Types of Trees

There are approximately 3,800 cherry trees within the park. This list is provided to show the relative populations of the different varieties. Due to fluctuations in population resulting from the removal of dead trees and the planting of new trees, the exact numbers of trees are not provided.
The National Cherry Blossom Foundation has created identification flash cards that you can print. They can be found on their website.

Find cherry tree locations on Maps.

Yoshino Cherry Blossom
Yoshino Cherry (Prunus x yedoenis) - Comprising approximately 70% of the total number of cherry trees. Habit: a round topped, wide spreading tree that reaches 30 to 50 feet at maturity. Flowers: white, single in clusters of 2 to 5, and almond-scented. This hybrid cherry of unknown Japanese origin was first noticed in Tokyo about 1872 and is now one of the favorite cultivated cherry trees of Japan. Hardy to USDA Hardiness Zone 6: Range of Average minimum temperature 0 to -10 degrees Fahrenheit.
Kwanzan Cherry Blossom
Kwanzan Cherry (Prunus serrulata "Kwanzan") - 13% of total population. Habit: an upright-spreading tree to 30 feet, with a rounded crown and stiff ascending branches. Wider than tall at maturity. Flowers: double, with about 30 petals, in pendulous clusters of 3 to 5, sometimes more, clear pink and fading but small, up to 2½ inches across, with many more or less petaloid stamens often partly concealing the two green leafy carpels which protrude from the center of the flower. Hardy to USDA Hardiness Zone 5: Range of Average minimum temperature -10 to -20 degrees Fahrenheit.

Takemensis Cherry Blossom
Takesimensis Cherry (Prunus takesimensis) - 5% of total population. Habit: an upright spreading tree that can reach 30-40 ft. at maturity. Flowers: white, in large clusters with short pedicels. This species is known to grow in wet locations in its native habitat and is currently being tested in East Potomac Park for tolerance to excessive moisture. Hardy to USDA Hardiness Zone 6: Range of Average minimum temperature 0 to -10 degrees Fahrenheit.
Autumn Flowering Cherry Blossom
Autumn Flowering Cherry (Prunus subhirtella var. autumnalis) - 3% of total population. Habit: an upright rounded tree to 25-30 ft. with a 15-20 ft. spread. Flowers: semi-double, pink. During warm periods in the fall and winter months they will open sporadically and then fully flower the following spring. Hardy to USDA Hardiness Zone 4: Range of Average minimum temperature -20 to -30 degrees Fahrenheit.
Akebono Cherry Blossom
Akebono Cherry (Prunus x yedoensis "Akebono") - 3% of total population. Habit: a round topped, wide spreading tree that can reach 30 to 50 feet at maturity. Flowers: single, pale pink that fade to white, in clusters of 2 to 5. This cultivar is loosing popularity in the nursery trade and is being replaced with the cultivar Afterglow (Prunus x yedoensis "Afterglow") which has pink blossoms that are deeper in color and do not fade. Hardy to USDA Hardiness Zone 6: Range of Average minimum temperature 0 to -10 degrees Fahrenheit.
Weeping Cherry Blossom
Weeping Cherry (Prunus Subhirtella var. pendula) - 2.4% of total population. Habit: tree 20 to 40 feet high, with a round-flattened, gracefully, weeping crown. Usually grafted about 6 feet on the understock. Flowers: single, pink. This variety is very variable and select cultivars differ in form and color. (i.e., "Pendula Rosea", single deep pink flowers; "Pendula Plena Rosea", double, pink flowers; "Pendula Alba", single, white flowers; "Rosey Cloud", double, bright pink flowers; "Snowfozam", single, white flowers etc.). Hardy to USDA Hardiness Zone 5: Range of Average minimum temperature -10 to -20 degrees Fahrenheit.
Usuzumi species cherry blossom
Usuzumi Cherry (Prunus spachiana f. ascendens) - 1.3% of total population. Habit: tree to 40 ft. with a round, gracefully ascending crown. Flowers: single, white, truning to grey. The trees in West Potomac Park are propagations from the 1,400+ year old Usuzumi tree growing in the village of Itasho Neo, in Gifu Prefecture of Japan. It is said that that the 26th Emporer Keitai of Japan planted this tree to celebrate his ascension to the throne. The Usuzumi tree was declared a National Treasure of Japan in 1922. Hardy to USDA Hardiness Zone 6: Range of Average minimum temperature 0 to -10 degrees Fahrenheit.
Sargent Cherry Blossom
Sargent Cherry (Prunus sargentii) - less than 1% of total population. Habit: Upright to 40-50 ft. with spreading branches approximately equal to height. Flowers: single, deep pink, in clusters. Hardy to USDA Hardiness Zone 4: Range of Average minimum temperature -20 to -30 degrees Fahrenheit.
Afterglow Cherry Blossom
Afterglow Cherry (Prunus x yedoensis "Afterglow") - less than 1% of total population.
Shirofugen Cherry Blossom
Shirofugen Cherry (Prunus serulata "Shirofugen") - less than <1% of total population. Habit: a flat topped, wide spreading tree to 20-25 ft. Flowers: double, in large clusters, white when open aging to pink. Hardy to USDA Hardiness Zone 5: Range of Average minimum temperature -10 to -20 degrees Fahrenheit.
Okame Cherry Blossom
Okame Cherry (Prunus x "Okame") - less than 1% of total population. Habit: Upright tree to 25 ft. with a 20 ft. spread. Flowers: semi-double, pink. The earliest flowering cherry. USDA Hardiness Zone 5: Range of Average minimum temperature -10 to -20 degrees Fahrenheit. USDA Hardiness Zone 6: Range of Average minimum temperature 0 to -10 degrees Fahrenheit.

Last updated: March 16, 2018