Wilderness by its very nature, has inherent risks.
A few tips to remember when planning your wilderness trip, as well as some things to keep in mind while on your hike:
Most major stream crossings are bridged, but not all. High water or bridge damage can also mean encountering unexpected or difficult stream crossings. Scout for the best crossing. Look for wider, shallower areas with safe downstream conditions. Cross in the morning before snowmelt swells the water level. Unbuckle your pack straps, wear secure footwear, and angle your travel across the current. Never tie yourself in while you cross. Never attempt an unsafe crossing—if in doubt, turn back or wait for help.
With a few exceptions, most trails typically follow valley bottoms to high passes, as the terrain is usually too steep to follow high ridges. Trails over alpine passes tend to be quite steep, so plan your daily mileage estimates with this in mind. If you are looking for alpine views, remember to factor in potential snow cover in the highcountry as late as July or even August some years. Travel over steep snow requires sturdy boots, an ice axe, and knowledge of how to self-arrest on steep slopes. There are no trail markers or blazes, so snow cover can make route-finding a challenge. If you do not have the appropriate skills and equipment to travel over steep snow, ask a ranger for alternative ideas for your hike.
Avoid exposure to the wind, especially when wet or sweaty. Wear adequate rain gear and wool or polypropylene clothing layers, not cotton. Nearly half of body heat is lost through the head, so always wear a stocking cap when weather dictates. Eat high-energy foods. Treatment of hypothermia can be complex, but the key is to prevent further heat loss, and to re-warm and re-hydrate the victim.
Before heading out anywhere in the Pacific Northwest, learn more about hypothermia, its symptoms and treatment.
Know what to do in case you become injured or lost in the wilderness.
Send for help with the following information:
To report emergencies, (such as overdue hikers or injuries) dial 911.
Do not depend on a cell phone to get help in an emergency.
Cell phone coverage is very patchy throughout most of the park. Route-finding and safety skills are paramount in the wilderness. There may be a chance to reach a cell site by climbing to a ridge top. From the backcountry, report only serious emergencies by calling 911.
Remember that you may be hitting a cell site located in Seattle, Portland or Canada. Make sure to state who you are, your specific location and the other information outlined under “Emergencies" above. Knowledge of one's location is vital to the success of any rescue. Also, provide your cell phone number so you can be called back; don't move if they are planning to return a call. Sometimes just a foot or two makes a difference in getting a call through to a cell phone in the wilderness.
For information on cougars, bears, mountain goats, bats, and other animals, please visit this page on Wildlife Safety.
Last updated: October 10, 2022