References and Links

Internet Links

Partners in Flight (PIF). A partnership focused on conserving landbird populations in the Western Hemisphere.

Rocky Mountain Bird Observatory. Conserving birds and their habitats.

Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Organization aiming to interpret and conserve the earth's biological diversity through research, education, and citizen science focused on birds.

The Institute for Bird Populations. Fostering a global approach to avian conservation.

Sonoran Joint Venture. Binational Bird Conservation.

Natural Resources Databases

Institute for Bird Populations' NBII / MAPS Avian Demographics Query Interface. Avian population, productivity and survivorship data and more from the MAPS (Monitoring Avian Productivity and Survivorship) program.

North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS). A cooperative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey's Patuxent Wildlife Research Center and Environment Canada's Canadian Wildlife Service to monitor the status and trends of North American bird populations.

eBird. eBird data sets document the presence or absence of species, as well as bird abundance and distribution through checklist data provided by birdwatchers.

Breeding Biology Research and Monitoring Database (BBIRD). A national, cooperative program that uses standardized field methodologies for studies of nesting success and habitat requirements of breeding birds.

Breeding Bird Census (BBC). Improving our understanding of changes in distribution and abundance patterns of avian communities. Data is based on individual study plots established within a single habitat type.

Partners in Flight Landbird Population Estimates Database. Provides access to estimates of landbird populations at a variety of geographic scales.

Bird Point Count Database. A repository for bird point count data collected anywhere in North America.

Avian Knowledge Network. An international organization of government and non-government institutions based at Cornell University focused on understanding the patterns and dynamics of bird populations across the Western Hemisphere.

Partners In Flight Species Assessment Database. Repository for biological information used and generated by the PIF Species Assessment Process, a peer-reviewed, scientific methodology for analyzing, evaluating, and categorizing information related to the conservation of birds.

Bird Banding Laboratory (BBL). The United States half of the North American Bird Banding Program, responsible for granting banding permits, managing banding data, etc...

Audubon Christmas Bird Count. More than 100 years of bird count data collected by citizen scientists nationwide.

Selected References

Barrows, C. W., M. B. Swartz, W. L. Hodges, M. F. Allen, J. T. Rotenberry, B. L. Li, T. A. Scott, and X. W. Chen. 2005.A framework for monitoring multiple-species conservation plans. Journal of Wildlife Management(69):1333-1345.

Bart, J., K. P. Burnham, E. H. Dunn, C. M. Francis, and C. J. Ralph. 2004. Goals and strategies for estimating trends in landbird abundance. Journal of Wildlife Management(68):611-626.

Bart, J. 2005. Monitoring the abundance of bird populations. Auk 122.
Canterbury, G. E., T. E. Martin, D. R. Petit, L. J. Petit, and D. F. Bradford. 2000. Bird communities and habitat as ecological indicators of forest condition in regional monitoring. Conservation Biology(14):544-558.

Desante, D. F., K. M. Burton, J. F. Saracco, and B. L. Walker. 1995. Productivity indices and survival rate estimates from maps, a continent-wide programme of constant-effort mist-netting in North America. Journal of Applied Statistics(22):935-947.
Diefenbach, D. R., D. W. Brauning, and J. A. Mattice. 2003. Variability in grassland bird counts related to observer differences and species detection rates. Auk(120):1168-1179.

Germaine, S. S., S. S. Rosenstock, R. E. Schweinsburg, and W. S. Richardson. 1998. Relationships among breeding birds, habitat, and residential development in greater Tucson, Arizona. Ecological Applications(8):680-691.

Green, D. A. and M. G. Baker. 2003. Urbanization impacts on habitat and bird communities in a Sonoran Desert ecosystem. Landscape and Urban Planning (63):225-239.

James, F. C., C. E. McCullogh, and D. A. Wiedenfeld. 1996. New approaches to the analysis of population trends in land birds. Ecology(77):13-27.

Ralph, C. J., S. Droege, and J. R. Sauer. 1995. Managing and monitoring birds using point counts: Standards and applications. Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station.

Williams, B. K., J. D. Nichols, and M. J. Conroy. 2002. Analysis and management of animal populations: modeling, estimation, and decision making. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

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