The War in the Pacific
Table of Contents

A grateful Guam remembers


Guam in midst of Japan's ocean empire

The Land of the Rising Sun seizes Guam

Symbol of hope, controversy

The strength of Agueda Johnston

In Tai, the death of a hero

"Uncle Sam, won't you please come back to Guam?"

The Pastor Sablan and his flock

Chamorros caught in Wake invasion

Captain endures POW camp

The march to Manengon

A witness to tragedy

A voyage to freedom

List of liberating forces

Liberating Guam

Maps of invasion beaches

The way of the Japanese warrior

The beachhead the night of the banzai

50 years later, a liberator is remembered

"He gallantly gave his life"

The high command

Guam scouts assist liberators

All men bleed red

Old Glory sways proudly once again

Liberators meet the liberated

Combat Patrol hunts for stragglers

The Last Soldier

Adolfo C. Sgambelluri's secret life

War crimes and justice

Military buildup on Guam

Chamorros still yearn for freedom

The War in the Pacific ends

Thank You

LIBERATION — Guam Remembers
A Golden Salute for the 50th anniversary of the Liberation of Guam

Old Glory sways proudly once again

With civilians and military alike standing in salute, a small American flag, made by hand during the Japanese occupation, is raised on the flagpole at the Plaza de Espana in Agana. The site was where naval Governor George McMillin formally surrendered the island to the Japanese on Dec. 10, 1941 (top).

A Marine walks in the ruins of an Agana home where a statue of Christ is practically intact. Agana was devastated by pre-invasion bombardment because military officials did not want a repeat of the fierce house-to-house fighting experienced at Garapan village in Saipan in June 1944 (bottom, left).

20 October 1944

MacArthur makes good on his vow to return to the Philippines as four U.S. Army divisions land at Leyte. By February, U.S. forces have landed in Luzon and go on to occupy Manila.

Families take refuge in crypts at a cemetery in Agana. War's destruction had leveled Agana, the island's main residential center, and people resorted to finding shelter anywhere they could (top, left).

Marines pose for a photograph using a torn and tattered American flag captured from the enemy. The island's two major villages of Agana and Sumay were both devastated in the pre-invasion bombardment. As a result, Agana never regained its pre-war population and Sumay, which rivaled Agana as a commercial center, simply ceased to exist, absorbed into what was to become the Naval Station (bottom, right).

24-25 October 1944

The Battle of Leyte Gulf, comprised off our separate engagements and the largest of the war, results in devastating defeat of the Japanese navy. Four Japanese carriers are sunk as the U.S. solidifies its ability to retake the Philippines. For the first time, "kamikazes" - pilots on suicide missions - are sent into battle in a desperate attempt to halt the U.S. advance toward Japan.

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