This collection consists of over 400 Longfellow, Dana, and Thorp family clothing items from the eighteenth to early twentieth century. Included are waistcoats, jackets, trousers, hats, caps, bonnets, shoes, gowns, parasols, children's clothing, and stockings.
Of particular interest are:
- Charles Longfellow's Civil War uniform
- Nineteenth century Japanese items including nineteen kimono
- Regional costumes from nineteenth century Greece and the Philippines
- Henry Longfellow's smoking jacket
- 1840s textile samples from the Lowell mills
- Two mid-nineteenth century ball gowns associated with Fanny Longfellow
Other flat and rolled textiles consist of panels or fragments of curtains, drapes, upholstery, towels, blankets, slipcovers, rugs, runners, and carpets, all of which were used in the house.
Fanny Longfellow's father, Nathan Appleton, was one of the founders of the Lowell textile mills, and was a pioneer in American textile manufacturing.