The enculturation of jazz in New Orleans depended strongly on a tradition of itinerant bandleaders. That tradition came to maturity during the early part of the twentieth century. A strong heritage of street music, a solid marching tradition, and a proclivity for parades resulted in a priority being placed on the learning of a band instrument as a fundamental aspect of a child’s musical education. From this tradition, jazz bands derived the wind and percussion personnel they required. Following are some of the individuals who stood out to become the leaders of these early bands.