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Shaping the System




Shaping the System


The National Parks:

Shaping the System
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National Park System Additions 1952-72

March 4Virgin Islands NHS, Virgin Islands (redesignated Christiansted NHS 1961)
June 27Shadow Mountain NRA, Colorado (transferred to Forest Service 1979)
July 9Coronado NMem, Arizona
June 28Fort Union NM, New Mexico
July 26City of Refuge NHP, Hawaii (redesignated Pu'uhonua o Honaunau NHP 1978)
Dec. 6Edison Home NHS, New Jersey (incorporated in Edison NHS 1962)
April 2Booker T. Washington NM, Virginia
July 14Edison Laboratory NM, New Jersey (incorporated in Edison NHS 1962)
July 20Pea Ridge NMP, Arkansas
July 25Horseshoe Bend NMP, Alabama
Aug. 2Virgin Islands NP, Virgin Islands
April 18Glen Canyon NRA, Utah and Arizona
May 29Fort Clatsop NMem, Oregon
Aug. 14General Grant NMem, New York
Sept. 2Grand Portage NM, Minnesota (designated a NHS 1951)
April 14Minute Man NHS, Massachusetts (redesignated a NHP Sept. 21)
Sept. 1Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, District of Columbia (dedicated 1997)
April 22Wilson's Creek Battlefield NP, Missouri (redesignated Wilson's Creek NB 1970)
June 3Bent's Old Fort NHS, Colorado
July 6Arkansas Post NMem, Arkansas
Sept. 13Haleakala NP, Hawaii (detached from Hawaii NP)
Dec. 24St. Thomas NHS, Virgin Islands (abolished 1975)
May 11Russell Cave NM, Alabama
Aug. 7Cape Cod NS, Massachusetts
Sept. 8Fort Davis NHS, Texas
Sept. 13Fort Smith NHS, Arkansas
Oct. 4Piscataway Park, Maryland
Dec.28Buck Island Reef NM, Virgin Islands
Feb. 19Lincoln Boyhood NMem, Indiana
April 27Hamilton Grange NMem, New York
May 31Whiskeytown-Shasta-Trinity NRA, California (Whiskeytown Unit)
July 25Sagamore Hill NHS, New York
July 25Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace NHS, New York
Sept. 5Edison NHS, New Jersey (incorporated Edison Home NHS and Edison Laboratory NM)
Sept. 5Frederick Douglass Home, District of Columbia (redesignated Frederick Douglass NHS 1988)
Sept. 13Point Reyes NS, California
Sept. 28Padre Island NS, Texas
July 22Flaming Gorge NRA, Utah and Wyoming (transferred to Forest Service 1968)
Aug. 27Ozark NSR, Missouri
Aug. 30Fort Bowie NHS, Arizona
Aug. 31Allegheny Portage Railroad NHS, Pennsylvania
Aug. 31Fort Larned NHS, Kansas
Aug. 31John Muir NHS, California
Aug. 31Johnstown Flood NMem, Pennsylvania
Aug. 31Saint-Gaudens NHS, New Hampshire
Sept. 3Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965
Sept. 3Wilderness Act
Sept. 11Fire Island NS, New York
Sept. 12Canyonlands NP, Utah
Dec. 31Bighorn Canyon NRA, Wyoming and Montana
Feb. 1Arbuckle NRA, Oklahoma (incorporated in Chickasaw NRA 1976)
Feb. 11Curecanti NRA, Colorado
March 15Sanford NRA, Texas (redesignated Lake Meredith Recreation Area 1972; redesignated Lake Meredith NRA 1990)
May 15Nez Perce NHP, Idaho
June 5Agate Fossil Beds NM, Nebraska
June 28Pecos NM, New Mexico (incorporated in Pecos NHP 1990)
July 30Golden Spike NHS, Utah (designated 1957)
Aug. 12Herbert Hoover NHS, Iowa
Aug. 28Hubbell Trading Post NHS, Arizona
Aug. 31Alibates Flint Quarries and Texas Panhandle Pueblo Culture NM, Texas (redesignated Alibates Flint Quarries NM 1978)
Sept. 1Delaware Water Gap NRA, Pennsylvania and New Jersey
Sept. 21Assateague Island NS, Maryland and Virginia
Oct. 22Roger Williams NMem, Rhode Island
Nov. 11Amistad Recreation Area, Texas (redesignated Amistad NRA 1990)
March 10Cape Lookout NS, North Carolina
June 20Fort Union Trading Post NHS, North Dakota and Montana
June 30Chamizal NMem, Texas
July 23George Rogers Clark NHP, Indiana
Sept. 9San Juan Island NHP, Washington
Oct. 15National Historic Preservation Act
Oct. 15Guadalupe Mountains NP, Texas
Oct. 15Pictured Rocks NL, Michigan
Oct. 15Wolf Trap Farm Park for the Performing Arts, Virginia
Nov. 2Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural NHS, New York
Nov. 5Indiana Dunes NL, Indiana
May 26John Fitzgerald Kennedy NHS, Massachusetts
Nov. 27Eisenhower NHS, Pennsylvania
March 12National Visitor Center, District of Columbia (abolished 1981)
April 5Saugus Iron Works NHS, Massachusetts
Oct. 2National Trails System Act
Oct. 2Wild and Scenic Rivers Act
Oct. 2Appalachian NST, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina, Georgia
Oct. 2Lake Chelan NRA, Washington
Oct. 2North Cascades NP, Washington
Oct. 2Redwood NP, California
Oct. 2Ross Lake NRA, Washington
Oct. 2St. Croix NSR, Minnesota and Wisconsin
Oct. 17Carl Sandburg Home NHS, North Carolina
Oct. 18Biscayne NM, Florida (incorporated in Biscayne NP 1980)
Jan. 20Marble Canyon NM, Arizona (incorporated in Grand Canyon NP 1975)
Aug. 20Florissant Fossil Beds NM, Colorado
Dec. 2Lyndon B. Johnson NHS, Texas (redesignated a NHP 1980)
Dec. 2William Howard Taft NHS, Ohio
Sept. 26Apostle Islands NL, Wisconsin
Oct. 16Andersonville NHS, Georgia
Oct. 16Fort Point NHS, California
Oct. 21Sleeping Bear Dunes NL, Michigan
Jan. 8Chesapeake and Ohio Canal NHP, District of Columbia, Maryland, and West Virginia (incorporated Chesapeake and Ohio Canal NM)
Jan. 8Gulf Islands NS, Florida and Mississippi
Jan. 8Voyageurs NP, Minnesota
Aug. 18Lincoln Home NHS, Illinois
March 1Buffalo NR, Arkansas
June 16John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, District of Columbia (date acquired; transferred to Kennedy Center Trustees 1994)
Aug. 17Puokohola Heiau NHS, Hawaii
Aug. 25Grant-Kohrs Ranch NHS, Montana
Aug. 25John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Memorial Parkway, Wyoming
Oct. 9Longfellow NHS, Massachusetts
Oct. 21Hohokam Pima NM, Arizona
Oct. 21Mar-A-Lago NHS, Florida (designated 1969; abolished 1980)
Oct. 21Thaddeus Kosciuszko NMem, Pennsylvania
Oct. 23Cumberland Island NS, Georgia
Oct. 23Fossil Butte NM, Wyoming
Oct. 25Lower St. Croix NSR, Minnesota and Wisconsin
Oct. 27Gateway NRA, New York and New Jersey
Oct. 27Golden Gate NRA, California

Abbreviations Used in the Table

NB National Battlefield
NBP National Battlefield Park
NBS National Battlefield Site
NHP National Historical Park
NHS National Historic Site
NL National Lakeshore
NM National Monument
NMem National Memorial
NMP National Military Park
NP National Park
NPres National Preserve
NR National River
NRA National Recreation Area
NS National Seashore
NSR National Scenic River [changed from Riverway]
NST National Scenic Trail
WSR Wild and Scenic River

map of parks added 1952-1972

NEXT> Rounding Out the System, 1973-90


Last Modified: Wed, Jan 10 2001 07:08:48 am PDT

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