The Best House is a multi-part structure constructed of stone, log, and frame. It is believed to have been constructed in the late 18th century by the Vincendières, a family of French planters who came to Maryland from the West Indian colony of Saint-Domingue (Haiti) and established a plantation known as L'Hermitage. Beginning in the 1830s or 1840s, the Best family began tenanting the farm, remaining on the property until the early 20th century.
The National Park Service acquired the Best Farm in 1993. As a result of its long history as a tenant farm, the house had been neglected for many years and was in a state of extreme disrepair. Beginning in 2006, the National Park Service undertook exterior preservation of the Best House, which focused on preservation of existing historic fabric but did not attempt to restore the building to a particular time period. The goal of the project was to address structural and cosmetic deficiencies in advance of opening the Best Farm to public access.