Women of the Mississippi River

A black and white image of two women overlooking the Mississippi River.
Two women seated in Indian Mounds Park overlooking the Mississippi River, 1910

Minnesota Historical Society

The centennial anniversary of the 19th Amendment marks a historic moment for the United States. As such, this project aims to celebrate the voices of women and recognize their struggles and successes in protecting the Mississippi River.

The narratives included in this project are only a small sample of the incredible people who have helped shape the Twin Cities Mississippi River corridor into what it is today. A special thanks to the dozens of volunteers who researched, interviewed when possible, and wrote these stories. The Women of the Mississippi River project would not be possible without them.

At the beginning of 2020, the National Park Service made a call to highlight women’s influence on parks in celebration of the centennial anniversary of the 19th Amendment. Women of the Mississippi is our answer to that call. It is a collection of stories of historical and contemporary women who contributed immensely to the park homed in Minnesota -- The Mississippi National River and Recreation Area. The narratives included in the Women of the Mississippi project add to our collective knowledge about who has influenced this stretch of the Mississippi River over time and are important when discussing women’s history in the United States, especially because their narratives have often been left untold and many lack acknowledgement for their accomplishments.

A black and white image of Indian women and children in a canoe.
Indian women and children in canoe on the Mississippi River, 1898

Minnesota Historical Society

A century ago, some of the first women to cast their vote in the United States did so in South St. Paul – an important milestone for Minnesota history. However, the ratification of the 19th Amendment did not mean victory for all. After years of activism, it was mostly White women who gained access to the vote after the 19th amendment. As we mark the centennial anniversary of the 19th amendment, we recognize that adding narratives from non-white women is especially important to the dialogue surrounding the centennial celebration.When Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify the 19th Amendment in August of 1920, accomplishing the adoption of the amendment, Indigenous and African-American, in addition to other minority women, had years of battle ahead of them before they could cast a vote too. Not only did de jure discrimination and racism disenfranchise minority women, states also used physical violence to further hinder them once they obtained the legal right to vote.

A color photo of the Mississippi River on a sunny day.
The Mississippi River near Saint Paul, Minnesota

Mississippi Park Connection

As we observe the centennial anniversary of the 19th Amendment, “National Parks across the country share stories of visionary women, trailblazers who dared to imagine a different future,” (National Park Foundation, 2020). Our contribution to the larger narrative is the Women of the Mississippi River project. The women highlighted here have worked within and outside of government to shape this incredible park. Some have risen to the highest levels of government service or private industry and others have led from positions unacknowledged by accolades or titles of distinction. We hope you read their stories and find an inspiration to connect with this water, this air, and this land that is the life source for all of us who live in the Twin Cities – and across the great American Midwest. Here’s to the Women of the Mississippi River!

Kristy Ornelas, Americorps VISTA service member, Mississippi Park Connection

Women of the Mississippi River


Last updated: February 14, 2023

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Mailing Address:

111 E. Kellogg Blvd., Suite 105
Saint Paul, MN 55101


This is the general phone line at the Mississippi River Visitor Center.

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