Geological hazards (or geohazards) are the results of natural, active geologic processes. They can be hazardous to people or infrastructure, or they may be occurring naturally in remote areas with no hazardous impact. Geohazards include: volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, mudslides or landslides, avalanches, glacial surges and outburst floods, tsunamis, and other land collapses due to thawing permafrost.
Often, geohazards occur rapidly and without much warning, which increases the need for and importance of long-term monitoring of high-risk areas such as volcanoes, active landslides or debris flows, or areas where permafrost is known to be thawing.
a geologic feature where a mass of earth or rock moves down a slope or separates from a rock face. Landslides can occur over time or all at once and if the earth slides into the ocean can result in a tsunami.
a moving mass of earth (mud, soil, sand, rock, water) that travels down a slope. Debris flows often coincide with heavy rain and flash flooding.
an event where a glacially dammed lake breaks through the blockage and results in a sudden and massive flood as the lake drains