Pacific Northwest

Pacific Northwest

Indian time: time, seasonality, and culture in Traditional Ecological Knowledge of climate change
By: Samantha Chisholm Hatfield, Elizabeth Marino, Kyle Powys Whyte, Kathie D. Dello, and Philip W. Mote
July 9, 2018
Key words: cultural resources, tribes, vulnerability assessment, Nortwest, climate change, natural cycles, seasonal changes, Confederated Tribes of Salish and Kootenai, the Qinault Indian Nation, and the Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians
Scientists researched how three tribes' cultures and traditional ecological knowledge are affected by climate change.

Enhancing Tribal Health and Food Security in the Klamath Basin of Oregon and California by Building a Sustainable Regional Food System
By: J. Sowerwine
National Institute of Food and Agriculture
Key words: food security, poverty, traditional food, yurok, participatory action research, Karuk
Klamath Basin residents suffer from high rates of food insecurity and poverty—a sharp departure from the rich ecosystem it supported in the past. Researchers attempt to understand the current residents food needs with an emphasis on traditional foods, and address gaps in availability using a community approach.

Tribes: Colville - Tribes & Climate Change and a Growing Wildfire Threat
By: Dennis Wall, ITEP
Key words: fire, beaver, camas, Colville Tribe, air, water, climate change
This tribal profile discusses how the the Colville tribe is addressing climate change and wildfire impacts on its land.

A Native Community Preserves its Food Traditions
By: Allie Hostler
Civil Eats
Key words: Agroecology, climate, food justice, food policy
Tolowa tribal members continue their food traditions from the land and the sea. The tribe is developing a harvest code using traditional ecological knowledge.

Elders to bear witness on climate changes
By: Justus Caudell
The Tribal Tribune
October 13, 2017
Elders from the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation are meeting with scientists from the University of Washington to discuss climate changes noted through traditional knowledge.

Cultural Resources Specialist Report
Project Overview: The Somes Bar Integrated Fire Management Project

By: Bill Tripp, Alex Watts-Tobin, and Jennifer Dyer
June 20, 2017
Key words: Karuk Tribe, Pacific Northwest, TEK, fire management, forest preservation
This report discusses fire management techniques and applications used in Northern California. As known through their cultural stories, the Karuk Tribe managed the forest with fire. For this project, managers selected focal species that have cultural significance and needed preservation and used archaeological techniques to identify human use areas within the project site. The report also lists the direct and indirect effects fire will have on the woodland environment.

Fisher Reintroduction Project
By: North Cascades National Park
May 24, 2017
Historically a common species in Washington, fishers were over-trapped to extinction due to their highly valuable fur. Even after decades of absence from the ecosystem, fisher habitat and their prey base remains intact and abundant, making them exceptional candidates for a population restoration project. Washington, with tribal partners and others, is now actively restoring the fisher population by translocating fishers from a healthy British Columbia population to the evergreen state’s landscape.

Webinar: Scaling Up: Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribe
Presented by: Mike Durglo
January 18, 2017
Presented as part of the NPS collaborative conservation working group, Scaling Up, this webinar focuses on landscape conservation efforts of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribe in Montana, and includes use of TEK in climate change planning. It is presented by Mike Durglo, the Environmental Protection Division Manager for the Tribe’s Natural Resources Department, who was recognized on July 15, 2016 by the White House as a White House Champion of Change for Climate Equity.

Student Collaboration Links Tribal History with Cultural Resources, Fire Regimes, Forest Management, and Ecological Habitats
By: Frank K. Lake
Pacific Southwest Research Station
Key words: Pacific Southwest Research Station, the Yurok tribe, Humboldt State University, vegetation, soils, climate, fire
Eldon Kinney is a Yurok tribal member and a student at Humboldt State University who researched vegetation diversity and soils. This research contributes to the Yurok tribe’s efforts towards developing a climate vulnerability assessment, part of a larger effort to reintroduce cultural burning practices.

Anchor Forests: Sustainable Forest Ecosystems through Cross-Boundary, Landscape-Scale Collaborative Management
By: Mark Corrao, Vincent Corrao, and Tera King
Northwest Management, Inc.
Key words: South Central, North Central, and Northeast sections of eastern Washington State, forests, fire, climate change
This pilot program is designed to facilitate collaborative ecosystem restoration between federal government agencies, tribal governments, and others. The program was designed to address unhealthy forest conditions, made worse by modern fire regimes and climate change.

Native Americans Adapting to Changes in What-Grows-Where
by Bud Ward
Yale Climate Connections
September 21, 2016
University of Idaho brings a group of tribes together to discuss climate change relating to indigenous ecological knowledge.

Threat of Salmon Extinction Turns Small Tribe Into Climate Researchers
by Nathan Gilles
Yes! Magazine
September 6, 2016
The natural resources department of the Nooksack Indian Tribe is concerned about warming water effects on the Chinook salmon; therefore, employees are undertaking riparian and instream projects to help keep the water cool.

A Native Perspective
OSU (Oregon State University) Stories
January 29, 2016
Climate change is impacting use of and availability of traditional foods and the ceremonies surrounding them.

Learning Together, Burning Together
By: Will Harling
Wildfire Magazine
Key words: Forest Service, Happy Camp, Somes Bar, Orleans, CALFIRE, Karuk Tribe, Klamath Mountains, fire
The Klamath River Prescribed Fire Training Exchange (TREX) partners with the Karuk tribe for prescribed burns around the Western Klamath Mountains. These on-the-ground applications represent co-management techniques often used within traditional lands.

Understanding the Pacific's Earthquakes Through Indigenous Stories
by Ann Finkbeiner
The Atlantic
September 14, 2015

Ancient clam gardens nurtured food security
Simon Fraser University News
March 20, 2014
Rock-walled beach terraces were used by coastal communities to farm and harvest clams for food security.

Tribal Wisdom & Western Science: A Holistic Approach to Conservation
By: Amanda Fortin (USFWS) &John Mankowski (NPLCC)
The U.S. Fish &Wildlife Service and North Pacific Landscape Conservation Cooperative are learning how Traditional Ecological Knowledge can inform our collective understanding of climate change –and how communities in the Pacific Northwest can adapt.

Exploring the Role of Traditional Ecological Knowledge in Climate Change Initiatives
Kirsten Vinyeta and Kathy Lynn
Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-879. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 37p.
Climate change is impacting Indigenous communities disproportionately. These communities are attempting to use TEK in their climate change planning.|

Subsistence Research
Subsistence Harvest Monitoring and Traditional Knowledge

Alaska Department of Fish and Game
Subsistence hunters voluntarily report harvest of harbor seals, sea lions and other marine mammals.

Integrating traditional and local ecological knowledge into forest biodiversity conservation in the Pacific Northwest
by Susan Charnley et al.
Forest Ecology and Management, doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2007.03.047
While the potential benefits to incorporating TEK and local ecological knowledge (LEK) in conservation have been explored at length, practical application of it has proven to be difficult. This article explores attitudes towards biodiversity, current management practices, and effective integration models for including TEK and local knowledge in forest conservation in the Pacific Northwest.

Case Study: Restoring Indian-Set Fires to Prairie Ecosystems on the Olympic Peninsula
by Jacilee Wray and M. Kat Anderson
Ecological Restoration, 21:296-301;doi:10.3368/er.21.4.296
December 2003

Case Study: Restoring Ethnographic Landscapes and Natural Elements in Redwood National Park
by Stephen Underwood, Leonel Arguello, and Nelson Siefkin
Ecological Restoration, 21:278-283;doi:10.3368/er.21.4.278
December 2003

Last updated: November 15, 2018