"Phase I" - Identification of Archeological Resources
There are many different types of field methods which archeologists use to identify archeological resources. Some of the methods used at Monocacy include:
- Pedestrian surveys
- Shovel Test Pits (STPs)
- Remote Sensing
- Backhoe Trenching
But before a method is selected, the researcher must decide what the goal of the survey is, how much time is available, and how large a site is being surveyed. At the Best Farm, for example, the entire farm encompasses over 274 acres - almost 12 million square feet! In order to adequately survey such a large area in an economical and effective manner, the archeology team devised a sampling strategy to ensure that the farm's archeological resources were adequately investigated within the parameters of the project budget.
Some of the sampling strategies employed at Monocacy are outlined below.