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Shaping the System




Shaping the System

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The National Parks:

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Park Origins Chronological Summary

This single chronology of park origins, 1790-2000, integrates those areas initially administered by other federal agencies.

July 16District of Columbia authorized, including National Capital Parks, National Mall, White House

April 20Hot Springs Reservation, Arkansas (redesignated Hot Springs NP 1921)

June 30Yosemite State Park, California (incorporated in Yosemite NP 1906)

April 7Ford's Theatre, District of Columbia, acquisition authorized; designated a NHS 1970

March 1Yellowstone NP, Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho

March 3Mackinac NP, Michigan (abolished 1895)

Aug. 2Washington Monument, District of Columbia, accepted; dedicated 1885

March 3Statue of Liberty, New York, accepted; dedicated 1886; designated a NM 1924

Dec. 7National Cemetery of Custer's Battlefield Reservation (redesignated Custer Battlefield NM 1946; redesignated Little Bighorn Battlefield NM 1991)

March 2Casa Grande Ruin Reservation, Arizona (redesignated Casa Grande NM 1918; redesignated Casa Grande Ruins NM 1926)

Aug. 19Chickamauga and Chattanooga NMP, Georgia and Tennessee
Aug. 30Antietam NBS, Maryland (redesignated a NB 1978)
Sept. 25Sequoia NP, California
Sept. 27Rock Creek Park, District of Columbia
Oct. 1General Grant NP, California (incorporated in Kings Canyon NP 1940)
Oct. 1Yosemite NP, California

Dec. 27Shiloh NMP, Tennessee

Feb. 11Gettysburg NMP, Pennsylvania

Feb. 21Vicksburg NMP, Mississippi
March 2Mount Rainier NP, Washington

May 22Crater Lake NP, Oregon
July 1Sulphur Springs Reservation, Oklahoma (redesignated Platt NP 1906; incorporated in Chickasaw NRA 1976)

Jan. 9Wind Cave NP, South Dakota

April 27Sullys Hill NP, North Dakota (transferred to Agriculture Dept. as game preserve 1931)

June 8Antiquities Act
June 29Mesa Verde NP, Colorado
Sept. 24Devils Tower NM, Wyoming
Dec. 8El Morro NM, New Mexico
Dec. 8Montezuma Castle NM, Arizona
Dec. 8Petrified Forest NM, Arizona (redesignated a NP 1962)

March 4Chalmette Monument and Grounds, Louisiana (redesignated Chalmette NHP 1939; incorporated in Jean Lafitte NHP and Preserve 1978)
March 11Chaco Canyon NM, New Mexico (incorporated in Chaco Culture NHP 1980)
May 6Cinder Cone NM, California (incorporated in Lassen Volcanic NP 1916)
May 6Lassen Peak NM, California (incorporated in Lassen Volcanic NP 1916)
Nov. 16Gila Cliff Dwellings NM, New Mexico
Dec. 19Tonto NM, Arizona

Jan. 9Muir Woods NM, California
Jan. 11Grand Canyon NM, Arizona (incorporated in Grand Canyon NP 1919)
Jan. 16Pinnacles NM, California
Feb. 7Jewel Cave NM, South Dakota
April 16Natural Bridges NM, Utah
May 11Lewis and Clark Cavern NM, Montana (abolished 1937)
Sept. 15Tumacacori NM, Arizona (incorporated in Tumacacori NHP 1990)
Dec. 7Wheeler NM, Colorado (abolished 1950)

March 2Mount Olympus NM, Washington (incorporated in Olympic NP 1938)
March 20Navajo NM, Arizona
July 12Oregon Caves NM, Oregon
July 31Mukuntuweap NM, Utah (incorporated in Zion NM 1918)
Sept. 21Shoshone Cavern NM, Wyoming (abolished 1954)
Nov. 1Gran Quivira NM, New Mexico (incorporated in Salinas NM 1980)

March 23Sitka NM, Alaska (redesignated a NHP 1972)
May 11Glacier NP, Montana
May 30Rainbow Bridge NM, Utah
June 23Big Hole Battlefield NM, Montana (redesignated Big Hole NB 1963)

Feb. 9Lincoln Memorial, District of Columbia (dedicated 1922)
May 24Colorado NM, Colorado
July 6Devils Postpile NM, California

Oct. 14Cabrillo NM, California

Jan. 31Papago Saguaro NM, Arizona (abolished 1930)

Jan. 26Rocky Mountain NP, Colorado
Oct. 4Dinosaur NM, Colorado and Utah
Nov. 30Walnut Canyon NM, Arizona

Feb. 11Bandelier NM, New Mexico
July 8Sieur de Monts NM, Maine (redesignated Lafayette NP 1919; redesignated Acadia NP 1929)
July 17Abraham Lincoln NP, Kentucky (redesignated a NHP 1939; redesignated Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS 1959)
Aug. 1Hawaii NP, Hawaii (split into Haleakala NP and Hawaii NP 1960; latter redesignated Hawaii Volcanoes NP 1961)
Aug. 9Capulin Mountain NM, New Mexico (redesignated Capulin Volcano NM 1987)
Aug. 9Lassen Volcanic NP, California (incorporated Cinder Cone and Lassen Peak NMs)
Aug. 25 National Park Service Act
Oct. 25Old Kasaan NM, Alaska (abolished 1955)

Feb. 18Kennesaw Mountain NBS, Georgia (redesignated a NBP 1935)
Feb. 26Mount McKinley NP, Alaska (incorporated in Denali NP and NPres 1980)
March 2Guilford Courthouse NMP, North Carolina
June 29Verendrye NM, North Dakota (abolished 1956)

March 18Zion NM, Utah (incorporated Mukuntuweap NM; redesignated a NP 1919)
Sept. 24Katmai NM, Alaska (incorporated in Katmai NP and NPres 1980)

Feb. 26Grand Canyon NP, Arizona (incorporated 1908 Grand Canyon NM)
Dec. 12Scotts Bluff NM, Nebraska
Dec. 12Yucca House NM, Colorado

Jan. 24Lehman Caves NM, Nevada (incorporated in Great Basin NP 1986)
Oct. 14Timpanogos Cave, Utah
Oct. 21Fossil Cycad NM, South Dakota (abolished 1956)

Jan. 24Aztec Ruin NM, New Mexico (redesignated Aztec Ruins NM 1928)
March 2Hovenweep NM, Colorado and Utah
March 2Mound City Group NM, Ohio (incorporated in Hopewell Culture NHP 1992)
May 31Pipe Spring NM, Arizona
June 8Bryce Canyon NM, Utah (redesignated Utah NP 1924; redesignated Bryce Canyon NP 1928)
Oct. 25Carlsbad Cave NM, New Mexico (redesignated Carlsbad Caverns NP 1930)

April 18Chiricahua NM, Arizona
May 2Craters of the Moon NM, Idaho
Oct. 15Castle Pinckney NM, South Carolina (abolished 1956)
Oct. 15Fort Marion NM, Florida (redesignated Castillo de San Marcos NM 1942)
Oct. 15Fort Matanzas NM, Florida
Oct. 15Fort Pulaski, Georgia
Dec. 9Wupatki NM, Arizona

Feb. 6Meriwether Lewis NM, Tennessee (incorporated in Natchez Trace Parkway 1961)
Feb. 26Glacier Bay NM, Alaska (incorporated in Glacier Bay NP and NPres 1980)
March 3Fort McHenry NP, Maryland (redesignated Fort McHenry NM and Historic Shrine 1939)
March 4Lee Mansion, Virginia (date restoration authorized; designated Custis-Lee Mansion 1955; redesignated Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial, 1972)
March 23Mount Rushmore NMem, South Dakota (acquired 1939)
Sept. 5Father Millet Cross NM, New York (abolished 1949)
Nov. 21Lava Beds NM, California

May 22Great Smoky Mountains NP, North Carolina and Tennessee
May 22Shenandoah NP, Virginia
May 25Mammoth Cave NP, Kentucky
June 2Moores Creek NMP, North Carolina (redesignated a NB 1980)
July 3Petersburg NMP, Virginia (redesignated a NB 1962)

Feb. 14Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial NMP, Virginia
March 2Kill Devil Hill Monument, North Carolina (redesignated Wright Brothers NMem 1953)
March 3Stones River NMP, Tennessee (redesignated a NB 1980)

March 26Fort Donelson NMP, Tennessee (redesignated a NB 1985)
May 23George Rogers Clark Memorial, Indiana (incorporated in George Rogers Clark NHP 1966)
May 23Mount Vernon Memorial Highway (incorporated in George Washington Memorial Parkway 1930)

Feb. 21Brices Cross Roads NBS, Mississippi
Feb. 21Tupelo NBS, Mississippi (redesignated a NB 1961)
Feb. 26Grand Teton NP, Wyoming
March 4Badlands NM, South Dakota (redesignated a NP 1978)
March 4Cowpens NBS, South Carolina (redesignated a NB 1972)
April 12Arches NM, Utah (redesignated a NP 1978)
May 11Holy Cross NM, Colorado (abolished 1950)

Jan. 23George Washington Birthplace NM, Virginia
May 26Sunset Crater NM, Arizona (redesignated Sunset Crater Volcano NM 1990)
May 29Fort Washington Park, Maryland
May 29George Washington Memorial Parkway, Virginia and Maryland (incorporated Mount Vernon Memorial Highway)
June 18Appomattox Court House monument, Virginia (designated Appomattox Court House National Historical Monument 1935; redesignated a NHP 1954)
July 3Colonial NM, Virginia (redesignated a NHP 1936)

Feb. 14Canyon de Chelly NM, Arizona
March 3Isle Royale NP, Michigan
March 4Fort Necessity NBS, Pennsylvania (redesignated a NB 1961)
March 4Kings Mountain NMP, South Carolina

March 17Great Sand Dunes NM, Colorado (redesignated a NP 2000)
May 21Theodore Roosevelt Island, District of Columbia
Dec. 22Grand Canyon NM, Arizona (incorporated in Grand Canyon NP 1975)

Jan. 18White Sands NM, New Mexico
Feb. 11Death Valley NM, California and Nevada (incorporated in Death Valley NP 1994)
March 1Saguaro NM, Arizona (redesignated a NP 1994)
March 2Black Canyon of the Gunnison NM, Colorado (redesignated a NP 1999)
March 2Morristown NHP, New Jersey
June 16Blue Ridge Parkway, North Carolina and Virginia
Aug. 10Reorganization
Aug. 22Cedar Breaks NM, Utah

May 30Everglades NP, Florida
June 14Ocmulgee NM, Georgia
June 19Natchez Trace Parkway, Mississippi, Alabama, and Tennessee (acquired 1938)
June 21Monocacy NMP, Maryland (reauthorized and redesignated a NB 1976)
June 26Thomas Jefferson Memorial, District of Columbia (dedicated 1943)

Jan. 4Fort Jefferson NM, Florida (redesignated Dry Tortugas NP 1992)
June 20Big Bend NP, Texas
Aug. 21Historic Sites Act
Aug. 21Fort Stanwix NM, New York (acquired 1973)
Aug. 27Ackia Battleground NM, Mississippi (incorporated in Natchez Trace Parkway 1961)
Aug. 29Andrew Johnson NM, Tennessee (redesignated a NHS 1963)
Dec. 20Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, Missouri (Gateway Arch authorized 1954, dedicated 1968)

March 2Richmond NBP, Virginia
March 19Homestead NM of America, Nebraska
May 26Fort Frederica NM, Georgia
June 2Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial NM, Ohio (redesignated Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial 1972)
June 23Park, Parkway, and Recreation Area Study Act
June 29Whitman NM, Washington (redesignated Whitman Mission NHS 1963)
Aug. 16Joshua Tree NM, California (incorporated in Joshua Tree NP 1994)
Oct. 13Boulder Dam Recreation Area, Nevada and Arizona (redesignated Lake Mead NRA 1947)
Nov. 14Bull Run Recreational Demonstration Area, Virginia (redesignated Manassas NBP 1940)
Nov. 14Catoctin Recreational Demonstration Area, Maryland (redesignated Catoctin Mountain Park 1954)
Nov. 14Chopawamsic Recreational Demonstration Area, Virginia (redesignated Prince William Forest Park 1948)

Jan. 22Zion NM, Utah (incorporated in Zion NP 1956)
April 13Organ Pipe Cactus NM, Arizona
Aug. 2Capitol Reef NM, Utah (redesignated a NP 1971)
Aug. 17Cape Hatteras NS, North Carolina
Aug. 25Pipestone NM, Minnesota

March 17Salem Maritime NHS, Massachusetts
April 26Channel Islands NM, California (incorporated in Channel Islands NP 1980)
June 1Saratoga NHP, New York
June 29Olympic NP, Washington (incorporated Mount Olympus NM)
July 16Fort Laramie NM, Wyoming (redesignated a NHS 1960)
Aug. 3Hopewell Village NHS, Pennsylvania (redesignated Hopewell Furnace NHS 1985)
Sept. 23Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, Maryland, District of Columbia, and West Virginia (date acquired; designated a NM 1961; incorporated in Chesapeake and Ohio Canal NHP 1971)

May 17Santa Rosa Island NM, Florida (abolished 1946; island included in Gulf Islands NS 1971)
May 26Federal Hall Memorial NHS, New York (redesignated Federal Hall NMem 1955)
May 26Philadelphia Custom House NHS, Pennsylvania (incorporated in Independence NHP 1959)
July 1Mount Rushmore NMem, South Dakota (date acquired)
July 25Tuzigoot NM, Arizona

March 4Kings Canyon NP, California (incorporated General Grant NP)
June 11Cumberland Gap NHP, Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee
Dec. 18Vanderbilt Mansion NHS, New York

April 5Fort Raleigh NHS, North Carolina

March 15Jackson Hole NM, Wyoming (incorporated in Grand Teton NP 1950)
July 14George Washington Carver NM, Missouri

Jan. 15Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt NHS, New York
June 30Harpers Ferry NM, West Virginia and Maryland (redesignated a NHP 1963)
Oct. 13Atlanta Campaign NHS, Georgia (abolished 1950)

May 22Millerton Lake Recreation Area, California (abolished 1957)
May 22Shasta Lake Recreation Area, California (transferred to Forest Service 1948)

April 18Lake Texoma Recreation Area, Oklahoma and Texas (transferred to Corps of Engineers 1949)
Aug. 12Castle Clinton NM, New York
Dec. 9Adams Mansion NHS, Massachusetts (redesignated Adams NHS 1952; redesignated Adams NHP 1998)
Dec. 18Coulee Dam NRA, Washington (redesignated Lake Roosevelt NRA 1997)

April 25Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park, North Dakota (redesignated a NP 1978)

March 11DeSoto NMem, Florida
April 28Fort Sumter NM, South Carolina
June 19Fort Vancouver NM, Washington (redesignated a NHS 1961)
June 22Hampton NHS, Maryland
June 28Independence NHP, Pennsylvania (incorporated Independence Hall NHS, designated 1943)

Feb. 14San Juan NHS, Puerto Rico
June 8Saint Croix Island NM, Maine (redesignated an International Historic Site 1984)
Aug. 17Suitland Parkway, Maryland and District of Columbia (date acquired; incorporated in National Capital Parks 1975)
Oct. 25Effigy Mounds NM, Iowa

Aug. 3Baltimore-Washington Parkway, Maryland (date acquired; incorporated in National Capital Parks 1975)
Aug. 3Greenbelt Park, Maryland
Sept. 14Grand Teton NP, Wyoming (incorporated 1929 NP and Jackson Hole NM)
Sept. 21Fort Caroline NMem, Florida

March 4Virgin Islands NHS, Virgin Islands (redesignated Christiansted NHS 1961)
June 27Shadow Mountain Recreation Area, Colorado (transferred to Forest Service 1979)
July 9Coronado NMem, Arizona

June 28Fort Union NM, New Mexico

July 26City of Refuge NHP, Hawaii (redesignated Puuhonua o Honaunau NHP 1978)
Dec. 6Edison Home NHS, New Jersey (incorporated in Edison NHS 1962)

April 2Booker T. Washington NM, Virginia
July 14Edison Laboratory NM, New Jersey (incorporated in Edison NHS 1962)
July 20Pea Ridge NMP, Arkansas
July 25Horseshoe Bend NMP, Alabama
Aug. 2Virgin Islands NP, Virgin Islands

April 18Glen Canyon NRA, Utah and Arizona
May 29Fort Clatsop NMem, Oregon
Aug. 14General Grant NMem, New York
Sept. 2Grand Portage NM, Minnesota (designated a NHS 1951)

April 14Minute Man NHS, Massachusetts (redesignated a NHP Sept. 21)
Sept. 1Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, District of Columbia (dedicated 1997)

April 22Wilson's Creek Battlefield NP, Missouri (redesignated Wilson's Creek NB 1970)
June 3Bent's Old Fort NHS, Colorado
July 6Arkansas Post NMem, Arkansas
Sept. 13Haleakala NP, Hawaii (detached from Hawaii NP)
Dec. 24St. Thomas NHS, Virgin Islands (abolished 1975)

May 11Russell Cave NM, Alabama
Aug. 7Cape Cod NS, Massachusetts
Sept. 8Fort Davis NHS, Texas
Sept. 13Fort Smith NHS, Arkansas
Oct. 4Piscataway Park, Maryland
Dec. 28Buck Island Reef NM, Virgin Islands

Feb. 19Lincoln Boyhood NMem, Indiana
April 27Hamilton Grange NMem, New York
May 31Whiskeytown-Shasta-Trinity NRA, California (Whiskeytown Unit)
July 25Sagamore Hill NHS, New York
July 25Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace NHS, New York
Sept. 5Edison NHS, New Jersey (incorporated Edison Home NHS and Edison Laboratory NM)
Sept. 5Frederick Douglass Home, District of Columbia (redesignated Frederick Douglass NHS 1988)
Sept. 13Point Reyes NS, California
Sept. 28Padre Island NS, Texas

July 22Flaming Gorge Recreation Area, Utah and Wyoming (transferred to Forest Service 1968)

Aug. 27Ozark National Scenic Riverways, Missouri
Aug. 30Fort Bowie NHS, Arizona
Aug. 31Allegheny Portage Railroad NHS, Pennsylvania
Aug. 31Fort Larned NHS, Kansas
Aug. 31John Muir NHS, California
Aug. 31Johnstown Flood NMem, Pennsylvania
Aug. 31Saint-Gaudens NHS, New Hampshire
Sept. 3Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965
Sept. 3Wilderness Act
Sept. 11Fire Island NS, New York
Sept. 12Canyonlands NP, Utah
Dec. 31Bighorn Canyon NRA, Wyoming and Montana

Feb. 1Arbuckle NRA, Oklahoma (incorporated in Chickasaw NRA 1976)
Feb. 11Curecanti NRA, Colorado
March 15Sanford NRA, Texas (redesignated Lake Meredith Recreation Area 1972; redesignated Lake Meredith NRA 1990)
May 15Nez Perce NHP, Idaho
June 5Agate Fossil Beds NM, Nebraska
June 28Pecos NM, New Mexico (incorporated in Pecos NHP 1990)
July 30Golden Spike NHS, Utah (designated 1957)
Aug. 12Herbert Hoover NHS, Iowa
Aug. 28Hubbell Trading Post NHS, Arizona
Aug. 31Alibates Flint Quarries and Texas Panhandle Pueblo Culture NM, Texas (redesignated Alibates Flint Quarries NM 1978)
Sept. 1Delaware Water Gap NRA, Pennsylvania and New Jersey
Sept. 21Assateague Island NS, Maryland and Virginia
Oct. 22Roger Williams NMem, Rhode Island
Nov. 11Amistad Recreation Area, Texas (redesignated Amistad NRA 1990)

March 10Cape Lookout NS, North Carolina
June 20Fort Union Trading Post NHS, North Dakota and Montana
June 30Chamizal NMem, Texas
July 23George Rogers Clark NHP, Indiana
Sept. 9San Juan Island NHP, Washington
Oct. 15National Historic Preservation Act
Oct. 15Guadalupe Mountains NP, Texas
Oct. 15Pictured Rocks NL, Michigan
Oct. 15Wolf Trap Farm Park for the Performing Arts, Virginia
Nov. 2Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural NHS, New York
Nov. 5Indiana Dunes NL, Indiana

May 26John Fitzgerald Kennedy NHS, Massachusetts
Nov. 27Eisenhower NHS, Pennsylvania

March 12National Visitor Center, District of Columbia (abolished 1981)
April 5Saugus Iron Works NHS, Massachusetts
Oct. 2National Trails System Act
Oct. 2Wild and Scenic Rivers Act
Oct. 2Appalachian NST, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina, Georgia
Oct. 2Lake Chelan NRA, Washington
Oct. 2North Cascades NP, Washington
Oct. 2Redwood NP, California
Oct. 2Ross Lake NRA, Washington
Oct. 2Saint Croix National Scenic Riverway, Minnesota and Wisconsin
Oct. 17Carl Sandburg Home NHS, North Carolina
Oct. 18Biscayne NM, Florida (incorporated in Biscayne NP 1980)

Jan. 20Marble Canyon NM, Arizona (incorporated in Grand Canyon NP 1975)
Aug. 20Florissant Fossil Beds NM, Colorado
Dec. 2Lyndon B. Johnson NHS, Texas (redesignated a NHP 1980)
Dec. 2William Howard Taft NHS, Ohio

Sept. 26Apostle Islands NL, Wisconsin
Oct. 16Andersonville NHS, Georgia
Oct. 16Fort Point NHS, California
Oct. 21Sleeping Bear Dunes NL, Michigan

Jan. 8Chesapeake and Ohio Canal NHP, District of Columbia, Maryland, and West Virginia (incorporated Chesapeake and Ohio Canal NM)
Jan. 8Gulf Islands NS, Florida and Mississippi
Jan. 8Voyageurs NP, Minnesota
Aug. 18Lincoln Home NHS, Illinois

March 1Buffalo NR, Arkansas
June 16John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, District of Columbia (date acquired; transferred to Kennedy Center Trustees 1994)
Aug. 17Puukohola Heiau NHS, Hawaii
Aug. 25Grant-Kohrs Ranch NHS, Montana
Aug. 25John D. Rockefeller, Junior, Memorial Parkway, Wyoming
Oct. 9Longfellow NHS, Massachusetts
Oct. 21Hohokam Pima NM, Arizona
Oct. 21Mar-A-Lago NHS, Florida (designated 1969; abolished 1980)
Oct. 21Thaddeus Kosciuszko NMem, Pennsylvania
Oct. 23Cumberland Island NS, Georgia
Oct. 23Fossil Butte NM, Wyoming
Oct. 27Gateway NRA, New York and New Jersey
Oct. 27Golden Gate NRA, California

Dec. 28Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac, District of Columbia

March 7Big South Fork NR and Recreation Area, Kentucky and Tennessee
Aug. 1Constitution Gardens, District of Columbia
Oct. 1Boston NHP, Massachusetts
Oct. 11Big Cypress NPres, Florida
Oct. 11Big Thicket NPres, Texas
Oct. 26Clara Barton NHS, Maryland
Oct. 26John Day Fossil Beds NM, Oregon
Oct. 26Knife River Indian Villages NHS, North Dakota
Oct. 26Martin Van Buren NHS, New York
Oct. 26Springfield Armory NHS, Massachusetts
Oct. 26Tuskegee Institute NHS, Alabama
Dec. 27Cuyahoga Valley NRA, Ohio (redesignated a NP, 2000)

Jan. 3Canaveral NS, Florida

March 17Chickasaw NRA, Oklahoma (incorporated Platt NP and Arbuckle NRA)
June 30Klondike Gold Rush NHP, Alaska and Washington
July 4Valley Forge NHP, Pennsylvania
Aug. 19Ninety Six NHS, South Carolina
Oct. 12Obed WSR, Tennessee
Oct. 18Congaree Swamp NP, South Carolina
Oct. 18Eugene O'Neill NHS, California
Oct. 21Monocacy NB, Maryland (reauthorization and redesignation of Monocacy NMP)

May 26Eleanor Roosevelt NHS, New York

June 5Lowell NHP, Massachusetts
Aug. 15Chattahoochee NRA, Georgia
Aug. 18War in the Pacific NHP, Guam
Oct. 19Fort Scott NHS, Kansas
Nov. 10Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve, Washington
Nov. 10Edgar Allan Poe NHS, Pennsylvania
Nov. 10Friendship Hill NHS, Pennsylvania
Nov. 10Jean Lafitte NHP and Preserve, Louisiana (incorporated Chalmette NHP)
Nov. 10Kaloko-Honokohau NHP, Hawaii
Nov. 10Maggie L. Walker NHS, Virginia
Nov. 10Middle Delaware NSR, Pennsylvania and New Jersey
Nov. 10Missouri National Recreational River, Nebraska and South Dakota
Nov. 10New River Gorge NR, West Virginia
Nov. 10Palo Alto Battlefield NHS, Texas
Nov. 10Rio Grande WSR, Texas
Nov. 10Saint Paul's Church NHS, New York (designated 1943)
Nov. 10San Antonio Missions NHP, Texas
Nov. 10Santa Monica Mountains NRA, California
Nov. 10Thomas Stone NHS, Maryland
Nov. 10Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River, Pennsylvania and New York
Dec. 1Aniakchak NM, Alaska (incorporated in legislated Aniakchak NM and Aniakchak NPres by ANILCA 1980)
Dec. 1Bering Land Bridge NM, Alaska (redesignated a NPres by ANILCA 1980)
Dec. 1Cape Krusenstern NM, Alaska
Dec. 1Denali NM, Alaska (incorporated with Mount McKinley NP in Denali NP and Denali NPres by ANILCA 1980)
Dec. 1Gates of the Arctic NM, Alaska (incorporated in Gates of the Arctic NP and Gates of the Arctic NPres by ANILCA 1980)
Dec. 1Glacier Bay NM, Alaska (addition to existing NM; total incorporated in Glacier Bay NP and Glacier Bay NPres by ANILCA 1980)
Dec. 1Katmai NM, Alaska (addition to existing NM; total incorporated in Katmai NP and Katmai NPres by ANILCA 1980)
Dec. 1Kenai Fjords NM, Alaska (redesignated a NP by ANILCA 1980)
Dec. 1Kobuk Valley NM, Alaska (redesignated a NP by ANILCA 1980)
Dec. 1Lake Clark NM, Alaska (incorporated in Lake Clark NP and Lake Clark NPres by ANILCA 1980)
Dec. 1Noatak NM, Alaska (incorporated in Noatak NPres by ANILCA 1980)
Dec. 1Wrangell—St. Elias NM, Alaska (incorporated in Wrangell—St. Elias NP and Wrangell—St. Elias NPres by ANILCA 1980)
Dec. 1Yukon-Charley NM, Alaska (redesignated Yukon-Charley Rivers NPres by ANILCA 1980)

Oct. 12Frederick Law Olmsted NHS, Massachusetts

March 5Channel Islands NP, California (incorporated Channel Islands NM)
June 28Biscayne NP, Florida (incorporated Biscayne NM)
July 1Vietnam Veterans Memorial, District of Columbia (dedicated 1982)
Sept. 9USS Arizona Memorial, Hawaii
Oct. 10Boston African American NHS, Massachusetts
Oct. 10Martin Luther King, Junior, NHS, Georgia
Dec. 2Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA)
Dec. 2Alagnak Wild River, Alaska
Dec. 19Chaco Culture NHP, New Mexico (incorporated Chaco Canyon NM)
Dec. 19Salinas NM, New Mexico (incorporated Gran Quivira NM; redesignated Salinas Pueblo Missions NM 1988)
Dec. 22Kalaupapa NHP, Hawaii
Dec. 28James A. Garfield NHS, Ohio
Dec. 28Women's Rights NHP, New York

March 28Natchez Trace NST, Mississippi, Alabama, and Tennessee
March 28Potomac Heritage NST, Maryland, District of Columbia, Virginia, and Pennsylvania
May 23Harry S Truman NHS, Missouri (designated 1982)

Oct. 21Steamtown NHS, Pennsylvania
Oct. 27Great Basin NP, Nevada (incorporated Lehman Caves NM)
Oct. 28Korean War Veterans Memorial, District of Columbia (dedicated 1995)

June 25Pennsylvania Avenue NHS, District of Columbia (designated 1965)
Dec. 23Jimmy Carter NHS, Georgia
Dec. 31El Malpais NM, New Mexico

Feb. 16Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve, Florida
June 27San Francisco Maritime NHP, California (formerly part of Golden Gate NRA)
Sept. 8Charles Pinckney NHS, South Carolina
Oct. 7Natchez NHP, Mississippi
Oct. 31National Park of American Samoa, American Samoa
Oct. 31Poverty Point NM, Louisiana
Nov. 18City of Rocks National Reserve, Idaho
Nov. 18Hagerman Fossil Beds NM, Idaho
Nov. 18Mississippi NR and Recreation Area, Minnesota
Dec. 26Bluestone NSR, West Virginia
Dec. 26Gauley River NRA, West Virginia

Oct. 2Ulysses S. Grant NHS, Missouri

June 27Pecos NHP, New Mexico (incorporated Pecos NM)
June 27Petroglyph NM, New Mexico
Aug. 6Tumacacori NHP, Arizona (incorporated Tumacacori NM)
Oct. 31Weir Farm NHS, Connecticut

May 24Niobrara NSR, Nebraska
Dec. 11Mary McLeod Bethune Council House NHS, District of Columbia (designated 1982)

Feb. 24Salt River Bay NHP and Ecological Preserve, Virgin Islands
March 3Manzanar NHS, California
May 27Hopewell Culture NHP, Ohio (incorporated Mound City Group NM)
Aug. 26Marsh-Billings NHP, Vermont (redesignated Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller NHP 1998)
Oct. 16Dayton Aviation Heritage NHP, Ohio
Oct. 21Little River Canyon NPres, Alabama
Oct. 26Brown v. Board of Education NHS, Kansas
Oct. 27Great Egg Harbor Scenic and Recreational River, New Jersey
Oct. 27Keweenaw NHP, Michigan

Oct. 31Death Valley NP, California and Nevada (incorporated Death Valley NM)
Oct. 31Joshua Tree NP, California (incorporated Joshua Tree NM)
Oct. 31Mojave NPres, California
Oct. 31New Orleans Jazz NHP, Louisiana
Nov. 2Cane River Creole NHP, Louisiana

Nov. 12Boston Harbor Islands NRA, Massachusetts
Nov. 12New Bedford Whaling NHP, Massachusetts
Nov. 12Nicodemus NHS, Kansas
Nov. 12Tallgrass Prairie NPres, Kansas
Nov. 12Washita Battlefield NHS, Oklahoma

Oct. 9Oklahoma City (Affiliated Area), Oklahoma

Nov. 6Little Rock Central High School NHS, Arkansas
Nov. 6Tuskegee Airmen NHS, Alabama

Nov. 29Minuteman Missile NHS, South Dakota

Oct. 11First Ladies NHS, Ohio
Oct. 24Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front NHP, California
Nov. 7Sand Creek Massacre NHS, Colorado
Nov. 22Great Sand Dunes NPres, Colorado

Jan. 17Minidoka Internment NM, Idaho
Jan. 17Virgin Islands Coral Reef NM, Virgin Islands
Jan. 20Governors Island NM, New York
May 28World War II Memorial, Washington, DC
Nov. 5Adams Memorial, Washington, DC

Jan. 10Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial, Washington, DC
Feb. 6Ronald Reagan Boyhood Home NHS, Illinois
Aug. 21Craters of the Moon NPres, Idaho
Sep. 24Flight 93 NMem, Pennsylvania
Dec. 19Cedar Creek & Belle Grove NHP, Virginia

Units Pending
Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial, Washington, DC
Sand Creek Massacre NHS, Colorado
World War II Memorial, Washington, DC
Adams Memorial, Washington, DC
Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial, Washington, DC
Ronald Reagan Boyhood Home NHS, Illinois
Carter G. Woodson Home, Washington, DC

Abbreviations Used in the Table
NB National Battlefield
NBP National Battlefield Park
NBS National Battlefield Site
NHP National Historical Park
NHS National Historic Site
NL National Lakeshore
NM National Monument
NMem National Memorial
NMP National Military Park
NP National Park
NPres National Preserve
NR National River
NRA National Recreation Area
NS National Seashore
NSR National Scenic River [changed from Riverway]
NST National Scenic Trail
WSR Wild and Scenic River

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Last Modified: Wed, Mar 17 2004 07:08:48 pm PDT

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