Horseshoe Bend National Military Park

Horseshoe Bend National Military Park

A woodcut drawing of American soldiers attacking Creek Indians behind a wooden barricade.
American forces assault the fortifications of the Red Stick Creeks at Horseshoe Bend.

The New York Public Library, Digital Gallery, Public Domain

Quick Facts

Location:
Daviston, Alabama
Significance:
The conclusion of the Creek War of 1813-1814 allowed for the forcible cession of lands to the United States and for the movement of experienced American troops to defend the Gulf Coast from British invasion.
Designation:
National Military Park
OPEN TO PUBLIC:
No

As America's War of 1812 raged along the Canadian frontier and on the Atlantic Ocean, a different conflict erupted among the Creek Indians of present-day Georgia and Alabama. One faction - the Red Sticks - sought to preserve traditional customs and resist European cultural influence and American expansion. The other faction argued in favor or adapting in order to survive, and received the support of American military forces under Major General Andrew Jackson.

Horseshoe Bend National Military Park preserves the site of the last engagement of the Creek War of 1813-1814. Andrew Jackson, in command of more than 3,000 men, including Tennesee volunteers and Creek allies, assaulted the last stronghold of the Red Sticks, resulting in a hand-to-hand battle that left over 800 Red Stick Creeks dead and effectively ended the war. 

At the conclusion of the conflict, the victorious Jackson forced the Red Stick Creeks to sign the Treaty of Fort Jackson, ceding 23 million acres of Creek land to the United States, including lands of Jackson's Creek allies. Soon thereafter, General Jackson was assigned to defend the Gulf Coast from possible British invasion, leading to the Battle of New Orleans.