From 1790 to 1800, Philadelphia served as the temporary capital of the U.S. During that time, the U.S. Congress met in Congress Hall. The House of Representatives met on the first floor while the Senate convened upstairs. Presidents George Washington (second term) and John Adams both took the oath of office in this building.
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Credit: NPS photoThe U.S. House of Representatives sat here from 1790 to 1800. They argued over legislation like the First Bank of the U.S., the Navy Department, the Alien & Sedition Acts, and more. John Adams was sworn in as the nation's second President here on March 4, 1797. Download 367 KB
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Credit: NPS photo