USFS Logo Administering the National Forests of Colorado:
An Assessment of the Architectural and Cultural Significance of Historical Administrative Properties
NPS Logo




List of Tables

List of Figures

List of Site Summaries



Field and Archival Research

Administrative Site Development: A Historical Overview

Early Development and Administration of Colorado Forests
1930 to World War II: Administrative Response to the Great Depression
World War II and its Aftermath

Development of Rocky Mountain Region Administrative Architecture

Phase I: 1891-1910
Phase II: 1911-1932
Phase III: 1933-1942
Phase IV: 1943-Present
Development of Recreational Architecture
Development of Fire Lookout Architecture

Inventory and Results of Evaluation: An Introduction

Arapaho and Roosevelt National Forests

Pawnee National Grassland

Grand Mesa, Uncompahgre, and Gunnison National Forests

Pike and San Isabel National Forests and Comanche National Grassland

Rio Grande National Forest

Routt National Forest

San Juan National Forest

White River National Forest

References Cited

Appendix A. Forest Chronological Development

Appendix B. Quantitative Analysis and Scoring

Appendix C. Rocky Mountain Region Building Plan Inventory

1. CCC Camp Enrollee Composition for Colorado Forests 1939
2. CCC-Era Sites and Known New Deal Agency Involvement
3. Forest Service Acreage and Employees in Colorado 1918-1955
4. Population of County Seats with Forest Service Administrative Offices
5. Known USFS Lookout Sites in Colorado
6. Summary of Site Recommendations for Arapaho National Forest
7. Summary of Site Recommendations for Roosevelt National Forest
8. Summary of Site Recommendations for Pawnee National Grassland
9. Summary of Site Recommendations for Grand Mesa National Forest
10. Summary of Site Recommendations for Uncompahgre National Forests
11. Summary of Site Recommendations for Gunnison National Forest
12. Summary of Site Recommendations for Comanche National Grasslands
13. Summary of Site Recommendations for Pike National Forest
14. Summary of Site Recommendations for San Isabel National Forest
15. Summary of Site Recommendations for Rio Grande National Forest
16. Summary of Site Recommendations for Routt National Forest
17. Summary of Site Recommendations for San Juan National Forest
18. Summary of Site Recommendations for White River National Forest

1. Colorado Historical Society Geographic Contexts
2. Development of Colorado National Forest System Through 1911
3. Development of Colorado National Forest System Through 1930
4. Sheep and Cattle Grazing in the National Forests of Colorado: 1910-1926
5. Construction at Mesa Lakes with ERA Camp
6. Square Top Guard Station
7. CCC Enrollees at Camp F-49-C Constructing Latrines
8. Kamp Komfort Mesa Lakes Ranger Station
9. Cayton Guard Station
10. Building Plan and Elevation, Plan No. 3, Ranger's Dwelling
11. Glade Ranger Station Dwelling
12. Building Plan and Elevation, Derby Ranger Station Dwelling
13. Derby Ranger Station Dwelling
14. Site Plan, Derby Ranger Station
15. Building Plan, D-9, Ranger's Dwelling
16. Building Plan, M20, Combination Office Building
17. Brush Creek Combination Office Building
18. Building Plan, Pyramid Ranger Station Dwelling
19. Pyramid Ranger Station Dwelling
20. Building Plan, Hot Sulphur Springs Supervisor's Dwelling
21. River Springs Ranger Station Dwelling
22. Building Plan and Elevation, Huerfano Ranger Station Dwelling
23. Building Elevation, Pagosa Springs Ranger's Dwelling No. 1
24. Building Elevation, Pagosa Springs Office Building
25. Building Elevation, Saratoga Administrative Building
26. Building Elevation, Delta Dwelling No. 2
27. Phase III Rustic Style Administrative Construction in Colorado
28. Phase III Pueblo Style Administrative Construction in Colorado
29. Norwood Ranger Station Under Construction
30. Cold Springs Ranger Station
31. Site Plan, Mesa Lakes Ranger Station
32. Site Plan, Dolores Ranger Station
33. Dolores Ranger Station
34. Construction Detail, Huerfano Ranger Station Dwelling
35. Construction Detail, Centennial Ranger Station Combination Office Building
36. Construction on Shoshone National Forest
37. Notching Systems, Phases I, II, and III
38. Construction at Basalt Ranger Station
39. Building Plan, Standard Ranger's Dwelling
40. Tigiwon Community House
41. Leon Peak Lookout
42. Hahn's Peak Lookout, 1993
43. Hahn's Peak Lookout, pre 1940
44. Eight Mile Lookout Tower
45. Building Plan, CL-100 Series Lookout Tower
46. Sites Evaluated
47. Sites Evaluated in the Arapaho and Roosevelt National Forests and Pawnee National Grasslands
48, 49, 50. Arapaho National Forest Site Summaries
51, 52, 53, 54, 55. Roosevelt National Forest Site Summaries
56. Pawnee National Grassland Site Summary
57. Sites Evaluated in the Grand Mesa and Uncompahgre National Forests
58. Sites Evaluated in the Gunnison National Forest
59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65. Grand Mesa National Forest Site Summaries
66, 67. Uncompahgre National Forest Site Summaries
68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76. Gunnison National Forest Site Summaries
77. Sites Evaluated in the Pike National Forest and Comanche National Grasslands
78. Sites Evaluated in the San Isabel National Forest
79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86. Pike National Forest Site Summaries
87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95. San Isabel National Forest Site Summaries
96. Commanche National Grasslands Site Summary
97. Sites Evaluated in the Rio Grande National Forest
98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113. Rio Grande National Forest Site Summaries
114. Sites Evaluated in the Routt National Forest
115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128. Routt National Forest Site Summaries
129. Sites Evaluated in the San Juan National Forest
130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155. San Juan National Forest Site Summaries
156. Sites Evaluated in the White River National Forest
157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183. White River National Forest


Arapaho National Forest

5CC653, Idaho Springs Supervisor's Residence and Forest Warehouse
5CC698, Idaho Springs Work Center
5GA1893, Shadow Mountain Village

Roosevelt National Forest

5LR1862, Buckhorn Work Center (Ranger Station)
5LR1863, Estes Park Ranger Station (Headquarters)
5LR1864, Redfeather (Lakes) Ranger Station
5GL696, Rollinsville Work Center
5LR1865, Stub Creek Ranger Station (Work Center)

Pawnee National Grasslands

5WL2225, Briggsdale Work Center

Grand Mesa National Forest

5ME6254, Cold Springs Work Center (Ranger Station)
5ME5002, Collbran District Office (Ranger Station)
5ME6477, Hightower Ranger Station
5ME4936, Land's End Observatory
5ME864, Leon Peak Lookout
5ME7369, Mesa Lakes Ranger Station
5DT99, Ward Lake Ranger (Guard) Station

Uncompahgre National Forest

5SM1299, Lone Cone Guard Station
5SM2748, Norwood Ranger Station

Gunnison National Forest

5GN1735, Alpine Guard (Ranger) Station
5GN2554, Cement Creek Guard (Ranger) Station
5GN2555, Crested Butte Ranger Station
5GN1314, Dorchester Guard (Ranger) Station
5GN2129, Fairview Peak Lookout
5GN2553, Gunnison Supervisor's Warehouse
5SH1471, Long Branch Ranger Station
5GN2098, Sapinero Ranger Station
5GN2552, Taylor (Cebolla) District Office

Pike National Forest

5PA756, AG Ranch
5PA755, Bailey Work Center
5JF1001, Buffalo Creek Work Center
5PA757, Fairplay Work Center
SEP2214, Monument Work Center (Nursery)
5HF1175, San Carlos (La Veta) District Office
5EP995, Supervisor's Warehouse, Colorado Springs (Pike)
5HF1176, Spanish Peaks (San Carlos) Work Center

San Isabel National Forest

5CR249, Alvarado Ranger (Guard) Station
5PA70, Bassam Guard Station
5CF829, Buena Vista (Barn Site)
5CF828, Buena Vista Office (Town Site)
5LK861, Crystal Lakes Work Center
5CF170, Iron City Cabin
5PE1754, Lake Isabel Work Center
5PE2126, Pueblo (San Isabel) Supervisor's Warehouse
5CF827, Salida Work Center (Cochetopa Supervisor's Warehouse)

Commanche National Grasslands

5BA549, Carrizo Work Center

Rio Grande National Forest

5RN518, Beaver Creek Campground Toilet
5SH1470, Brewery Creek Guard Station
5HN280, Bristol View Work Center
5ML284, Creede Ranger Station
5RN472, Del Norte District Office (Ranger Station)
5ML285, East Bench Administrative Site
5RN314, Fitton Guard Station
5RN516, Monte Vista Supervisor's Residence
5RN315, Off Cow Camp
5CN796, Platoro Work Center
5CN794, River Springs Work Center (Ranger Station)
5SH1468, Saguache Ranger Station
5ML286, Seepage Creek Barn Site
5RN517, South Fork Guard Station
5CN795, Stunner Line Cabin
5SH1469, Upper Saguache Guard Station

Routt National Forest

5RT668, California Park Guard Station
5JA544, Grizzley Creek Guard Station
5RT1179, Hahn's Peak Fire Lookout
5JA561, Hog Park Guard Station
5JA942, Michigan River Guard Station
5RT1177, Mad Creek Guard Station
5GA1891, Middle Park (Kremmling) Ranger Station
5GA1353, Parkview Fire Lookout
5GA1892, Ptarmigan Ranch
5RB2882, Pyramid Guard Station
5RT1178, Seedhouse Guard Station
5RT462, Seedhouse Campground Toilet
5RT1180, Steamboat Springs II
5RT431, Summit Creek Guard Station

San Juan National Forest

5LP3867, Animas (District Office) Supervisor's Warehouse
5MT12554, Aspen Ranger (Guard) Station
5LP3869, Bayfield Ranger Station
5DL1793, Benchmark Fire Lookout
5AA1859, Devil Mountain Fire Lookout
5MT12041, Dolores District Office (Ranger Station)
5DL1790, Dunton Guard Station
5LP3872, Durango Ranger's Residence (8th Avenue)
5LP3871, Durango Supervisor's Residence (7th Avenue)
5AA1756, Eight Mile Fire Lookout
5DL1792, Glade Guard Station
5HN508, Granite Peak Guard Station
5MT12555, Jersey Jim Fire Lookout
5MT12552, Lower Mancos (Supervisor's) Warehouse
5MT12553, Mancos Ranger's Residence
5ML287, McCormick Cabin
5AA1855, Pagosa Ranger's Residence No. 1
5AA1856, Pagosa Ranger's Residence No. 2
5HN506, Piedra Guard Station
5DL1791, Rico Guard Station
5HN507, Silver Falls Guard Station
5AA1857, Square Top Guard Station
5AA1858, Treasure Guard Station
5LP3868, Trimble Work Center
5AA1755, Turkey Springs Guard Station
5LP3870, Vallecito Guard Station

White River National Forest

5PT601, Aspen Ranger Station
5GF1481, Bar HL Ranger Station
5EA892, Basalt Ranger Station
5RB2884, Buford Guard Station
5GF1483, Carbondale Ranger Station
5ST621, Cataract Lake Cabins
5ME6161, Cayton Guard Station
5EA889, Derby Ranger Station
5EA902, Eagle Ranger Station
5GF2129, White River Supervisor's Warehouse
5GN2551, Lily Lake Guard Station
5RB2883, Lost Creek Guard Station
5PT547, Lost Man Guard Station
5EA1092, Meadow Mountain Line Shack
5EA912, Meadow Mountain Line Cabin
5EA903, Minturn Ranger Station
5RB3723, Meeker Ranger's Residence
5RB987, Miller Creek Cow Camp (Ranger Station)
5PT2, Norrie Guard Station
5EA906, Notch Mountain Shelter
5EA905, Piney Guard Station
5ST622, Slate Creek Ranger Station
5ST366, Soda Creek Homestead
5GF1484, Sweetwater Guard Station
5PT554, Thompson Creek Ranger Station
5EA795, Tigiwon Community Building
5GF1486, West Elk Creek Barn (Ranger Station)

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Last Updated: 15-Jan-2008