Reptiles & Amphibians


Species within this class are cold-blooded, such as snakes, lizards, and turtles. Reptiles have an external covering of scales or horny plates and breathe by means of lungs. Reptiles do not form a distinct evolutionary group as birds and mammals do. Instead, the Class Reptilia consists of four orders which are very different from each other. For example, lizards are more closely related to birds than to turtles.

Reptiles differ from amphibians in that they have dry, waterproof skin and they lay eggs with shell coverings. In addition, they have more advanced circulatory, respiritory, excretory, and nervous systems.

There are 28 species of reptiles found at Little River Canyon, including 18 snakes (three of which are venomous), 7 lizards, and 3 turtles.


The word amphibian comes from the Greek amphibios meaning "both lives". This description is appropriate because most adult amphibians are better adapted to life on land, while their larval phases are entirely aquatic. For much of their lives, which may last several years or a couple of months, depending on species, larval amphibians (e.g. tadpoles) bear little resemblance to their adult forms. However, in a matter of weeks or days, the fish-like larvae transform into terrestrial, air-breathing, four-legged animals. Adult terrestrial amphibians can either breathe through their skin or with lungs. The families include frogs, toads, salamanders and newts.

Little River Canyon is home to 15 species of toads and frogs and 13 species of salamanders or newts, including the Green Salamander, a protected species in Alabama.
You can view, save, or print the Reptiles Checklist below by selecting Reptiles from the Select a Species Category drop down list below.

You can view, save, or print the Amphibian Checklist below by selecting Amphibians from the Select a Species Category drop down list below.

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Last updated: February 23, 2021

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Contact Info

Mailing Address:

4322 Little River Trail NE Ste 100
Fort Payne, AL 35967


256 845-9605 x201
Main phone number for Little River Canyon National Preserve.

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