A CLOSE ENCOUNTER: The Marine Landing on Tinian
by Richard Harwood
In addition to the official Marine Corps histories
of the Tinian campaign, Lt John C. Chapin, The Fourth Marine Division
in World War II (Washington, August, 1945); John Costello, The
Pacific War (New York, 1981); John Dower, War Without Mercy: Race
and Power in the Pacific War (New York, 1986); Maj Carl W. Hoffman,
Saipan: The Beginning of the End (Washington, 1950); Maj Carl W.
Hoffman, The Seizure of Tinian (Washington, 1951); Frank Olney
Hough, The Island War: The U.S. Marine Corps in the Pacific
(Philadelphia, 1947); Jeter A. Isely and Philip A. Crowl, The U.S
Marine Corps and Amphibious War (Princeton, 1951); Richard W.
Johnston, Follow Me! The Story of the Second Marine Division in World
War II (New York, 1948); Allen R. Millett, Semper Fidelis: The
History of the United States Marine Corps (New York, 1991); J.
Robert Moskin, The U.S. Marine Corps Story (Boston, 1992); Carl
W. Proehl (ed.), The Fourth Marine Division in World War II
(Nashville, 1988); Henry I. Shaw, Jr., Bernard C. Nalty, Edwin T.
Turnbladh, Central Pacific Drive: History of U.S. Marine Corps
Operations in World War II, vol III (Washington, 1966); Ronald H.
Spector, Eagle Against the Sun (New York, 1985).
The transcripts of the following retired Marines
interviewed for the Marine Corps Oral History Program reside in the Oral
History Collection, Marine Corps Historical Center, Washington Navy
Yard, Washington, D.C. Their roles at Tinian are as indicated: BGen
William W. Buchanan, assistant naval gunfire officer, 4th Marine
Division; Gen Clifton B. Cates, commanding general, 4th Marine Division;
LtCol Justice M. Chambers, commanding officer, 3d Battalion, 25th
Marines; MajGen Carl W. Hoffman, commanding officer, Company G, 2d
Battalion, 8th Marines; Gen Robert E. Hogaboom, G-3, Northern Troops
Landing Force; MajGen Louis R. Jones, commanding officer, 23d Marines;
BGen Frederick J. Karch, S-3, 14th Marines; MajGen Wood B. Kyle,
commanding officer, 1st Battalion, 2d Marines; MajGen William W. Rogers,
chief of staff, 4th Marine Division; LtGen James L. Underhill, island
About the Author
Richard Harwood, a journalist and news executive,
retired as deputy managing editor of The Washington Post in 1988.
He now writes an editorial column for The Post which is
distributed nationally by the Los Angeles Times-Washington Post News
Service. He served in the U.S. Marines from 1942 until 1946, and spent
30 months in the Pacific. As a radio operator in the V Amphibious Corps
he participated in four operations, including Tinian.
THIS PAMPHLET HISTORY, one in a series devoted to
U.S. Marines in the World War II era, is published for the education and
training of Marines by the History and Museums Division, Headquarters,
U.S. Marine Corps, Washington, D.C., as a part of the U.S. Department of
Defense observance of the 50th anniversary of victory in that war.
Editorial costs of preparing this pamphlet have been
defrayed in part by a bequest from the estate of Emilie H. Watts, in
memory of her late husband, Thomas M. Watts, who served as a Marine and
was the recipient of a Purple Heart.
WORLD WAR II COMMEMORATIVE SERIES
DIRECTOR OF MARINE CORPS HISTORY AND MUSEUMS
Brigadier General Edwin H. Simmons, USMC (Ret)
WORLD WAR II COMMEMORATIVE SERIES
Benis M. Frank
George C. MacGillivray
EDITING AND DESIGN SECTION, HISTORY AND MUSEUMS DIVISION
Robert E. Struder, Senior Editor; W. Stephen Hill, Visual
Catherine A. Kerns, Composition Services
Technician, R.D. Payne, VolunteerWeb Edition
Marine Corps Historical Center
Building 58, Washington Navy Yard
Washington, D.C. 20374-5040
PCN 190 003127 00