?
By: Samuel T. Turvey, Cristina Fernández-Secades, Jose M. Nuñez-Miño, Tom Hart, Pedro Martinez, Jorge L. Brocca, & Richard P. Young
Key words: Charismatic Species, Ethnotaxonomy, Interview Survey, Plagiodontia, Solenodon
Local ecological knowledge is an increasingly used, cost-effective source of data for conservation research and management. However, untrained observers are more likely to provide meaningful information on species that are charismatic and easily identifiable (e.g. large-bodied vertebrates) or of socio-economic importance, and may ignore or misidentify smaller-bodied, elusive and non-charismatic species. These problems may be further exacerbated by variation in environmental awareness and perception between different socio-cultural and ethnic groups often present across the range of threatened non-charismatic species.