Last updated: September 7, 2017
- Jct. of Chestnut and Main Sts., Foxborough, Massachusetts
- Social History, Health/Medicine, Architecture
- National Register of Historic Places
- OPEN TO PUBLIC:
Foxborough State Hospital was established in 1889 as the Massachusetts Hospital for Dipsomaniacs and Inebriates, in response to the need long identified by various asylum superintendents for a special institution to treat alcoholic patients. It was said to be the first state-operated facility of its type in the nation, so the Trustees expended substantial time and thought in developing an appropriate physical plan and treatment program. Despite this care, the initial site and layout proved unsuitable, and the Trustees were authorized to purchase a new site in 1910. Alcoholic patients were moved to Norfolk in 1914 and the Foxborough facility was converted to a standard state psychiatric hospital. Foxborough State Hospital is significant for its early and innovative role in the development of treatment programs for the disease of alcoholism, and for its continuing associations with the development of the state mental health system.
The early Queen Anne and later Classical Revival-style buildings are excellent examples of their respective types and periods, and the landscape is one of the few for which a landscape architect has been identified. The period of significance extends from the time of authorization in 1889 to 1940, when major building ceased.
National Register Nomination