Glaciers tell stories of the Earth's history; they shape the Earth's surface as they move and form valleys and mountains. Glacial ice documents weather and life from many years past. Tidewater glaciers are those that terminate in the sea. The ice that calves off these glaciers provide important habitat to ice-dependent species, such as seals.
What was the glacial extent in Alaska during the Pleistocene? Check out the Alaska PaleoGlacier Atlas.
Monitoring Glacial Dynamics
Sensitive to seasonal variation in temperature and precipitation, glaciers are excellent indicators of regional and global climate.
Monitoring Central Alaska Glaciers
Glaciers are inextricably tied to climate and the hydrological cycle, providing base flow to major rivers in Central Alaska.
Glacier Monitoring Story Map
Above is an interactive story map with videos, images, maps and narrative that describe changes in Alaska's glaciers.
Ablationthe retreat and degradation of glaciers
Advanceglacier flow exceeds ablation and the terminus extends beyond its previous point
Calveprocess of ice breaking off at a glacier's terminus
Crevassea large crack in the surface of a glacier produced by the stress of glacial flow
Hanginga glacier that clings to the side of a steep mountain or one that terminates at a cliff
Morainea deposit of rock debris shaped by glacial flow and erosion
Tidewater Glaciera glacier that terminates in the sea and discharges icebergs and other small pieces of ice
Terminusthe lower end, or snout, of a glacier
Last updated: October 15, 2019