American Toad (Bufo americanus)
Size: Typically 2" to 4" long and females tend to be larger than males.
Appearance: Stout with short legs. They can be tan, brown, olive green, or reddish-brown with warts that are either yellow or red.
Sound: The males will attempt to attract females with a high-pitched trill that can last for almost 30 seconds.
Diet: They thrive on insects and one toad can eat up to 1,000 insects a day. However, while they eat with their mouth, they actually drink through their skin. Their lower abdomen has something called a 'seat patch' that they use to absorb water.
Do they cause warts? Contrary to popular belief, touching a toad does not cause warts. However, they do secrete a toxin that protects them from predators. So if you touch a toad, don't touch your face and be sure to wash your hands as soon as you're able to do so.
Boreal Chorus Frog (Pseudacris maculata)
Size: They average around 1.5" long, with females tending to be larger than males
Appearance: Colors can vary, including olive green, brown, tan, or brown. They typically have 3 stripes down their back (sometimes patterened in dots) and a dark stripe on both sides of their body (starting at the nose and going back over the eyes).
Sound: The sound they make has been compared to running your thumbnail over a fine-toothed comb. Don't be fooled by their tiny size - their calls can be heard from up to half a mile away!
Diet: They eat small insects, such as flies, mosquitoes, spiders, and ants.
Easy to spot? Not easy at all! They're very tiny, nocturnal, and have secretive habits - all traits that help them survive in a world with much larger predators.
Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum)
Size: On averge, 6"-8", but some as large as 14" have been recorded
Appearance: Colors vary from black, grey, or green with yellowish blotches or elongated spots. They have thick necks and legs, short snouts, long tails, and large, lidded eyes.
Diet: Insects, worms, and smaller amphibians.
What survival in the wild can look like for a tiger salamander: They spend much of their time - especially in hotter weather - in burrows up to 2' deep and can live in the wild for up to 15 years!
Northern Leopard Frog (Lithobates pipiens)
Size: Approximately 2"-5" long, with females tending to be larger than males
Appearance: They are usually green or brown with circular, dark spots bordered by lighter colored rings. A pair of pinkish/white ridges run parallel from behind their eyes and down their back.
Sound: A gutteral, snoring noise followed by grunts.
Diet: Insects, worms, smaller amphibians (including other frogs), and at times even birds and garter snakes.
How do they avoid predators? Athleticism! These frogs are excellent swimmers and when on land, can jump 5-6 feet in a zig-zag pattern to evade capture.
Last updated: February 18, 2019