American Coot (Fulica americana)

A dark gray bird with a white bill stands on a lawn.

Birds Home

Introduction

American coots are gregarious birds often seen in large rafts on the open water of lakes, marshes and larger rivers, especially during migration.

These small, plump, duck-like birds feed by tipping up to reach tender vegetation on the bottom of a marsh. They may also dive as much as six feet to retrieve plant material and may even forage on land for seeds. They are, however, opportunistic and supplement their diet by mobbing ducks and stealing food that the larger birds have found.

A pair of these interesting birds often build as many as nine nests on mats of floating vegetation anchored to reeds in shallow water, but the hen only lays eggs in one nest. The young are precocial, and are capable of leaving the nest shortly after hatching and following a parent through the wetland. The family may return to nursery nests to spend the night or during cold weather so the adults may brood the young.

The plentiful coot nests may be appropriated by other open-water nesting ducks, such as canvasbacks or redheads, for their own use.

Fascinating Facts

  • While good swimmers and divers, coots do not have typical webbed feet of ducks, but lobed toes.
  • Another name for the coot is mudhen.
  • A few males have a white frontal lobe above the bill as shown in the photo above; most do not have this lobe.

Identification

  • Key ID Features: Small, dark gray, duck-like bird. Has white bill and some males may have a white frontal lobe just above the bill.
  • Present in the Park: March through November; a few may overwinter here.
  • Habitat: Marshes, ponds, lakes, and larger rivers. Nests are built of marsh vegetation on floating mats attached to emergent vegetation.
  • Voice: Coots use a series of plaintive calls to communicate with each other. Listen

Last updated: December 27, 2017

Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

111 E. Kellogg Blvd., Suite 105
Saint Paul, MN 55101

Phone:

(651) 293-0200
This is the general phone line at the Mississippi River Visitor Center. Please leave a voicemail if we miss your call and expect a return call within 1 day, often sooner.

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