Legacy of the Gold Rush:
An Administrative History of Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park
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I. Archival Collections

Alaska State Archives (ASA), Juneau:
     Alaska Development Board Records (RG 314)
     Department of Commerce and Economic Development (RG 08)
     Department of Economic Development (RG 15)
     Department of Health and Social Services (RG 06)
     Records of the State Governor (RG 01)
     Records of the Territorial Governor (RG 101)

Denver Public Library:
     Theodor (Ted) Swem Collection

National Archives, Alaska Region, Anchorage (NARA ANC):
     Bureau of Public Roads/Alaska Road Commission Collection (RG 30)
     U.S. Census Bureau Collection (RG 29)

National Park Service:
     Alaska System Support Office (AKSO), Anchorage:
          Cultural Resources (RCR) Collection
     Harpers Ferry Center, Harpers Ferry, West Virginia:
          National Park Service History Collection
     Klondike Gold Rush NHP (KLGO), Skagway:
          Administrative History Collection (AHC)
          Archives (RG 70)
          Central (Working) Files
          Chief Ranger's Files
          Historical (Library) Collection
          Photograph Collection
     Klondike Gold Rush NHP (KLSE), Seattle:
          Manuscript Collection

Parks Canada, Whitehorse:
     Chilkoot Trail Historical Collection.

State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO), Anchorage:
     Historic Preservation Grant Files.

Trail of '98 Museum Collection, Skagway:
     Skagway City Council Minutes

University of Alaska, Fairbanks (UAF):
     E. L. "Bob" Bartlett Collection
     Ernest Gruening Collection
     Ralph Rivers Collection

White Pass and Yukon Route (WP&YR) Company Archives, Skagway.

White Pass and Yukon Route Collection, Yukon Archives, Whitehorse.

IIa. Government Reports (Federal)

Atwood, N. Duane, KLGO, Ecological Reconnaissance Inventory, final report (Juneau, NPS/USFS), March 1994.

Battelle Memorial Institute, Transport Requirements for the Growth of Northwest North America, 87th Congress, 1st Session, House Document 176, volume 2 (Washington, D.C., GPO), May 25, 1961.

Bearss, Edwin C., Proposed Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park: Historic Resources Study (briefly cited as Klondike Park Study) (Washington, D.C., NPS Office of Archeology and Historic Preservation), November 15, 1970.

Blee, Catherine H., Archeological Investigations in Skagway, Alaska, Volume I: The White Pass and Yukon Route Broadway Depot and General Offices Buildings, Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park (Denver, NPS), September 1983.

Blee, Catherine Holder, Archeological Investigations in Skagway, Alaska, Volume 2: The Moore House and Cabin, Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park (Denver, NPS), 1988.

Blee, Catherine H., Robert L. Spude, and Paul C. Cloyd, Historic Structure Reports for Ten Buildings: Administrative, Physical History and Analysis Sections, Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park, Skagway, Alaska (Denver, NPS), January 1984.

Cloyd, Paul, Historic Structure Report, Administrative Section, Physical History and Analysis Section, White Pass and Yukon Route, Broadway Depot and General Offices Building, KLGO, Alaska (Denver, NPS), April 1981.

Cogswell, Marilee, comp., Legislative History for Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park, Washington and Alaska, 93rd Congress through 96th Congress, Volume I (Seattle, NPS), April 1986.

Copeland, Randall, Design Guidelines for Skagway Historic District, c. 1981.

Ingersoll, William, Interpretive Prospectus, KLGR, June 3, 1977.

Jones, Russell, Preliminary Estimate for Restoration and Stabilization of Buildings, Skagway (Denver, NPS), August 1972.

Konopa, Charles, A Bibliography of the Klondike Gold Rush, January 1979.

Konopa, Charles, and Kathy Maurich, A Brief History of the White Pass Trail: Skagway Bay to White Pass Summit, c. 1979.

Konopa, Charles, Seattle Bibliography: The Early and Turn-of-the-Century Gold Rush Days, February 1979.

Mackintosh, Barry, C&O Canal: The Making of a Park (Washington, NPS), 1991.

Mackintosh, Barry, The Historic Sites Survey and National Historic Landmarks Program: A History (Washington, NPS), 1985.

Mesford, Audrey, and Michael E. Gurling, Scope of Collections, KLSE, September 15, 1980.

National Park Service, Commercial Visitor Service Directory, editions of December 1994 and August 1995.

NPS, Cultural and Natural Resource Management Plan, KLGO (draft), February 1982.

NPS, Cultural Landscape Report for the Capt. William Moore Cabin, J. Bernard Moore House, Peniel Mission, and Pullen House Sites (Denver, the author), September 1995.

NPS, Federal Historic Preservation Laws (Washington, the author), 1993.

NPS, Final Environmental Statement: Proposed Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park, briefly cited as FES/KLGO (Seattle?, the author), 1974.

NPS, Interpretive Prospectus, KLGO (Harpers Ferry, the author), October 1981.

NPS, Interpretive Prospectus, KLSE (Harpers Ferry, the author), April 1985.

NPS, Land Acquisition Plan, KLGO, draft for public comment, March 1, 1980.

NPS, Land Protection Plan, KLGO, 1984.

NPS, National Historic Landmarks: A Preservation Program of the National Park Service (Washington, the author), 1976.

NPS, Project Prospectus, Preservation of Historic Railroad Structures, Proposed Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park, October 1969.

NPS, Proposed Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park Master Plan, preliminary working draft (briefly cited as KLGO Master Plan Draft), March 1971.

NPS, Proposed Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park, Master Plan (briefly cited as KLGO Master Plan) (Denver, the author), May 1973. Updated in October 1976.

NPS, Public Review of Preliminary Alternatives for KLGO General Management Plan, Skagway, Alaska and Seattle, Washington, Summer 1993.

NPS, Resource Management Plan, KLSE, December 21, 1981; July 1986; and November 23, 1993.

NPS, Scope of Collections, KLGO, December 3, 1982 and April 4, 1988.

NPS, Skagway, A Study of Alternatives, preliminary working draft (San Francisco?, the author), March 1969.

NPS, Statement for Interpretation, KLGO, FY 1994.

NPS, Statement for Interpretation, KLSE, June 1981 and 1989 (draft).

NPS, Statement for Management, KLSE, April 25, 1980; February 7, 1983; December 1985; and June 1990.

National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings, Theme XXI, Political and Military Affairs, 1865-1910: Special Study, Alaska History, 1741-1910 (Washington, NPS), 1961.

Orth, Donald J., Dictionary of Alaska Place Names, U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 567 (Washington, GPO), 1967.

Pardue, Diana, and Donald Cumberland, Collection Preservation Guide, KLGO, June 1983.

Pardue, Diana, Lynnette Arthur, and Kent Bush, Collections Management Plan, KLSE, August 1984.

Paustian, Steve, Susan Trull, Rick Foster, and Brad Krieckhaus, Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park Ecological Reconnaissance Inventory, Final Report (Sitka, U.S. Forest Service), 1994.

Pilk, Robert, Connie Rudd, and Paul Cloyd, Cultural Landscape Assessment for the Peniel Mission, Captain Moore Cabin, J. Bernard Moore House and Pullen House Sites, 90% Draft (Denver, NPS), December 1993.

Rhodes, Diane Lee, Archeological Investigations in Skagway, Alaska, Volume 3: The Mill Creek Dump and the Peniel Mission (Denver, NPS), 1988.

Schwatka, Lt. Frederick, "A Military Reconnaissance in Alaska," Senate Document 1023 (Washington, GPO), 1888.

Sheetz, Ronald E., Alan M. Levitan, and Bart Rogers, Condition Survey Report of Chilkoot Trail (KLGO) Artifacts (draft), 1994.

Snow, David E., and Robert L. Spude, Historic Structure Report, The Mascot Saloon Group, Historic Buildings 35H, 35G, and 35F, Historical and Architectural Data Sections, Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park, Skagway, Alaska (Denver, NPS), September 1981.

Spude, Catherine Holder, Douglas D. Scott, and Frank Norris, Archeological Investigations in Skagway, Alaska, Volume 4: Father Turnell's Trash Pit, Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park, Alaska (Denver, NPS), August 1993.

Spude, Robert L., comp., Chilkoot Trail: From Dyea to Summit with the '98 Stampeders, Occasional Paper No. 26 (Fairbanks, University of Alaska Cooperative Park Studies Unit), 1980.

Spude, Robert L. S., Skagway, District of Alaska, 1884-1912: Building the Gateway to the Klondike, Occasional Paper No. 36 (Fairbanks, Univ. of Alaska Cooperative Park Studies Unit), September 1983.

Stanton, William J., Economic Aspects of Recreation in Alaska, Part 1, Volume 1 of Alaska Recreation Survey (Washington, NPS), 1953.

Thomas, William R., Alaska Gold Rush Trails Study, preliminary draft (Anchorage, Bureau of Outdoor Recreation), 1975.

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract, 1993 (Washington, GPO), 1992.

U.S. Department of the Interior, Alaska: A Reconnaissance Report on the Potential Development of Water Resources in the Territory of Alaska for Irrigation, Power Production and Other Beneficial Uses (House Document 197, 82nd Congress, 1st Session), January 1952.

U.S. Department of the Interior, Department of the Interior Budget in Brief (Washington, GPO), fiscal years 1982-1995.

U.S. Department of the Interior, Rampart Project, Alaska: Market for Power and Effect on Natural Resources, vol. 2 (Juneau, the author), January 1965.

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Department of the Interior Budget Justifications, various years, 1978-1995.

IIb. NPS Contract Reports and Other Unpublished Reports

Adams, William Hampton, and David R. Brauner, Historical Archaeology in Skagway, Alaska; Archaeological Overview and Assessment of the Downtown Skagway Unit, KLGO (Philomath, Ore., Wabana Press), 1991.

Barron, James C. and Kenneth L. Casavant, Economic Impact of Proposed Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park, Skagway, Alaska, December 1974.

Bomhoff and Associates, Inc., Corps of Engineers, Alaska District, Dyea Erosion Study, April 1975.

Carley, Caroline D., Inventory of Cultural Resources in Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park (Seattle, Office of Public Archaeology, University of Washington, Reconnaissance Report No. 40), 1981.

Corley, Margaret A., "Pioneer Square National Register District Inventory and Boundaries," July 1969.

Davis, Craig W., The Old Dyea or Native Cemetery Excavation and Exhumation Project Report, unpub. mss., 1978.

Ertec Northwest, Additional Cultural Resources Survey and Summary Assessment of the West Creek Hydroelectric Project (Anchorage, the author), March 25, 1983.

Gurcke, Karl, Archeological Features Found in the Dyea and Chilkoot Trail Unit, KLGO, unpub. mss., June 1995.

Gurcke, Karl, Cultural Resources Along the Chilkoot Trail: Trailhead to Finnegan's Point, unpub. mss., 1986.

Gurcke, Karl, Gold Rush Archeology: The Surveying and Testing of Dyea, Alaska, 1984-85, unpub. mss., 1986.

Gurcke, Karl, "KLGO, History of Cultural Resource Projects," unpub. mss., February 1995.

Gurcke, Karl, and Frank Norris, "Historical Overview of Four Vacant Tracts at KLGO, Skagway, Alaska," unpub. mss., 1988.

Gurcke, Karl, and Frank Norris, "Archeological Clearance Report: The Myrick Tract/Administrative Site Clearance," unpub. mss., 1988.

Hogg, Robert F., Ambition and Ability; A History of Moran Brothers Company, With an Emphasis on its Role in the Klondike Gold Rush, July 28, 1986.

Jones and Jones, Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park, Skagway, Alaska: Conceptual Master Plan for Landscaping in the Historic District, June 1994.

NPS, "Superintendent's Annual Report" (SAR), KLGO, 1982 to present.

NPS, "Superintendent's Annual Report" (SAR), KLSE, 1980 to present.

Norris, Frank and Carol Taylor, Historic Structures and Sites, Dyea and the Chilkoot Trail, unpub. mss., 1986.

Spude, Robert L., "Historic Use of the Chilkoot Trail, Alaska," data compiled for BLM Case File AA-37758, Klondike Gold Rush N.H.P. (Anchorage, NPS), March 1984.

Wellenhoffer, Candace, Frank Norris, and Karl Gurcke, "Personnel List for the U.S. and Canadian Parks in Skagway and Along the Chilkoot Trail," unpub. mss., 1996.

Wells, Stephen, Skagway: A Frontier Community Investing Its Past in Its Future (Seattle, CPSU), March 1978.

Womble, Peter, Wendy Wolf, and Donald R. Field, Hikers on the Chilkoot Trail: A Descriptive Report (Seattle, CPSU), January 1978.

IIc. Government Reports (Territorial, State, or Municipal)

Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Public Law 96-487, Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, Legislative History, Volume XL: Section-By-Section Progress Analysis, unpub. mss., Fall 1981.

Alaska Department of Health and Welfare, Youth and Adult Authority, Annual Report, 1965.

Alaska Department of Highways, Skagway to Canadian Border: Draft Environmental Impact Statement, 1972.

Alaska Department of Natural Resources, The Chilkoot Trail: A Guide to the Goldrush Trail of '98 (Juneau, the author), editions of 1968, 1972, and 1974.

Alaska Department of Natural Resources, [Haines-Skagway area] Resource Inventory, draft, Volume I of land use study (Anchorage, the author), June 1978.

Alaska Department of Natural Resources, Haines-Skagway Area Landmark Planning Study, Regional Analysis, draft, Volume II of land use study (Anchorage?, the author), June 1978.

Alaska Department of Natural Resources, Haines-Skagway Area Land Use Plan, draft, Volume III of land use study (Anchorage?, the author), April 1979. Final plan issued in June 1979.

Alaska Division of Parks, Initial Historical and Archaeological Reconnaissance of Alaska Department of Highways Project S-0999(8), Skagway to Canadian Border, August 1973.

Alaska Highway Department, Alaska Historical Markers and Centennial Plaques (Juneau, the author), 1969.

Alaska Road Commission, Annual Report, fiscal years 1934 through 1948.

Choate, Glenda, Historical Records of the City of Skagway, Alaska, October 1980. Phase II of her inventory was completed in July 1982.

City of Skagway, Skagway Historic District Design Guidelines: A Place to Live, Work, Play and Visit, 1994.

Engineering Man Power Services, Skagway Campground Study (Juneau, the author), January 1978.

Hoag, Rush, The Promise of Power; Potential Economic Development in Southeast Alaska (Juneau, Department of Economic Development and Yukon-Taiya Commission), January 1972.

Holleman, Marybeth, Tourism: An Overview of the Industry (Anchorage, UAA Institute of Social and Economic Research), 1989?

Olson, Alan G., Haines-Skagway Area Land-Use Management Study, preliminary first draft (Juneau?, Alaska State Parks), December 9, 1974.

Seattle City Planning Commission, Pioneer Square: A Report (Seattle, the author), August 6, 1959.

Taylor, M. P., and Associates, City of Skagway, Land Use and Structural Inventory and Recommendations for a Preservation Plan, June 1974.

III. Government Reports (Canadian)

Canadian Environmental Sciences, Ltd., Chilkoot Trail: Provisional Master Plan Study (Ottawa, National and Historic Parks Branch), February 1972. Interim report issued August 1, 1970.

Canadian Parks Service, Proposed Chilkoot Trail National Historic Park, Management Planning Program, Plan Summary, August 1988.

Environment Canada-Parks, Proposed Chilkoot Trail National Historic Park, Management Planning Program newsletters. Issue No. 1 was dated May 1986; No. 2, December 1986; and No. 3, May 1987

Friesen, Richard J., The Chilkoot Pass and the Great Gold Rush of 1898 (Ottawa?, Parks Canada), March 31, 1978.

Lotz, J. R., "The Chilkoot Trail To-Day, Dyea to Bennett," unpub. mss., Dept. of Northern Affairs and National Development (Canada), written in October 1963 and updated (with the same title) in December 1965.

National Historic Sites Service, Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Klondike Gold Rush International Historic Park, Provisional Development Plan: Canadian Sites (Vancouver?, the author), c. 1970.

Parks Canada, Chilkoot Trail National Historic Site, Management Planning Program newsletters. Issue #1 was dated May 1993; #2, April 1994; #3, January 1995; and #4, August 1995.

Sookocheff, Tim, Klondike Gold Rush International Advisory Committee (Winnipeg, [Parks Canada] Prairie Regional Office), 1983.

IV. Public Documents

Alaska House Journal for 1951, 1964, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1978, 1981, and 1991.

Alaska Senate Journal for 1967, 1968, 1973, 1975, 1978, 1981, and 1991.

BLM, Public Land Order 436, January 13, 1948; PLO 868, October 21, 1952.

BLM, Power Site Classification No. 396, April 23, 1948.

Congressional Record, 1973, 12635, 12650-51, and 12820; 1975, 213 and 509; 1976, 16872-75; 1978, 4157.

Federal Register, March 11, 1961, 2138; April 29, 1961, 3703; June 21, 1977, 31501; May 14, 1980, 31805; May 29, 1992, 22826.

Historical Index Records, in BLM, Alaska State Office, Anchorage.

Property Deed Books, Skagway Magistrate's Office.

Senate Bill History (Alaska), 1981.

U.S. Census Bureau, Twelfth Census of Population, 1900, Alaska, Individualized returns: Vol. 5, Southern District.

U.S. Congress, Public Law 94-323, June 30, 1976; Public Law 94-465, October 20, 1976.

U.S. Senate, Report to Accompany S. 98 (Calendar No. 158, Report 94-166), June 2, 1975.

V. Newspapers

Anchorage Daily News, September 9, 1959; July 7, 1973; May 27, 1975; June 6, 1977; September 8 and 9, 1977; November 18, 1977; May 19, 1978; December 17, 1990; June 14, 1992; December 10, 1993.

Anchorage Daily Times, July 6, 1973; April 2, 1974; April 7, 1976; June 4 and 5, 1977; June 29, 1977; November 8, 1977; February 25, 1978; September 18, 1981.

Chicago Tribune, December 17, 1978.

Choteau (Montana) Calumet, May 24, 1886; September 9, 1886.

Cordova Times, December 27, 1974.

Daily Alaska Empire (Juneau), April 3, 1928.

Daily Alaskan (Skagway), various issues, 1898-1924.

Dyea Trail, various issues, 1898.

Fairbanks Daily News-Miner, December 8, 1972; June 9, 1976; June 6, 1977.

Juneau Alaska Empire, various issues, August 1964-June 1968.

Juneau Empire, February 17, 1981; December 6, 1992; February 21, 1995.

Lynn Canal News, various issues, 1979-1982.

Lynn Canal Weekly, April 28, 1955; June 30, 1955.

New York Times, September 1, 1982.

North Wind (Skagway), various issues, 1963-1978.

Redwood City (California) Times-Gazette, March 5, 1898.

San Francisco Examiner, September 18, 1968.

Seattle Post-Intelligencer, July 5, 1972; June 1 and 3, 1979.

Seattle Times, August 1, 1971; January 27, 1974; June 16, 1975; March 20, 1977; August 13, 1978; May 13, 1979.

Skaguay Alaskan (summer tourist newspaper), various issues, 1978-1993.

Skagway Alaskan, August 28, 1952.

Skagway News, various issues, 1978-1979, 1982-1996.

Southeast Alaska Empire (Juneau), various issues, October 1968 to January 1980.

Southeastern Log (Ketchikan), March 1980, September 1980.

Wall Street Journal, November 12, 1968.

Whitehorse Star, August 7, 1958; May 29, 1967; September 4, 1969; June 13, 1973; March 18, 1977; November 18, 1977.

Yukon Daily News (Whitehorse), July 10, 1967; August 11, 1967.

VI. Books

Robert E. Ackerman, Carl E. Gustafson, and Timothy B. Riordan, Alaska Highway Oil Pipeline Project: Skagway-White Pass Archeological and Paleontological Survey, March 26-31, 1979 (Pullman, Wash., Washington State University, Laboratory of Anthropology), 1979.

Alaska Federation of Women's Clubs, Alaska Federation of Women's Clubs, 1936-1937 [yearbook] (n.p., the author), March 1937.

Alaska Northwest Books, The Milepost, 44th edition (Bothell, Wash., the author), 1992.

Allen, Phillip, One Came Late (Edmonton, the author), 1992.

Berton, Pierre, The Klondike Fever: The Life and Death of the Last Great Gold Rush (New York, Alfred A. Knopf), 1977.

Bolotin, Norm, Klondike Lost, A Decade of Photographs by Kinsey and Kinsey (Anchorage, Alaska Northwest), 1980. This was Volume 7, No. 4 (November 1980) of Alaska Geographic.

Clifford, Howard, The Skagway Story (Anchorage, Alaska Northwest), 1975.

Coates, Ken and William R. Morrison, The Sinking of the Princess Sophia; Taking the North Down With Her (Fairbanks, University of Alaska Press), 1991.

Cohen, Stan, Gold Rush Gateway; Skagway and Dyea (Missoula, Mont., Pictorial Histories), 1986.

Cohen, Stan, The White Pass and Yukon Route; A Pictorial History (Missoula, Mont., Pictorial Histories Pub. Co.), 1980.

DeArmond, Robert N., Early Visitors to Southeastern Alaska: Nine Accounts (Anchorage, Alaska Northwest), 1978.

Dynes' Alaska Directory Company, Southeastern Alaska Directory, 1921, 129.

Green, Lewis, The Gold Hustlers (Anchorage, Alaska Northwest), 1977.

Itjen, Martin, The Story of the Tour on the Skagway, Alaska Street-Car (Skagway?, the author), 1938. Reprinted in 1962.

Johnson, James Albert, Carmack of the Klondike (Seattle, Epicenter Press), 1990.

Kaiper, Dan and Nan, Tlingit: Their Art, Culture, and Legends (Saanichton, B.C., Hancock House), 1978.

Kamenskii, Archimandrite Anatolii, Tlingit Indians of Alaska: Odessa, 1906 (Fairbanks, Univ. of Alaska Press), 1985.

Krause, Aurel, Journey to the Tlingits by Aurel and Arthur Krause, 1881/82, translated by Margot Krause McCaffrey (Haines, Haines Centennial Commission), 1981.

Krause, Aurel, The Tlingit Indians: Results of a Trip to the Northwest Coast of America and the Bering Straits, translated by Erna Gunther (Seattle, Univ. of Washington Press), 1956.

Lung, Ed, as told to Ella Martinsen, Black Sand and Gold (Portland, Binford and Mort), 1956.

Martin, Cy, Gold Rush Narrow Gauge: the Story of the White Pass and Yukon Route Railroad (Corona del Mar, Calif., Trans-Anglo Books), 1974.

McCourt, Edward, The Yukon and Northwest Territories (New York, St. Martin's Press), 1969.

Minter, Roy, The White Pass: Gateway to the Klondike (Fairbanks, Univ. of Alaska Press), 1987.

Moore, J. Bernard, Skagway in Days Primeval (New York, Vantage Press), 1968.

Naske, Claus-M., and Herman Slotnick, Alaska: A History of the 49th State (Grand Rapids, Mich., William B. Eerdmans), 1979.

Norris, Frank, Gawking at the Midnight Sun: The Tourist in Early Alaska (Anchorage, Alaska Historical Commission Studies in History #170), 1985.

Satterfield, Archie, Chilkoot Pass: the Most Famous Pass in the North (Anchorage, Alaska Northwest), 1978.

Satterfield, Archie, Chilkoot Pass, Then and Now (Anchorage, Alaska Northwest), 1973.

Satterfield, Archie, Klondike Park: from Seattle to Dawson City (Goldon, Colo., Fulcrum), 1993.

Schwatka, Frederick, A Summer in Alaska (St. Louis, J. W. Henry), 1894.

Sealaska Corporation, Native Cemetery and Historic Sites of Southeast Alaska, preliminary report (Seattle, Wilsey and Ham), 1975.

Speidel, Bill, Seattle Underground (Seattle, UnderGround Tours), 1968.

Stevens, G. R., History of the Canadian National Railways (New York, Macmillan), 1973.

Tuck, Harley, Klondike Diary, (Monroe, Wash., the author), 1974.

West, Charles B., Mr. Alaska, The Chuck West Story: 40 Years of Alaska Tourism, 1945-1985 (Seattle, Weslee), 1985.

Winslow, Kathryn, Big Pan-Out: the Story of the Klondike Gold Rush (New York, W. W. Norton), 1951.

Wright, Allen A., Prelude to Bonanza: the Discovery and Exploration of the Yukon (Sidney, B.C., Gray's Publishing, 1976), 144-145.

VII. Articles

"Alaska Marine Highway System, The," Alaska Review of Business and Economic Conditions 7 (October 1970), 1-16.

Barry, Mary J., "Alaska Steamship Company: A Legacy of Nostalgia," in Transportation in Alaska's Past (Anchorage, Office of History and Archaeology, Publication No. 30, 1982), 269-92.

Duncan-Clark, Betsy, "Skagway, Alaska: Examination of a Model of Private-Federal Partnership in Interpreting a Historic Community," in Raymond S. Tabata, Jane Yamashiro, and Gabriel Cherem, Joining Hands for Quality Tourism: Interpretation, Preservation, and the Travel Industry (Honolulu, University of Hawaii Sea Grant Extension Service, June 1992), 92-93.

"From Ketchikan to Dillingham, Nine Communities Plan New Arts Facilities," Arts in Alaska, January 15, 1976, 5.

Garrett, W. E., "Alaska's Marine Highway," National Geographic Magazine 127 (June 1965), 776-819.

Hinckley, Ted C., "The Inside Passage: A Popular Gilded Age Tour," Pacific Northwest Quarterly 56 (April 1965), 67-74.

"Historic Sites Advisory Committee Transacts Much Work at Juneau Meeting," Alaska History News 2 (April 1980), 1.

Jones, Robert D., "A Municipal Farmer," Alaska-Yukon Magazine, August 1907, 488-492.

Lotz, J. R., "On the Trail of '98," Seattle Post-Intelligencer, May 31, 1964, PR 10-12.

MacLachlan, Bruce B., "Tahltan," in June Helm, ed., Handbook of North American Indians: Vol. 6, Subarctic (Washington, Smithsonian Institution, 1981), p. 458-68.

McClellan, Catharine, "Inland Tlingit," "Tagish," and "Tutchone" chapters in June Helm, ed., Handbook of North American Indians: Vol. 6, Subarctic (Washington, Smithsonian Institution, 1981), pp. 469-505.

Miller, Mrs. C. R., "Alaska's Deserted City and its Flourishing Rival," Leslie's Weekly, August 2, 1906, 112.

Morgan, David P., "The Call of the Yukon is a Locomotive Whistle," Trains 23 (February 1963), 25.

Naske, Claus-M., "The Taiya Project," BC Studies 91-92 (Autumn and Winter 1991-92), 7-52.

"Pioneer Square," Bill Speidel's Seattle Guide 67 (August 25-September 2, 1989), 30.

Scidmore, Eliza Ruhamah, "The Northwest Passes to the Yukon," Alaska Journal 3 (Summer 1973), 144-46.

Spude, Robert L., "The Bark Canada's Legacy," in The Sea in Alaska's Past, Alaska Historical Society Conference Proceedings (Office of History and Archaeology Publications Series No. 25, November 1979), 206-15.

Spude, Robert L., "The Klondike Gold Rush, a Preservationist's View," paper given at Western Historical Association, St. Paul, October 11, 1984.

Spude, Robert L., "Management Decisions at Klondike Gold Rush NHP," CRM Bulletin 2 (September 1979), 1-2.

Spurr, Josiah Edward, "Through the Alaska Gold Diggings," Alaska Magazine 43 (March 1977), 32-34, 60-62.

Stuart, Richard, "Recycling Used Boom Towns: Dawson and Tourism," Northern Review 6 (Winter 1990), 108-31.

Suydam, Harry L., "Fool's Gold," Alaska Sportsman 8 (April 1942), 12-13, 19-22.

Tryck, Keith, "Rafting Down the Yukon," National Geographic Magazine 148 (December 1975), 830-61.

Wilkes, L. C., "Packers on the Dyea Trail," Alaska Sportsman 14 (June 1948), 6-11, 49-58.

VIII. Interviews (by the author unless otherwise noted; locations provided for in-person interviews)

Alderson, Clay, by Sandra Faulkner, Skagway, September 29, 1989.

Alderson, Clay, March 10, 1995; April 25, 1995; June 27, 1995; September 6, 1995; November 2, 1995.

Berland, Nancy, by Karl Gurcke, March 4, 1995.

Brady, Jeff, by Karl Gurcke, May 3, 1995.

Brady, Jeff, September 17, 1995.

Brown, William E., March 6, 1995.

Cable, Jay, by Sandra Faulkner, Anchorage, February 27, 1989.

Cable, Jay, Anchorage, October 13, 1994; December 8, 1994; January 26, 1995; February 21, 1995; March 13, 1995; April 4, 1995; May 1, 1995; May 30, 1995; June 30, 1995.

Chappell, Gordon, February 22, 1995.

Choate, Glenda, March 10, 1995; April 26, 1995.

Clark, Chuck and Helen, Skagway, March 13, 1985.

Conrad, Joanne, Seattle, October 19, 1994.

Corwin, Don, February 21, 1995.

Cyr, Alice, December 21, 1993.

Dennis, Silas, Sr., Skagway, March 5, 1985.

Dick, Richard, Skagway, June 5, 1984.

Duncan-Clark, Betsy, February 15, 1995; March 9, 1995.

Faulkner, Sandra, Anchorage, January 10, 1995.

Funk, David, Anchorage, March 8, 1995; May 1, 1995.

Gurcke, Karl, Skagway, August 9, 1988; October 26, 1994; February 9, 1995; March 10, 1995; May 2, 1995; May 30, 1995.

Haskell, Tod, February 23, 1995.

Healy, Thomas, Skagway, September 14, 1988.

Hedgecock, Christine, Whitehorse, October 21, 1993; February 14, 1994.

Henderson, Paul, by Sandra Faulkner, Seattle, August 22, 1988.

Higgins, Gary, by Sandra Faulkner, Denver, June 17, 1988.

Hoffman, Richard E., by Sandra Faulkner and William Hanable, Friday Harbor, Wash., August 22, 1988.

Home, Scott, Anchorage, April 27, 1995.

Hosford, Edward A., Skagway, June 7 and 9, 1986.

Hounsell, Elaine, October 26, 1994.

Huffman, Laurin, Seattle, October 19, 1994.

Jackson, John, Skagway, September 11, 1995.

Kalen, Barbara, Skagway, October 24, 1985.

Krafft, Katherine, June 15, 1995.

Leach, Michael, October 12 and 16, 1995; November 1, 1995.

Lofgren, Paul, February 16, 1995.

Novik, Jill, Seattle, July 21, 1994.

Pendleton, Ken, April 24, 1995.

Peterson, Steven M., February 8, 1994; February 13, 1995; February 27, 1995; March 13, 1995; May 30, 1995.

Rector, Claudia, Skagway, September 6, 1995.

Reed, Bruce, Skagway, September 8, 1995.

Russell, Willie, by Sandra Faulkner, Seattle, August 31, 1989.

Russell, Willie, Seattle, July 21, 1994; October 19, 1994; May 5, 1995.

Sims, Richard, by Sandra Faulkner, Renton, Wash., August 24, 1988.

Smith, Judy, February 23, 1994.

Snow, David, March 21, 1995.

Spude, Robert, March 21, 1995.

Swem, Theodor, Denver, November 17 and 18, 1994.

Taylor, Marvin, March 19, 1996.

Ward, Robert, March 10, 1995.

Warder, John, February 22, 1995; May 11, 1995.

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Last Updated: 24-Sep-2000