Last updated: January 11, 2024
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Ancestors of some of the 11 tribes traditionally associated with Grand Canyon, the Ancestral Puebloan people, lived both below and above the canyon rim about 1000 years ago. Archeological sites like this one are sacred to the tribes today, and require respect and care when visiting them.
Limestone in this area is fairly soft (for a rock) and may have been one reason people decided to settle here. Wood, plentiful on the canyon ridges overlooking the canyon, is another.
Kettle holes and ponds in the bedrock and nearby landscape may have been a source of water. Seeps and springs, like those found along Cliff Spring Trail (further south on Cape Royal Road), would have been another.
Excavated by Douglas W. Schwartz, this archaeological site is a sample of what used to be at least nine rooms, occupied from 1,100 to 1,150 CE.