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Partnership header Group in meadow using binoculars

Making Friends Handbook: An Introduction to Building NPS Friends Group (pdf .99 MB) is a tool for NPS superintendents, park staff, and community members interested in creating and expanding Friends Groups that support the NPS. The publication addresses the fundamental aspects of creating a partnering relationship and includes organizational development tips, sample agreements, model case studies, checklists, and lists of contacts and resources to assist in building Friends Groups.

Friends of the National Parks 2010 presents findings from an April 2010 survey conducted by the National Park Foundation that identifies the spectrum of philanthropic support for National Parks, highlights the challenges and capacities of Friends Groups and shapes the National Park Foundation's strategy for supporting Friends Groups.

BoardSource Nonprofit Governance Index 2010 compiles survey results of 978 Chief Executives and 780 Board Members who provided information and insight into the practices of their non-profit Boards, including their fundraising, community engagement, and strategic planning practices, and their board member size, term limits, and recruitment practices.

"Re-inventing Conservation: A Practitioners View" by Rolf Diamant, Glenn Eugster, and Nora J. Mitchell. Reprinted from Island Press, Washington, D.C., Chapter 19 in Reconstructing Conservation: Finding Common Ground, edited by Ben A. Minteer and Robert E. Manning, published 2003. The chapter explores recent trends and examples of successful conservation practice, and offers fundamental principles for reconstructing conservation in the 21st century.

The National Park Service and Civic Engagement (2001) is a report that summarizes a workshop convened December 6-8, 2001 by the National Park Service's Northeast Regional Director. In this workshop park managers, resource specialists, public historians, scholars, and museum professionals discussed how national Parks could become centers for civic engagement, encompassing educational partnering and civic involvement.

Transboundary Collaboration in Ecosystem Management: Integrating Lessons from Experience (2001) is a Master's Project completed by Elizabeth Harris et al of the University of Michigan's School of Natural Resources. This study highlights the experiences of eight collaborative efforts operating across either the U.S.-Canada or U.S.-Mexico borders. The lessons distilled from these efforts are intended to inform general transboundary practitioners, and organizations that are working to develop transboundary relationships.

Desktop Reference Guide to Collaborative Community Based Planning (2000) A joint effort between the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the Sonoran Institute, the Desktop Reference Guide summarizes important principles of successful collaboration based on the experience of BLM field staff. Designed for BLM employees, the publication also includes case studies and contact information for agency personnel who can be contacted for advice about collaborative approaches.

Land Use Planning Handbook (2000) from the Bureau of Land Management. This guide provides guidelines for collaboration based on the first-hand experience of Bureau of Land Management field managers and staff. The guide also briefly explains the benefits of collaboration, practices for building relationships in a community and tools for Bureau of Land Management Staff.

Making Collaboration Work (2000) by Steven L. Yaffee and Julia M. Wondolleck appeared in Conservation Biology in Practice. This article explores lessons from a comprehensive assessment of over 200 wide-ranging cases of collaboration in environmental management.

Building Your Nest Egg: An Introduction to Raising Funds for National Wildlife Refuge Support Groups (2000) by Beverly Heinze-Lacey is a publication of the National Wildlife Refuge Association in collaboration with the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. This book provides a framework to help groups become successful fundraisers, through stories and concepts to help assess a group's approach to "friendmaking" and organizational management.

Collaboration and Conservation: Lessons Learned in Areas Managed through National Park Service Partnerships is a report that summarizes a workshop convened May 15-17, 2000 for the National Park Service Park Planning and Special Studies Program by the Conservation Study Institute and QLF/Atlantic Center for the Environment. In this workshop, participants from the National Park Service and their partners examined the process and evolution of effective partnerships and identified operating principles for successful long-term collaboration.

1999 Partnership Guide published by the USDA Forest Service, Washington Office. This guide is written for employees who work or want to work with other people or organizations to accomplish common objectives. It is written as a guide for deciding if a formal partnership or cooperative activity is appropriate for the your objectives, deciding what kind of agreement is appropriate, and being aware of issues you may face when entering into such a relationship.

A Systematic Assessment of Collaborative Resource Management Partnerships (1999) is a Master's Project completed by Chrissy Coughlin et al of the University of Michigan's School of Natural Resources. This master's project, systematically analyzes the growing popularity of community-based resource management groups (collaborative partnerships).

Beyond the Hundredth Meeting: A Field Guide to Collaborative Conservation on the West's Public Lands (1999) by Barb Cestero, of the Sonoran Institute. This publication provides readers with a "field guide" to navigate through the myriad types of collaborative efforts that have emerged to address public land management issues. Characteristics that can be used to classify different collaborative efforts are identified. Numerous case studies are used to highlight the keys to effective public land collaboration as well as the limitations and challenges of this conservation approach.

Balancing Public Trust and Private Interest: Public Participation in Habitat Conservation Planning - A Summary Report (1998) is a report by Jeremy Anderson and Steven Yaffee of the University of Michigan, School of Natural Resources and Environment, which was commissioned by the National Wildlife Federation. This publication summarizes a longer report on the role of public participation in the Habitat Conservation Plan process and provides policy makers with recommendations for improving the Habitat Conservation Plan process.

Factors that Promote and Constrain Bridging: A Summary and Analysis of the Literature (1997) is a report by Steven L. Yaffee, Julia M. Wondolleck and Steven Lippman of the University of Michigan's Ecosystem Management Initiative, which was submitted to the USDA-Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. This report identifies and describes findings in the research literature on factors that facilitate successful efforts and those that impede collaboration.

National Parks and Their Neighbors: Lessons from the Field on Building Partnerships with Local Communities (1997) published by the Sonoran Institute for the National Park Service Division of Park Planning and Special Studies. This publication summarizes the factors and principles that contribute to successful partnerships with adjacent communities, landowners, and other agencies. It was written with input from NPS managers with expertise in carrying out cooperative initiatives. The report explores challenges that need to be faced if partnerships are to succeed. In also includes recommendations for making partnerships a more integral element of park management.

Sustaining the Success of Collaborative Partnerships: Revisiting the Building Bridges Cases (1997) is a report by Julia M. Wondolleck and Steven L. Yaffee of the University of Michigan's Ecosystem Management Initiative, which was submitted to the USDA-Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. This report revisits 35 partnership case studies three years after they were originally published in Building Bridges Across Agency Boundaries: In Search of Excellence in the Unites States Forest Service. The report identifies clear lessons for federal land management agencies interested in collaborative approaches to resource management.

Collaboration & Decision-making Selected Publications is a list of collaboration publications recommended by the Ecosystem Management Initiative at the University of Michigan.

Conservation Capital: Sources of Public Funding for Land Conservation (2004) is a guide to public funding for fee or easement purchases of conservation lands. Information includes recent funding levels, sample projects funded, and special requirements. The focus is on federal programs applicable in the eastern U.S., but a few state programs and local options are also highlighted.

Other recommended reading:

How to Form a Nonprofit Corporation (National Edition) by Attorney Anthony Mancuso. 5th Edition, March 2002, published by Nolo Press. The definitive guide for anyone who wants to start a nonprofit organization, this book shows step by step how to form and operate a tax-exempt corporation in all 50 states. It includes complete instructions for obtaining federal 501(c)(3) tax exemption and for qualifying for public charity status with the IRS. It also includes all forms of Articles, Bylaws and Minutes.

Community and the Politics of Place (1992) by Daniel Kemmis. Daniel Kemmis examines the importance of place and its relationship to the quality of public life in the context of those northern states (e.g. Montana) whose settlement marked the end of the old frontier. He also questions the relationship between cities and rural areas and between politics and economics.

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