Jefferson National Expansion
Administrative History
NPS Logo

Administrative History
Sharon A. Brown


I. President Harry Truman, center, confers with Luther Ely Smith at the memorial's dedication June 1950. William Crowdus of JNEMA is to the president's left.

II. The architectural competition jury of award stand on the Old Courthouse steps. From left: S. Herbert Hare, Roland A. Wank, Charles Nagel, Jr., Louis La Beaume, Fiske Kimball, Richard J. Neutra, George Howe and William Wurster.

III. Eero Saarinen's first stage entry in the architectural competition's second stage.

IV. Eero Saarinen's prize winning entry in the architectural competition's second stage.

V. Eero Saarinen.

VI. The Arch's triangular sections are composed of stainless and plate steel, concrete and steel tendons.

VII. The Gateway Arch is "topped out" as the final section is inserted on October 28, 1965.

VIII. The creeper derricks are slowly backing down the Arch legs in this January 6, 1966 photograph. Arteaga Photos, Limited, St. Louis.

IX. The Old Courthouse and Luther Ely Smith Square as seen from the top of the Arch in 1979. Photo by Joseph L. Matthews.

X. Visitor Center and Museum of Westward Expansion Floor Plan.

All photos courtesy Jefferson National Expansion Memorial unless otherwise credited.

Administrative History
Bob Moore

1. The Gateway Arch
2. The Gateway Arch and Old Courthouse
3. Building demolition, Arch in background, 1965
4. Richard Ainsworth touching the Arch
5. The crowded Gateway Arch lobby
6. Jerry Schober
7. Conceptual drawing of the Gateway Arch Parking Garage
8. Parking lot on the grounds of the Gateway Arch
9. Dedication of the Gateway Arch Parking Garage, May 8, 1986
10. The completed Gateway Arch Parking Garage
11. Tucker Theater
12. Excavation on the site of JEFF's second theater project, 1990
13. High-pressure water jet used to excavate second theater
14. The excavation phase of construction nears completion, 1991
15. Carpeting the tiered seating area
16. Installation of the marble facing, exterior of projection booth
17. Completed interior, World Odyssey Theatre
18. Completed Theatre entrance
19. Program title page, Sixth Veiled Prophet Festival, 1883
20. Clean-up from the 1982 VP Fair
21. Patrons of the 1982 VP Fair with liquor they brought onto the grounds
22. Law enforcement rangers at the 1982 VP Fair
23. Enormous crowds at 1982 VP Fair waded in reflecting ponds
24. The Arch grounds, 1982 VP Fair
25. The Arch grounds, 1982 VP Fair
26. Aftermath of the 1982 VP Fair
27. Crowd watching fireworks, VP Fair
28. Food and craft booth, 1981 VP Fair
29. Emergency carts on the Gateway Arch grounds
30. Crowds watch the McDonnell-Douglas Air Show, 1985 VP Fair
31. Crowds wait for a featured performer on the main stage, VP Fair
32. Advertisement by Pet, Incorporated for the 1988 VP Fair
33. NPS information tent with Mark Engler, 1990 VP Fair
34. NPS cannon crew, 1990 VP Fair
35. Kenny Rogers performing at the 1992 VP Fair
36. Bill Cosby performed at the 1991 VP Fair
37. Aerial of people on the grounds, 1990 VP Fair
38. Crowds line the riverfront, 1989
39. Interior of the HVAC equipment room in the Gateway Arch complex
40. Maintenance Mechanic Lonnie Collins, constructing exhibits
41. Skylight Damage, Old Courthouse
42. Signs fabricated by St. Louis Ornamental Stone and Manufacturing Co.
43. The roof of the underground visitor center exposed for repair
44. Earth removal, August 21, 1990
45. Dave Caselli examines exposed pipe, October 5, 1990
46. The exposed visitor center roof, October 24, 1990
47. Installation of Pave-Prep, October 29, 1990
48. Installation of Pave-Prep, November 2, 1990
49. Removal of old waterproofing material, November 7, 1990
50. The finished visitor center roof, November 17, 1990
51. Testing for water-tight qualities, November 26, 1990
52. The exposed visitor center roof, January 9, 1991
53. New installation of waterproofing material, February 2, 1991
54. Replacing soil, visitor center roof, April 1, 1991
55. The re-covered visitor center roof, April 11, 1991
56. Re-sodding, May 1991
57. Asbestos removal, January 9, 1991, entrance ramps
58. Temporary wall erected during asbestos removal, January 9, 1991
59. In 1967, the new Gateway Arch awaited a landscape plan
60. Grounds foreman Jim Jacobs
61. Dan Kiley, original landscape architect for the Arch grounds
62. Superintendent Harry Pfanz and John Ronscavage, 1970
63. The Grand Staircase under construction, 1976
64. Landscaping, 1979
65. Trees are planted by helicopter, 1980
66. Young Rosehill Ash trees, 1980
67. The completed grounds from the top of the Gateway Arch, 1990
68. St. Louis Post-Dispatch Photo of Carl Smith by Gary Bohn, 1987
69. Clearwing borer moths
70. Tractor Operator Bobbie Eakins aerating turf
71. Irrigation system with sprinklers running
72. Damage to a Rosehill Ash tree
73. Gardener Sharron Cudney assesses damage to a tree
74. Youth Conservation Corps crew, 1989
75. Dick Bowser, inventor of the Gateway Arch Transportation System
76. The Gateway Arch Transportation System
77. A completed capsule, 1965
78. The ATS crew working on a tram car, 1978
79. Harry Breitenstein replaces the aircraft warning light atop the Arch
80. Les Doolittle working on a tram car, 1978
81. Bi-State ticket for the Arch Transportation System, 1968
82. Dusting MWE Prisms, 1979
83. Buffing the floors
84. Old Courthouse from the top of the Gateway Arch
85. Investigation and restoration of original murals, 1955
86. Deteriorated cornice, 1978
87. The lantern, 1978
88. Fire investigation, Old Courthouse, 1979
89. Fire damage, Old Courthouse, 1979
90. Exterior Old Courthouse dome and scaffolding, 1980
91. Removing paint with a forced stream of walnut shells
92. Dome restoration, 1981
93. The Old Courthouse sheathed in scaffolding, 1986
94. Interior scaffolding, Old Courthouse
95. Restoration experts at work on the murals, Old Courthouse, 1985
96. Video monitor, with accessibility information, 1984
97. Ticket machine wagon for fee collection, 1988
98. Maintenance Mechanic Lonnie Collins working on a ticket wagon
99. George Baitinger tells visitors about the fee program
100. Bi-State Ticket Center
101. Original JNEHA Museum Shop, 1978
102. The new JNEHA Museum Shop, 1984
103. Visitors in the JNEHA Museum Shop
104. America's National Parks Store at St. Louis Union Station
105. Ray Breun and William Penn Mott at Union Station, 1988
106. Gary Candalaria and Karen Gustin interpreting at Union Station
107. Demonstration of rapelling at Union Station
108. Child touching Jefferson Statue, 1978
109. Interpreter greeting visitors to museum, 1978
110. Temporary exhibits, Gateway Arch visitor center, 1970s
111. Map of the Museum of Westward Expansion
112. Mounted bison specimen, Museum of Westward Expansion, 1976
113. Map of the Old Courthouse Exhibit Galleries
114. New Old Courthouse Exhibit featured the Old Rock House
115. Cathy Pellarin and Eleanor Hall conduct an overlander program
116. Tim Butler conducts an educational program
117. David Uhler conducts the off-site portion of a Partnership Program
118. Contents of a traveling trunk
119. Dred Scott education program
120. Dred Scott education program
121. Diane James conducts a Frontier Classroom Program
122. JNEHA Ranger Kurt Hosna interpreting in the museum
123. Basket weaver at the Frontier Folklife Festival
124. Sheep shearing at the Frontier Folklife Festival
125. Storyteller at the 1985 festival
126. John Toomer portrayed York in 1990 and 1991
127. A 25-foot-tall Christmas tree in the Old Courthouse rotunda
128. Jim Jackson and Andy Kling conduct a Scout program
129. 37-star American flag hangs in the rotunda of the Old Courthouse
130. Logo used for the 25th anniversary of the Gateway Arch, 1990
131. Volunteer Mary Reilly staffs the information desk in the Arch Lobby
132. Annual Volunteer Banquet, 1991
133. Librarian Tom Dewey
134. Dan Swift and David Uhler hang a temporary exhibit
135. American Indian Peace Medal Exhibit
136. Carolyn Buckner conducts a "Mock Trial" program
137. Cortez Holloway speaks to a member of the press from horseback, 1990
138. Chief Ranger Ivan Tolley, 1974
139. Park Rangers issue a warning at the VP Fair
140. Chief Ranger Deryl Stone, Chuck Carlson, Keith Temple, Chris Cessna
141. Rangers at the VP Fair
142. Dispatch Center
143. The Horse Patrol
144. The Bicycle Patrol
145. The Truman Home
146. Tom Richter
147. Repairs to the Truman site
148. White Haven, home of Ulysses S. and Julia Dent Grant
149. Frederick Dent
150. Second Lieutenant Ulysses S. Grant
151. The Grant family at Mount McGregor, N.Y., 1885
152. White Haven during the Wenzlick period
153. Interpretation at Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site
154. East St. Louis from the Top of the Gateway Arch
155. Members of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Commission
156. Public meeting on the steps of the Arch, August 13, 1986
157. A helicopter with nine cameras flies through the Arch, 1974
158. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower
159. H.R.H. Prince Charles of Great Britain
160. A rally for President Gerald Ford on the Arch grounds, 1976
161. An anti-ERA rally, 1983
162. Advertisement for Arch Grounds Seed Mix
163. John Agnew of East St. Louis relaxes on the grounds
164. Skating on the reflecting ponds, 1981

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Last Updated: 15-Jan-2004