International, Across Borders

Anticipating Climatic Variability: The Potential of Ecological Calendars
By: Karim-Aly S. Kassam, Morgan L. Ruelle, Cyrus Samimi, Antonio Trabucco, Jianchu Xu
Human Ecology, Volume 46, Issue 2, pp. 249-257
April 2018
Key words: climate change, ecological calendars, phenology, Pamir Mountains, Central Asia, agropastoralists, participatory action research, co-production of knowledge, western science
Indigenous communities often relied on signs in the natural world for the timing of events or actions. This knowledge can be utilized with western science data to track and adapt to climate change.

Webinar: Online Forum on Traditional Knowledge Under the Convention of Biological Diversity: Webinar Recording and Presentations
Presented by: NBSAP Forum
November 30, 2017
This webinar provides an overview of the work of the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity (IIFB), and the Indigenous Women’s Biodiversity Network (IWBN) to advance Aichi Biodiversity Targets 18 (on traditional knowledge) and 16 (on Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization). The recording for the English webinar is available here: Below three links to the presentations: John Scott- CBD: Santiago Carrizosa- UNDP: Lucy Mulenkei- IWBN:

100 Women: The scientists championing their indigenous ancestors' discoveries
By: Mary Halton
BBC News
7 November 2017
Indigenous peoples around the world have understood the stars, tides and local ecosystems for hundreds of years but experts say their insights have often been overlooked. Now some female scientists are striving to highlight their achievements and collect the scientific heritage of their communities before it disappears.

Indigenous Knowledge Helps Scientists to Assess Climate Change
By: David Bressan
July 5, 2017
Key words: climate change, indigenous people, stars, clouds, glaciers, weather, Alps, tundra, mountains
The article explores various changes that indigenous peoples have noticed that have helped Western scientists to understand climatic conditions, weather patterns, and plant growth.

Tapping Traditional Wisdom to Cope with Climate Change
By: Nala Rogers, Staff Writer
Inside Science
March 28, 2017
From the mountains of Tajikistan to Standing Rock in the Dakotas, scientists are collaborating with indigenous people to study climate change and predict the future.

Traditional Use and Management of NTFPs in Kangchenjunga Landscape: Implications for Conservation and Livelihoods
By: Yadav Uprety, Ram C. Poudel, Janita Gurung, Nakul Chettri, & Ram P. Chaudhary
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 12:19
Key words: Traditional Knowledge, Medicinal Plants, Trade, Potential Species, NTFP Policy
Non-timber Forest Products (NTFPs), an important provisioning ecosystem services, are recognized for their contribution in rural livelihoods and forest conservation. Effective management through sustainable harvesting and market driven commercialization are two contrasting aspects that are bringing challenges in development of NTFPs sector. Authors analyzed use patterns, trends, and challenges in traditional use and management of NTFPs in the southern slope of Kangchenjunga Landscape, Eastern Himalaya and discussed potential implications for conservation and livelihoods.

Climate and Politics Could Test Arctic People
McGill University for Original Study
Posted by: Katherine Gombay-McGill
Futurity, Earth and Environment
January 8, 2016
The adaptability of peoples living in the artic could be their benefit when dealing with climate change, although politics and financial resources could impact this ability.

Keeping Our Traditions Alive: Compendium of Best Practices in Promoting the Traditional Ways of Life of Arctic Indigenous Peoples
The Arctic Council Secretariat
This compendium reflects the Arctic Council's efforts to promote traditional and cultural practices of indigenous peoples in education, language, community building and sustainable resource management, among other things. It is a collection of programs and initiatives identified as demonstrating best practices in promoting the cultural heritage and the importance of traditional ways of life among Arctic indigenous peoples.

Indigenous People and Invasive Species: Perceptions, management, challenges and uses
By: Ens, E., Fisher, J. and Costello, O. (Editors)
This global community booklet came out of the 2014 World Parks Congress, Indigenous People and Invasive Species Symposium. It includes various examples of indigenous methods of invasive species management within their geographic and environmental contexts, and explains why they continue to be highly viable and successful natural resource management practices.

Biocultural Conservation of Marine Ecosystems: Examples from New Zealand and Canada
By: Janet Stephenson, Fikret Berkes, Nancy J. Turner, & Jonathon Dick
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 12(2):257-265
Key words: Biocultural Conservation, Social-Ecological Systems, Indigenous Knowledge, Fisheries, Biodiversity
Place-specific knowledge systems, combined with hands-on resource use and a long-term commitment to sustaining resources and ecosystems, are vitally important in restoring the planet to health. This approach is already an integral part of the resource use and management systems of many Indigenous and tribal peoples worldwide, whose knowledge and practices reflect a long history of co-evolving and interdependent social-ecological systems. Negotiated settlements of Indigenous rights issues in New Zealand and Canada have resulted in new opportunities for the expression and application of Indigenous management approaches, including in coastal fisheries.

Indigenous Traditional Ecological Knowledge in Agroforestry
By: Colleen Rossier & Frank Lake
USDA National Agroforestry Center, AF Note-44
Key words: Agroforestry, Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Ecosystem Management
Communities around the world have practiced diverse and evolving forms of agroforestry for centuries. While both indigenous and non-indigenous practitioners have developed agroforestry practices of great value, in this publication, the authors focus on the role of indigenous, traditional ecological knowledge.

DECLARATION of the Responsible Ministers of the Polar Bear Range States
Moscow, Russian Federation
December 4, 2013
Acknowledges the range of nation states as stewards for polar bears and mentions a role for TEK in doing so.

Introduction: The Growing Importance of Traditional Forest-Related Knowledge
By: Ronald L. Trosper & John A. Parrotta
In Traditional Forest-Related Knowledge: Sustaining Communities, Ecosystems and Biocultural Diversity. J. A Parrotta & R. L. Trosper (eds.) World Forest Series Vol. 12, Springer, Dordrecht, the Netherlands
Key words: Biocultural Diversity, Forest Policy, Forest Management, Indigenous Peoples, Knowledge Systems
The knowledge, innovations, and practices of local and indigenous communities have supported their forest-based livelihoods for countless generations. The role of traditional knowledge—and the bio-cultural diversity it sustains—is increasingly recognized as important by decision makers, conservation and development organizations, and the scientific community.

Chapter 5: North America in Traditional Forest-Related Knowledge: Sustaining Communities, Ecosystems, and Biocultural Diversity
By: Ronald L. Trosper, Fred Clark, Patrica Gerez-Fernandez, Frank Lake, Deborah McGregor, Charles M. Peters, Silvia Purata, Teresa Ryan, Alan Thomson, Alan E. Watson, & Stephen Wyatt
J. A Parrotta & R. L. Trosper (eds.) World Forest Series Vol. 12, Springer, Dordrecht, the Netherlands
The colonial history of North America presents a contrast between Mexico and the two predominantly English-speaking countries, the United States and Canada. In Mexico, indigenous and other local communities own considerable forested lands, a consequence of the Mexican Revolution of the early twentieth century. In the United States, forest land is now primarily in private or federal hands, while in Canada forest land is primarily managed by the provinces. In all three countries, traditional knowledge had little effect upon forestry until the end of the twentieth century.

Weathering Uncertainty, Traditional Knowledge for Climate Change Assessment and Adaptation
By: Douglas Nakashima, Kirsty Galloway McLean, Hans Thulstrup, Ameyali Ramos Castillo and Jennifer Rubis
Paris, UNESCO, and Darwin, UNU, 1Ó0 pp.
ISBN 978-92-3-001068-3 (UNESCO), ISBN 978-0-9807084-8-6 (UNU)

Indigenous Ecosystem-Based Adaptation and Community-Based Ecocultural Restoration during Rapid Climate Disruption: Lessons for Western Restorationists
By: Dennis Martinez
A paper presented at the 4th World Conference on Ecological Restoration
Key words: Climate Change, Adaptations, Sustainability, Resilience, Indigenous Peoples
Indigenous peoples, comprising only 5% of the world’s population but occupying 20% of the earth’s surface and 80% of its biological hotspots, are important to ecosystems far out of proportion to their numbers. They have a good record of adaptation to a variety of climatic events and other changes over millennia, and are still adapting in such vulnerable biomes as semi-arid areas, mountains, sea islands, tropical forests and savannas, the arctic, and boreal forests—yet bear the least responsibility for climate disruption. But adaptation to climate destabilization may be the greatest challenge yet.

Conservation Refugees: The Hundred-Year Conflict between Global Conservation and Native Peoples
By: Mark Dowie
The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts
ISBN: 9780262516006
Since 1900, more than 108,000 officially protected conservation areas have been established worldwide, largely at the urging of five international conservation organizations. About half of these areas were occupied or regularly used by indigenous peoples. Millions who had been living sustainably on their land for generations were displaced in the interests of conservation. In Conservation Refugees, Mark Dowie tells this story.

Report of the Indigenous Peoples’ Global Summit on Climate Change- 2009
By: K. Galloway McLean, A. Ramos-Castillo, T. Gross, S. Johnson, M. Vierros, & R. Noa
United Nations University- Traditional Knowledge Initiative
The Indigenous People’s Global Summit on Climate Change was held in Anchorage, Alaska, in 2009. The Summit enabled indigenous peoples from all regions of the globe to exchange their knowledge and experience in adapting to the impacts of climate change, and to develop key messages and recommendations to be articulated to the world at the fifteenth Conference of Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Copenhagen, Denmark in December 2009. This report outlines the impacts of climate change on indigenous peoples from around the world.

Silviculture for non-timber forest product management: challenges and opportunities for sustainable forest management
By: Krishna H. Gautam, Teiji Watanabe
The Forestry Chronicle
Key words: ethnosilviculture, livelihoods, non-timber forest product, sustainable forestry, Canada, India, Nepal, partnerships
Non-timber forest products are of vital importance for many indigenous cultures in Canada, India, and Nepal. This article explores the way that these populations could be valuable partners to land managers and the methods to facilitate that partnership.

Ignore Fishers’ Knowledge and Miss the Boat
By: Robert E. Johannes, Milton M. R. Freeman, & Richard J. Hamilton
Fish and Fisheries, 1(3):257-271
Key words: Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Fisheries Management, Research Methodology
Authors describe five examples of how, by ignoring fishers’ ecological knowledge (FEK), marine researchers and resource managers may put fishery resources at risk, or unnecessarily compromise the welfare of resource users. Fishers can provide critical information on such things as inter-annual, seasonal, lunar, diel, tide-related and habitat-related differences in behavior and abundance of target species, and on how these influence fishing strategies.

Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Beluga Whales
By: Henry P. Huntington
Cultural Survival
September 1998
The article discusses study results of beluga whales and indigenous communities in the Artic.

Last updated: October 3, 2018